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Lesson Transcript

Becky: Hi everyone, and welcome back to KoreanClass101.com. This is Business Korean for Beginners Season 1 Lesson 6 - Going Out to Meet With a Client in South Korea. Becky here.
Kyejin: Hello, I'm Kyejin. 안녕하세요. 김계진입니다.
Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn what to say when you leave the office for a meeting with a client. The conversation takes place at an office.
Kyejin: It's between Linda and her co-worker, Ms. Choi.
Becky: The speakers are co-workers, so they’ll be using formal Korean. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Choi: 린다씨, 외출하는 거에요?
Linda: 네. 과장님이랑 한국상사에 다녀오려고요.
Choi: 잘 다녀와요.
Linda: 네, 다녀오겠습니다.
Becky: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Choi: 린다씨, 외출하는 거에요?
Linda: 네. 과장님이랑 한국상사에 다녀오겠습니다.
Choi: 잘 다녀와요.
Linda: 네, 다녀오겠습니다.
Becky: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Choi: Linda, are you going out?
Linda: Yes, I’m going to Hanguk Trading Company with the manager.
Choi: OK, see you later.
Linda: See you later.
Becky: Kyejin, how do Korean companies record the time that employees spend in and out of the office?
Kyejin: I heard that the punch card system was commonly used in the past, but you don’t see it in offices nowadays. Instead, most companies give their staff an ID card, which has an IC chip inside that keeps track of when they come in and out of the office.
Becky: So they just have to tap their ID card on a card reader, right?
Kyejin: That’s right. Employees do this each time they enter or leave the office.
Becky: I see. And what do employees or coworkers do if they want to check whether someone is at the office right then?
Kyejin: When Korean people take vacation time off from work, they usually send out an email to let everyone in the office know that they’ll be gone. If they’re out of the office for other reasons, often times people put up a sign at the desk stating the reason they are away.
Becky: For example..?
Kyejin: If someone is off on a business trip, the sign will say 출장. (slow) 출장.
Becky: And.. what about “on holiday?”
Kyejin: In Korean, that is 휴가. (slow) 휴가.
Becky: What if someone wants to put up a sign to let others know that they’ll be away from their desk for just a short period of time?
Kyejin: In that case, they can put up a sign saying 부재중. (slow) 부재중.
Becky: All of these words are written in the lesson notes, so please check them out. Okay, now onto the vocab.
Becky: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Kyejin 씨 [natural native speed]
Becky Mr., Ms., Mrs.
Kyejin 씨 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Kyejin 씨 [natural native speed]
Kyejin 외출하다 [natural native speed]
Becky to go out
Kyejin 외출하다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Kyejin 외출하다 [natural native speed]
Kyejin 다녀오다 [natural native speed]
Becky to visit, to go to and come back from
Kyejin 다녀오다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Kyejin 다녀오다 [natural native speed]
Kyejin 잘 [natural native speed]
Becky well
Kyejin 잘 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Kyejin 잘 [natural native speed]
Kyejin 에 [natural native speed]
Becky at, in, on (place marking particle)
Kyejin 에 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Kyejin 에 [natural native speed]
Kyejin 다녀오겠습니다 [natural native speed]
Becky See you later (lit. I'll go and come back.)
Kyejin 다녀오겠습니다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Kyejin 다녀오겠습니다 [natural native speed]
Kyejin 잘 다녀와요 [natural native speed]
Becky have a good day, take care
Kyejin 잘 다녀와요 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Kyejin 잘 다녀와요 [natural native speed]
Becky: Let's have a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is..
Kyejin: 다녀오겠습니다.
Becky: which means “see you later,” but could also be translated as “I’ll go and come back” in English, right?
Kyejin: That’s right, because 다녀오다 means “to come back.” We say 다녀오겠습니다 when we leave a place, knowing that we’ll return.
Becky: So can you say this to your family when leaving the house?
Kyejin: Yes, because I know I’ll be coming back home!
Becky: Can we say 다녀오겠습니다 when we leave shops or restaurants to mean “I’ll come again”?
Kyejin: At shops and restaurants? … No. Even if you’re a regular, this would sound strange. In that case, just say 다음에 또 올게요.
Becky: Which means something like “I will come here again.”
Kyejin: Basically, 다녀오겠습니다 is used only with people in your group, such as your family or co-workers, including your boss.
Becky: Okay, what's the next word?
Kyejin: 잘 다녀와요
Becky: which means “have a good day,” “take care,” or “see you.”
Kyejin: It literally means “Please go and come back well.”
Becky: This is a set phrase you can say to someone who is leaving, but is expected to return in the future.
Kyejin: It’s hard to translate 잘 다녀와요 into English, isn’t it?
Becky: It is! I don’t think we have an equivalent in English, but depending on the situation, it can mean something like “see you later” or “have a good day.”
Kyejin: I recommend that you memorize 다녀오겠습니다 and 잘 다녀와요 as a set.
Becky: OK. So let’s recap here. A person who is LEAVING says…
Kyejin: 다녀오겠습니다
Becky: And a person who is STAYING says…
Kyejin: 잘 다녀와요
Becky: Kyejin, I have a question. The phrases we have covered so far are polite expressions that can be used in business settings. What can I say if I want to use these expressions in a less formal way, like when I’m talking to my subordinates?
Kyejin: In that case, you can say 다녀 올게. or 잘 다녀와. Sometimes, people use 갔다 올게. which literally means “I will go and come back” when they leave the office.
Becky: Good to know. Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn a sentence structure that will come in handy when you want to say you’re leaving the office for some purpose and are coming back soon. Kyejin, can you read a sentence from the dialogue?
Kyejin: Sure. 한국상사에 다녀오겠습니다.
Becky: Which means “I’m going to Hanguk Trading Company.” Let's break this sentence down to look at the meaning of each word.
Kyejin: 한국상사
Becky: This is the name of a company,
Kyejin: 에
Becky : which is a destination marking particle,
Kyejin: 다녀오겠습니다.
Becky: “I’ll go and come back.” So all together?
Kyejin: 한국상사에 다녀오겠습니다.
Becky: which literally means “I’m going to Hanguk Trading Company and coming back.”
Kyejin: The sentence structure is ... [your destination ] plus 에 다녀오겠습니다.
Becky: OK. Let’s practice! Kyejin, how would you say “I'm going to the headquarters”?
Kyejin: 본사 is the word meaning “headquarters”, so you can say 본사에 다녀오겠습니다.
Becky: What about “I’m going to the Seoul branch”?
Kyejin: 지사 is the word meaning “a branch”, so you can say 서울 지사에 다녀오겠습니다.
Becky: Now, in addition to your destination, you can also state your purpose, but in that case you need to use a different particle.
Kyejin: For example, 점심 먹으러 다녀오겠습니다.
Becky: “I'm going for lunch.”
Kyejin: Here, I used the expression 점심 먹다, meaning “to have lunch” or literally “to eat lunch.” Then, I added 으러 after the verb-stem 먹. 점심 먹으러.
Becky: “To have lunch.” All together, once again..
Kyejin: 점심 먹으러 다녀오겠습니다.
Becky: “I'm going for lunch.”
Kyejin: So simply, make a sentence showing the purpose, for example, 점심 먹다
Becky: “to have lunch.”
Kyejin: Then, take out 다 and add the particle 으러 which indicates the purpose.
Becky: So once again, “I’m going for lunch” is..?
Kyejin: 점심 먹 / 으러 / 다녀오겠습니다. 점심 먹으러 다녀오겠습니다.
Becky: What about “I’m going to meet a client”?
Kyejin: 고객을 만나다 is the expression meaning “to meet a client.” Here, the verb-stem 만나 ends in a vowel, so you can use the particle 러, and say 고객을 만나러 다녀오겠습니다.
Becky: So to recap, how can we say “I’m going to the headquarters?”
Kyejin: 본사에 다녀오겠습니다.
Becky: And “I’m going for lunch?” is?
Kyejin: 점심 먹으러 다녀오겠습니다.


Becky: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Kyejin: 다음 시간에 만나요!