Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Seol: 안녕하세요. 윤설입니다.
Minkyong: 안녕하세요. 민경이에요.
Keith: Hey Keith here. The Law Student Part 2. Now we are talking about school. What’s going on?
Seol: The boy in this conversation 학교를 잘 안 가요.
Keith: Generally speaking, he is just not a very – he doesn’t go to school very often.
Minkyong: And he like has the weirdest excuse ever. It was raining, it was cold.
Seol: Well you understand him.
Keith: Yeah I understand him. It’s like it’s a Monday.
Seol: So you don’t want to go to school.
Minkyong: What kind of excuse is that?
Seol: And it’s Tuesday, you don’t want to go to school.
Keith: Yeah, yeah. It’s like raining, it’s cold and it’s Friday.
Seol: And sometimes it’s so sunny, so bright. So you don’t want to go to school.
Keith: It’s vacation every day.
Seol: Yeah.
Keith: All right. So that’s what happened in our last dialogue. Our law student 유근 didn’t go to school for a couple of days. His teacher called him and now what’s going on.
Seol: 유근 is calling his teacher and he said that he cannot go to school again because he doesn’t feel good. 몸이 안 좋아서 오늘도 학교 안 가요.
Keith: That’s part of our lesson. So what’s our grammar point in this lesson?
Seol: We have already learned 기 때문에 but here we are introducing 어서 or 아서.
Keith: And this one also means because of its similar to 기 때문에 but we will give you the nuance a little later. So remember to watch out for that one and before we jump in to the conversation, what kind of politeness levels are we going to be using?
Minkyong: 유근 is using 존댓말 and 선생님 is using 반말
Keith: Even on the phone.
Seol: 당연하죠.
Minkyong: 들어 봅시다.
DIALOGUE
유근: (전화중) 선생님... 오늘은 몸이 안 좋아서 학교 못 가요.
선생님: 안 돼! 그래도 오늘은 꼭 학교 와!
유근: 오늘은 정말 피곤해서 쉴래요.
선생님: 유근아... 오늘 졸업식이야. 꼭 와!
유근: 아! 네!
Hyunwoo: 한 번 더 천천히
유근: (전화중) 선생님... 오늘은 몸이 안 좋아서 학교 못 가요.
Keith: Teacher, I'm sick so I can't go to school today.
선생님: 안 돼! 그래도 오늘은 꼭 학교 와!
Keith: No! You have to come today.
유근: 오늘은 정말 피곤해서 쉴래요
Keith: I'm really tired today, so I'm going to rest.
선생님: 유근아... 오늘 졸업식이야. 꼭 와!
Keith: Yugeun, today's graduation day. Come to school!
유근: 아! 네!
Keith: Oh. Ok.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Keith: All right so today’s graduation. Good luck 유근.
Minkyong: Yay! Finally he is graduating so he doesn’t have to go to school anymore.
Seol: Whoa!
Minkyong: Woohoo!!
Keith: Well what’s graduation like in Korea?
Seol: 엄마 아빠가 오시고 꽃다발을 받고 그 졸업모자를 쓴 다음에 사진을 찍어요.
Keith: It sounds really similar to what I experienced in America. Your mom comes, your dad comes, you get flowers, you wear a hat.
Seol: And take pictures.
Keith: Yeah. So what’s different in Korea?
Seol: Well when they graduate, Korean people go to the Chinese restaurant.
Keith: Well and of course at a 중국집, 뭘 먹죠?
Seol: 짜장면
Keith: Of course we talked about this several times on many occasions.
Minkyong: And 탕수육도 먹어요.
Keith: And what is that?
Minkyong: It’s sweet and sour pork.
Keith: The Koreanized version of it of course but is that the meal that you eat when you graduate?
Seol: Yes it is.
Keith: Why wouldn’t it be 갈비? 갈비 is like the number one, the steak of Korea you know.
Seol: I hear the story about it. It was like you know several years ago, 40 years ago, Korea was kind of poor. So they couldn’t have 짜장면 that often. So 짜장면 was kind of special food for special occasion. 졸업식 was kind of big, big special occasions. So that’s the reason they went to the Chinese restaurant to eat 짜장면 and then this tradition just stuck.
Keith: So what about back 30 years ago? People didn’t eat 갈비?
Seol: I am sure they ate.
Mikyong: Like maybe in a wedding, you ate 갈비 30 years ago you know.
Keith: So that’s the real special occasion.
Minkyong: Yeah.
Keith: All right before we move on to the vocabulary, I want to remind our listeners to stop by KoreanClass101.com and there you can check out my feed. This is a customizable feed that you can use to pick and choose exactly what you want. If you only want the audio blogs, just pick the audio blogs and there you go. You can download them all at once. If you just want the beginner lessons, you can download all of them too. Also if you just want PDFs, download all the PDFs, if you just want conversation tracks, that’s it, just click on conversation and there you go, you got all the conversations. Very simple to use and very useful to customize your own learning experience. All right so let’s move on to the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Keith: First word we have is
Minkyong: 졸업식
Keith: Graduation.
Minkyong: 졸업식 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 졸업식 [natural native speed]
Keith: Next we have
Minkyong: 피곤하다
Keith: To be tired.
Minkyong: 피곤하다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 피곤하다 [natural native speed]
Keith: After that
Minkyong: 쉬다
Keith: To rest
Minkyong: 쉬다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 쉬다 [natural native speed]
Keith: 그 다음에는
Minkyong: 몸
Keith: Body
Minkyong: 몸 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 몸 [natural native speed]
Keith: And after that we have
Minkyong: 그래도
Keith: But still
Minkyong: 그래도 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 그래도 [natural native speed]
Keith: And 그 다음에는
Minkyong: 안 돼
Keith: You can’t
Minkyong: 안 돼 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 안 돼 [natural native speed]
Keith: And 마지막으로
Minkyong: 꼭
Keith: Make sure, certainly, you should
Minkyong: 꼭 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 꼭 [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Keith: All right. Let’s talk about some of the vocabulary words. Now the word 졸업식. That word has a bit of 한자 in there, doesn’t it?
Minkyong: 네 맞아요.
Keith: Even though this is a beginner lesson, this 한자 word is very, very common and it’s all over the place laced all over Korean that last part of 졸업식, what does it mean 식?
Minkyong: Ceremony.
Keith: So what are some other examples?
Minkyong: 결혼식
Keith: Marriage ceremony.
Minkyong: 장례식
Keith: Funeral.
Minkyong: 입학식
Keith: School entrance ceremony. Now whenever you have a ceremony, most likely the word you are going to hear is going to end in
Minkyong: 식
Keith: Yeah so remember to stop by, check out our PDF if you don’t already have it and there we got it included with a couple of other examples and our next word is
Seol: 몸
Keith: Body. Now how did it come out in this conversation?
Seol: 유근 says 오늘은 몸이 안 좋아서 학교 못 가요.
Keith: That includes our grammar point. So let’s take it without the grammar.
Seol: 몸이 안 좋다
Keith: Literally body not good and that means to not feel good. Now Korean uses the word 몸 a lot to express yeah I am not feeling so good. Oh yeah, I am kind of sick today. You can say
Seol: 몸이 안 좋아.
Keith: Body not good.
Minkyong: You can also say 몸이 피곤해.
Keith: My body is tired.
Minkyong: It means same as I am tired.
Seol: But yeah let’s talk about 몸이 안 좋아 again because I found different meaning from the phrase. Didn’t you?
Minkyong: 네 맞아요.
Seol: 몸이 안 좋아 usually means I don’t feel good. My body’s condition is bad. 몸이 안 좋아는 보통 감기에 걸렸거나 아니면 열이 나거나
Keith: Yeah when your body is actually not feeling good.
Seol: 그럴 때 쓰는 말이잖아요. 그렇지만 몸이 좋아란 말은 어떤 뜻인지 아세요?
Minkyong: He is fit.
Seol: Yeah so….
Keith: Wait! Why does it have to be he? Can it also be she?
Minkyong: 어 근데 저 여자 몸이 좋아하고 안 해요.
Keith: Why not?
Minkyong: We don’t say 저 여자 몸이 좋아 we say 저 여자 몸매가 예뻐.
Keith: So 좋아 is referring to men.
Minkyong: Men yeah so 저 남자 몸이 진짜 좋다 we say that.
Keith: And 그 여자 몸매가 진짜 예뻐.
Seol: 예쁘다
Keith: So how about me?
Minkyong: I know – checking your body like your chest and I couldn’t find any muscle like [*] we are sorry.
Keith: 넘어가자 넘어가자. Next. I knew this is going to happen. Keep digging myself into a hole. I am going to have to take this opportunity to move on to our grammar point.

Lesson focus

Keith: What do we got?
Minkyong: 아서
Keith: "Because" and it's usually translated as "because".
Minkyong: 네 맞아요. 근데 아서는 기 때문에 보다 더 회화적이에요.
Keith: So it's more conversational than 기 때문에?
Minkyong: 네 맞아요. 변명을 하거나 사과를 할 때는 아서를 쓰지 기 때문에를 쓰지 못 해요.
Keith: Wait. Why can't you use 기 때문에 when you're making an excuse or apologizing?
Minkyong: 늦었기 때문에 죄송해요. This sounds just weird. 늦어서 죄송해요.
Keith: Yeah. So generally speaking, when you apologize or you're making up excuses — "I didn't go to school because of this. My dog ate my homework, so I don't have it." That kind of thing. — you are using this construction. Now what's the other main difference between this and 기 때문에?
Seol: 기 때문에를 쓰면 더 강조적이고요 더 강해요.
Keith: So it's stronger?
Seol: 네. 나 바쁘기 때문에 너랑 못 놀아.
Keith: So because I'm busy, I can't hang out with you. But it's stronger so "Because I'm busy." I don't know if that's the translation, but what do we have? Can we have this construction in the same sentence?
Seol: 나 바빠서 너랑 못 놀아.
Keith: Because I'm busy, I can't hang out, but the other one is the nuance of "Hey, I'm busy." Stronger. Stronger. So let's go over the construction of this. How did it come out in this conversation?
Minkyong: 몸이 안 좋아서 학교 못 가요.
Keith: Because I'm not feeling so good, I can't go to school.
Minkyong: 피곤해서 쉴래요.
Keith: Because I'm tired, I want to rest. Now we can also use this with 기 때문에 as well, but the nuance is too strong for this kind of situation. You just want to give a general reason for doing something or wanting to do something. Let's go over the construction really quickly. What came out in this conversation?
Minkyong: 몸이 안 좋아서 학교 못 가요.
Keith: So the verb there we have is?
Minkyong: 좋다
Keith: To be good, but we also have the negative adverb 안 in front so, "not good".
Minkyong: 안 좋다
Keith: So the verb stem is?
Minkyong: 안 좋
Keith: And then here we add on the 아/어/여 conjugation and the verb stem has the vowel ㅗ in there, so what do we choose?
Minkyong: 아
Keith: So what do we have now?
Minkyong: 안 좋아서
Keith: And this means "not good because" and then we finish it up.
Minkyong: 학교 못 가요
Keith: And that second clause is where you do your conjugations.
Keith: All right, so let’s finish it up.
Minkyoung: KoreanClass101이 좋아서 맨날 들어요.
Seol: 저도요. KoreanClass101이 좋아서 매일 매일 들어가서 봐요.
Keith: And.. 저는 예쁜 여자 두 명이랑 녹음해서 진짜 재미있어요.
Seol &Minkyong: Ah, Keith 짱.
Keith: 몸짱?
Seol &Minkyong: 아니요.

Outro

Keith: All right, that’s going to do it. See you later.
Seol: 안녕
Minkyong: 안녕

Grammar

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45 Comments

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Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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여러분이 KoreanClass101으로 열심히 공부해서 너무 기뻐요!! (We're so happy because you're studying hard with KoreanClass101!)

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 07:31 PM
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안녕하세요 robert groulx,


You are very welcome. 😇

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

We wish you good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

레벤테 (Levente)

Team KoreanClass101.com

robert groulx
Wednesday at 12:46 AM
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thank you for the lesson


my favorite is 안 좋다


robert

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 01:53 PM
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Hi Aia,


Thanks for posting, are you trying to say you are learning a new language to improve your memory skills? If so, we hope it helps!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Aia
Wednesday at 05:28 PM
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제 기억력이 나뻐서 외국어를 공부하고 있어요

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 10:02 PM
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Hi Sarah,


Thanks for posting. Could you let us know which lesson you are referring to? ?

Having said that, the phrases used in this lesson means 'because'.


아파서 쉬었어요. (I rested 'because' I was sick)

힘들어서 포기했어요. (I gave up because it was difficult/giving me a hard time)


Looking forward to hearing from you!

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sarah
Tuesday at 05:29 PM
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Wait a moment... isn't this the same structure as in lesson 47 -아/어/여서, where it means "and"? Or am I confusing something?

Thank you!

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:26 AM
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Hi Jolande,


Thanks for posting! To take a look at what you wrote:


저도 koreanclass101으로 겅부해서 너무 기뻐요!

-->저도 Koreanclass101으로 공부할 수 있어서 너무 기뻐요! (I'm also happy to be able to study (Korean) with Koreanclass101!)


근대, could I also say 저도 겅부해스니까 너무 행복해요

-->If you want to say 'I am so happy to be able to study(Korean)', you would write:

저도 공부할 수 있어서 너무 행복해요! (I am also very happy to be able to study(Korean)!)


And one quick correction:

근대-->근데


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Jolande
Monday at 03:34 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

저도 koreanclass101으로 겅부해서 너무 기뻐요!


근대, could I also say 저도 겅부해스니까 너무 행복해요

Team KoreanClass101.com
Thursday at 09:12 PM
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Hi William,


Thank you for posting.


'늦게 와서 미안해' (Sorry I arrived late).

-->good job!


However, instead of '~기 때문에', it is more natural to use the '~어서' format.

-->늦어서 미안해. (Sorry I'm late).


As for your question regarding the formal imperative form '(으)십시오':


Do your homework.

숙제해요.

숙제하십시오.

-->Good job.


Drink beer!

맥주를 마셔요.

--->맥주를 마십시오.


Go to school!

학교가요.

학교가십시오.


Go see a doctor!

의사 보러 가요. (보러 가다=go see)

--->의사 보러 가십시오.


Go write your homework! ---> 'Go do your homework' would be a more natural phrase:

숙제를 하세요.

숙제를 하십시오.


Please let us know if you have any other questions.

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

William
Tuesday at 06:13 AM
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Hello!!


I'm not confident about how to use the formal version of the imperative form (-으 십시오.) . So here is five sentences I made! Please correct me, Thank you :)


Do your homework.

숙제 해요.

숙제 하십시오.


Drink beer!

맥주를 마셔요.

맥주를 마시십시오.


Go to school!

학교 가요.

학교 가십시오.


Go see a doctor!

의사봐요.

의사보십시오.


Go write your homework!

숙제써요.

슥제쓰십시요.