Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gyeongeun: 안녕하세요. 최경은입니다.
Hyunwoo: Hyunwoo here. Beginner Series, Season 5, Lesson #19. Hello and welcome to the Beginner Series, Season 5 at KoreanClass101.com where we study modern Korean in a fun and educational format.
Gyeongeun: So brush up on the Korean that you started learning long ago or start learning today.
Hyunwoo: Thanks for being here with us for this lesson. 경은씨, what are we going to learn in this lesson?
Gyeongeun: In this lesson, you will learn how to say to keep the something without meaning to or to end up doing something.
Hyunwoo: And where does this conversation take place?
Gyeongeun: This conversation takes place outside of office.
Hyunwoo: And the conversation is between
Gyeongeun: Two colleagues 수희 and 봉진.
Hyunwoo: And since they are colleagues although they are close to each other, they are speaking polite language.
Gyeongeun: 존댓말
Hyunwoo: And if you don’t already have one
Gyeongeun: Stop by KoreanClass101.com
Hyunwoo: And sign up for your free lifetime account.
Gyeongeun: You can sign up in less than 30 seconds.
Hyunwoo: Okay great. Now let’s listen to the conversation.
Gyeongeun: 네, 들어봐요.
DIALOGUE
수희: 또 커피 마셔요?
봉진: 아... 그냥... 하하.
수희: 커피 너무 마시면 안 좋아요.
봉진: 알아요. 그래도 자꾸 마시게 되네요.
수희: 조금 줄이세요. 몸에 안 좋아요.
봉진: 네. 그런데 수희 씨는 왜 또 밖에 나왔어요?
수희: 저요? 그냥 사무실에 있으면 너무 졸려요. 그래서 자꾸 나오게 되네요.
봉진: 커피 마실래요?
수희: 아, 아니에요. 저는 괜찮아요. 그럼 먼저 들어갈게요.
suhi: tto keopi masyeoyo?
bongjin: a... geunyang... haha.
suhi: keopi neomu masimyeon an joayo.
bongjin: arayo. geuraedo jakku masige doeneyo.
suhi: jogeum juriseyo. mom-e an joayo.
bongjin: ne. geureonde suhi ssi-neun wae tto bakk-e nawasseoyo?
suhi: jeo-yo? geunyang samusil-e isseumyeon neomu jollyeoyo. geuraeseo jakku naoge doeneyo.
bongjin: keopi masillaeyo?
suhi: a, anieyo. jeo-neun gwaenchanayo. geureom meonjeo deureogalgeyo.
Suhee: You're drinking coffee again?
Bongjin: Oh...I'm just... Haha.
Suhee: It's not good to drink too much coffee.
Bongjin: I know. But I can't help but keep drinking.
Suhee: Cut down on it a little bit. It's not good for your body.
Bongjin: You're right. But Suhee, why are you outside again?
Suhee: Me? I feel so sleepy if I just stay in the office. So I keep coming outside.
Bongjin: Do you want to have some coffee?
Suhee: Haha. No thanks. I'm all right. Then I'll go in first.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Hyunwoo: 경은씨, what is something that you keep ending up doing even though you don’t want to do it.
Gyeongeun: Same as 봉진 here. I drink coffee too often 커피를 자꾸 마시게 돼요.
Hyunwoo: So you get to keep drinking coffee even though you don’t want to drink so often. Well for me, I am okay with coffee but for me, instead of taking the bus, I always end up just taking the subway 버스를 타는 대신에 항상 지하철을 타게 돼요.
Gyeongeun: Why is that?
Hyunwoo: There are buses that take me to the places that I want to go more quickly 제가 가고싶은 곳에 더 빨리 데려다 주는 버스들도 있는데 I just don’t like to wait for the bus without knowing when it’s coming. 언제 올지 모르면서 버스를 기다리는게 정말 싫어요.
Gyeongeun: 저도 그건 싫어요.
Hyunwoo: Oh yeah and we are going to learn how to use this structure that we just used -게 되다 in a little more detail in the grammar section but for now
VOCAB LIST
Gyeongeun: Let’s look at the vocabulary.
Hyunwoo: Great. Let’s go. So the first word is
Gyeongeun: 자꾸
Hyunwoo: Often, continuously, to continue to do.
Gyeongeun: 자꾸 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 자꾸 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: 그리고
Gyeongeun: 줄이다
Hyunwoo: To reduce, to cut down on
Gyeongeun: 줄이다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 줄이다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: And
Gyeongeun: 밖
Hyunwoo: Outside
Gyeongeun: 밖 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 밖 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: 그 다음에는
Gyeongeun: 졸리다
Hyunwoo: To feel sleepy.
Gyeongeun: 졸리다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 졸리다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: 그리고
Gyeongeun: 먼저
Hyunwoo: First, before other things.
Gyeongeun: 먼저 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 먼저 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: 그 다음에는
Gyeongeun: 들어가다
Hyunwoo: To enter, to go in.
Gyeongeun: 들어가다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 들어가다 [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Hyunwoo: All right. Now let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. So the first word we are going to look at is
Gyeongeun: 줄이다
Hyunwoo: To reduce, to cut down on.
Gyeongeun: 줄이다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 줄이다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: Now this word 줄이다 is a transitive verb. So it means to reduce something.
Gyeongeun: 바지 길이를 줄이다, 담배를 줄이다.
Hyunwoo: To reduce the size of the pants and to cut down on smoking.
Gyeongeun: 네. But if you want to use it in the intransitive sense like something reduces or decreases, you use 줄다.
Hyunwoo: Right 줄이다 and 줄다. So please pay attention to the difference between these two words. Now what is the next word we are looking at?
Gyeongeun: 졸리다
Hyunwoo: To feel sleepy.
Gyeongeun: 졸리다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 졸리다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: 졸리다 is to feel sleepy but not to actually doze off or to fall asleep right?
Gyeongeun: No it is just to feel sleepy.
Hyunwoo: Then how do you say to doze off or to fall asleep for a little while.
Gyeongeun: 졸다
Hyunwoo: 졸다. So it is the same kind of difference as between 줄다 and 줄이다. Again 줄다 is
Gyeongeun: To decrease, to be reduced
Hyunwoo: And 줄이다 is
Gyeongeun: To reduce something.
Hyunwoo: And 졸다 is
Gyeongeun: To fall asleep, to doze off.
Hyunwoo: And 졸리다
Gyeongeun: Means to feel sleepy.
Hyunwoo: Okay great. 경은씨, 졸지 마세요.
Gyeongeun: 안 졸아요.
Hyunwoo: 졸지 마시고. Now let’s move on to the grammar point.
Gyeongeun: 네, 좋아요.

Lesson focus

Hyunwoo: The grammar point of this lesson is
Gyeongeun: The grammar point of this lesson is how to say to do something without intending to do it or to end up doing something.
Hyunwoo: As in the example.
Gyeongeun: 자꾸 마시게 돼요.
Hyunwoo: I don’t want to but I keep drinking it.
Gyeongeun: Yeah so when you are not exactly intending to do something but somehow ended up doing it due to other reasons
Hyunwoo: You can express it using the structure 게 되다.
Gyeongeun: Yeah originally 게 되다 has the meaning of to become plus adjective right?
Hyunwoo: Yeah but in this case, it can mean to do something without intending to do it in the first place or all in all, to end up doing something as a result. You can use this structure when you are talking about a decision that was made by other people and that influences the subject of the sentence. Okay I think it will be best if you looked at how to use it actually.
Gyeongeun: 네, 맞아요. 예를 들어서 to work is 일하다. So you take the verb stem 일하 and add 게 되다 and it becomes 일하게 되다.
Hyunwoo: 일하게 되다. It has been decided that one will work or to end up working.
Gyeongeun: And another example 예를 하나 더 들어서 to know is 알다. So take the verb stem 알 and add 게 되다 and it becomes 알게 되다.
Hyunwoo: 알게 되다. To get to know or to find out about something without intending to do so.
Gyeongeun: 네, 맞아요.
Hyunwoo: All right. Now let’s look at how you would use it in the dialogue for this lesson.
Gyeongeun: 네, 좋아요. 그래도 자꾸 마시게 되네요.
Hyunwoo: But I can’t help but keep drinking it.
Gyeongeun: 그래서 자꾸 나오게 되네요.
Hyunwoo: So I keep coming outside. Great, how about a few more sample sentences? How do you say, I don’t want to watch it but I keep watching it.
Gyeongeun: 안 보고 싶은데 자꾸 보게 돼요.
Hyunwoo: How about I don’t want to go but I can’t help but keep going.
Gyeongeun: 안 가고 싶은데 가게 돼요.
Hyunwoo: And lastly how about, As a result of many things, I am going to be working here.
Gyeongeun: 여기에서 일하게 됐어요.

Outro

Hyunwoo: All right. That just about does it for today.
Gyeongeun: Ready to test what you just learned.
Hyunwoo: Make this lesson’s vocabulary stick by using lesson specific flash cards in the learning center.
Gyeongeun: There is a reason everyone uses flash cards.
Hyunwoo: They work.
Gyeongeun: They really do have memorization.
Hyunwoo: You can get the flash cards for this lesson at
Gyeongeun: KoreanClass101.com
Hyunwoo: Okay. We will see you at KoreanClass101.com.
Gyeongeun: 네, 안녕히 계세요.
Hyunwoo: 안녕히 계세요. 웹사이트에서 만나요.

Grammar

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16 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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여러분, "-게 되다"로 예문을 만들어 보세요. :)

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:59 PM
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Hello Uttam,


Thanks for posting! Let's take a look at what you wrote:


회의에 있는 동안, 놀라운 뉴스 듣게 돼요. -> 회의에 있는 동안 놀라운 뉴스를 듣게 됐어요. (past tense)

그래서, 지금 회사 그만두고 안 돼. -> 그래서 지금 회사를 그만두면 안 돼요.

그만두면, 집사람이 화나게 하다. -> 그만두면 집사람이 화낼 거예요. (future tense)

딱따하다, 그렇지? -> 힘들어요. 그렇죠?


Keep up the good work!


Kind regards,

Hyeon Yeong Seo

Team KoreanClass101.com

Uttam
Thursday at 02:26 PM
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안녕하세요.


회의에 있는 동안, 놀라운 뉴스 듣게 돼요. 그래서, 지금 회사 그만두고 안 돼. 그만두면, 집사람이 화나게 하다. 딱따하다, 그렇지?

While I was in a meeting, I (over)heard a surprising news. So, I cannot quit my job now! If I quit, my wife will get angry. It's hard, right?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 02:29 PM
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Hello Kasia,


Thanks for commenting, and I really appreciate your sample sentences!

너랑 매일 애기하는데 보고 싶게 돼.

>>너랑 매일 얘기하는데도 계속 생각나게 돼.

다이어트를 하고 있지만 절대 배고프게 돼근요!

>>다이어트를 하고 있지만 배고프다는 생각이 들지 않게 돼요!

>>But in this case, it is quite unusual that someone on a diet doesn't feel hungry, so the sentence would flow better if you tell the reason why ahead. For example, "I've been taking the proteins, so though I'm under a diet, I find I'm not hungry!" [단백질을 먹으니 다이어트를 하고 있지만 배고프다는 생각이 들지 않게 돼요!]


Hope it helped, and please let us know if you have any other questions!


Best,

Rebecca

Team KoreanClass101.com

Kasia
Monday at 08:22 PM
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너랑 매일 애기하는데 보고 싶게 돼. I talk to you every day but I miss you anyway.

다이어트를 하고 있지만 절대 배고프게 돼근요! I'm on a diet but I find I'm never hungry!


I probably got these wrong LOL.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 09:26 PM
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에이든씨 안녕하세요,


Let's take a look at what you wrote:


너랑 사랑에 빠지게 되네요. I really can’t help falling in love with you.

-->As you are using the polite sentence structure, you need to replace 너 with 당신:

당신과 사랑에 빠지게 되네요.


다른 것이 안 좋아하고 싶은데, 좋아하게 돼요. I don’t want to like sweet things but I can’t help it.

단 것 (sweet things)을 좋아하고 싶지 않은데, 좋아하게 돼요.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

에이든
Sunday at 07:06 AM
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너랑 사랑에 빠지게 되네요. I really can't help falling in love with you.

다른 것이 안 좋아하고 싶은데, 좋아하게 돼요. I don't want to like sweet things but I can't help it.

Thanks!

Aidin:sunglasses:

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 09:31 AM
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Hi 케이티,


저도요...:disappointed:


되요 -> 돼요


감사합니다.

Claire

Team KoreanClass101.com

케이티
Thursday at 03:17 PM
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다이어트 하고싶은데 과자 항상 먹게 되요. (I want to diet but I always end up eating snacks).


일찍 이러나고 싶은데 자꾸 늧게 자게 되요. (I want to get up early but I keep on sleeping late).

KoreanClass101
Saturday at 04:23 PM
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Hey KoreanClassers!



Thank you so much all for great try and the questions!:D


Liyana, very good try and here we go!


안영하세요 여러분~ 찰 지내세요? 오늘 재가 나쁜 습관을 들이를 말 거예요.

-> 안녕하세요 여러분~ 잘 지내세요? 오늘 제가 나쁜 습관에 대해 말 할 것이에요.

저는 녹차를 마시다 촣아요..근대 우리 친구가 알려 줐었어요..너무 녹차를 마시다 몸에 안 좋아요..그래도 저는 자꾸 마시게 되네요..

-> 저는 녹차를 마시는 것을 좋아해요. 그런데 제 친구가 알려 주었어요.. 너무 녹차를 마시면 몸에 안 좋다구요.. 그래도 저는 자꾸 마시게 되네요...

지금 재가 조금 줄이 노력해요

-> 지금 제가 조금 줄이려고 노력해요.



Peter, you also have very lovely story!


제가 버스에서 신경을 안 써서 지갑을 두고오게 됬어요.

-> 제가 버스에서 신경을 안 써서 지갑을 두고 오게 되었어요/됐어요.

어느 날에 저녁에는 서울에서 버스를 잡었는데 빈 자리가 없어서 어떤 아가씨옆에 앉게 됬어요. 그 여자와 제가 말 하기 시착했고 비슷한 관심이 있다고는 것을 깨딸았어요. 한마디로 말해서 우리가 사랑에 빠지게 됬고 오늘도 아직 같이 있어요.

-> 어느 날 저녁에 서울에서 버스를 탔는데 빈 자리가 없어서 어떤 아가씨 옆에 앉게 되었어요/됐어요. 그 여지와 저는 말하기 시작했고 비슷한 관심사가 있다는 것을 깨달았어요. 한마디로 말해서 우리가 사랑에 빠지게 됐고 오늘까지도 아직 같이 있어요.



카이, gotta really get the alarm to wake up for bit of work-out :P


자꾸 일찍 일하게 되는데, 아침에 졸려요. -> 자꾸 일해야 되는데 아침에 졸려요.

늦잠 자게 자면, 거러서 가보다 버스 타고 가게 돼요. -> 늦잠 자게 되면 걸어서 가기보다 버스 타고 가게 되요.

그래서, 자꾸 운덩을 좋치게 돼요. -> 그래서 자꾸 운동을 놓치게 되요.



Eric, haha you are very funny but such a beautiful marriage for sure :)


난 냉정한 판단 있는 사람이는데도 그 여자 진짜 미인 이였서 내가 바보 같도록 그를 자꾸 빤히 쳐다보게 됐어…아마…내 아내 이잖아!

-> 난 냉정한 판단력이 있는 사람인데도 그 여자는 정말 미인이어서 내가 바보같도록 그녀를 자꾸 빤히 쳐다보게 됐어... 어... 내 아내잖아!



소팟, you are enjoying a great life in Korea huh?:P really hard not to drink in Korea for sure!haha


술 안 마시고 싶은데 마시게 되요.

-> perfect!

담배 배우고 싶은데 배우게 되요.

-> 담배 배우고 싶어서 배우게 되었어요 or 담배 배우기 싫은데 배우게 되요.



For a reminder for all of you, I see the most of confusion comes from the ending particle,


되다: to become

되다 - 되었다/됐다 - 되었었다/됐었다


Basically double vowels here ㅐ only happens when the two characters are simplified to one.


Please make sure!:)




Thank you



Madison

Team KoreanClass101.com

소팟
Tuesday at 07:54 AM
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+ 술 안 마시고 싶은데 마시게 되요.

+ 담배 배우고 싶은데 배우게 되요.


여러분, 안녕하세요. 잘지내요? 오랜만이에요. 지금 한국에는 날시 너무 좋아요. 그럼 한국어 수업 가면 좋아요. 제가 지금 커피 안 좋아요. 커피 많이 마시면 건강 안 좋아요. 그럼 지금까지 조금 졸이세요. 그러지만 맥주 자꾸 마시게 되요. 맥주 많이 먹으면 건강또 안 좋아요. 그래서 맥주또 조금 졸이세요. 매일 점심 부터 커피 없으면 자주 졸려요. 그래서 어떻게 해요? :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye::stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: