Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

"Tim: 방가 방가 여러분, “Hello everyone”. This is Tim and I am joined in the studio by…
Debbie: 안녕하세요 여러분, “Hello everyone.” Debbie here. Today we are presenting Basic Bootcamp Part #2. What are we learning today Tim?
Tim: Today we are going over the “Basic Korean Sentence Structures”.
Debbie: “Basic Korean Sentence Structures?”
Tim: Yes, like…“I am Tim”, “I am Korean” and “I eat a meal”.
Debbie: Ah~~ that sounds really basic! So, we are learning how to say, “I am Debbie”, “I am American” and “I eat bread” in Korean, right Tim?
Tim: 딩.동.댕! Yes! Today we are going to learn about two basic Korean sentence structures known as S.C.V and S.O.V.
Debbie: Hmm…“S.C.V and S.O.V?”
Tim: Nothing to worry about, Debbie! I’ll explain it right after listening to some of the S.C.V sentences. Now let’s listen to the conversation.
(Authentic background sound please)
Tim: 안녕하세요, 저는 팀 입니다. 저는 한국사람 입니다.
Tim: Annyeonghaseyo, jeo-neun Tim imnida. Jeo-neun hanguksaram imnida.
Tim: “Hello, I am Tim. I am Korean.”
Debbie: 안녕하세요, 저는 데비 입니다. 저는 미국사람 입니다.
Debbie: Annyeonghaseyo, jeo-neun Debbie imnida. Jeo-neun miguksaram imnida.
Debbie: “Hello, I am Debbie. I am American.”
Debbie: Okay Tim. What do we mean by “S.C.V” sentence structure? What does “S.C.V” stand for?
Tim: Good question! “S” stands for “subject”, “V” stands for “Verb” and…
Debbie: Ah, I got it! And “C” stands for “Complement”. So, the “S.C.V sentence structure” means any sentence that is composed of “SUBJECT” + “COMPLEMENT” + “VERB”,right?
Tim: Correct.
Debbie: Hmm… but Tim, we use S.V.C sentence structure in English. For example, in the sentence, “I am Debbie”
Tim: Right. But, in Korean, we use “S.C.V sentence structure” instead. For example, “I am Debbie” in English becomes “저는 데비 입니다” in Korean
Debbie: So, the basic sentence structure in Korean is ""S.C.V"" – “Subject” “Complement” and “Verb” structure.
Tim: Yes. Let's use the example sentence“I am Tim”.
Debbie: Okay, so the order in Korean would be“I” – subject, “Tim” – complement, and “am” – verb.
Tim: That’s right! 저는 “I”, 팀 “Tim”, 입니다 “am”; therefore, 저는 팀 입니다. “I am Tim”.
Debbie: Okay, now let’s make sentences about our “Nationality”, such as “I am Korean” and “I am American”.
Tim: Sure! The same rule applies here! When you translate“I am Korean” into Korean, it becomes“I” 저는, “Korean” 한국사람, “am” 입니다; therefore, 저는 한국사람 입니다. “I am Korean”.
Debbie: Let me try it! So, the English sentence “I am American” becomes “I” 저는, “American” 미국사람, “am” 입니다; therefore, 저는 미국사람 입니다. “I am American.”
Tim: Great! Listeners, please repeat after Debbie, “I am American” is…
Debbie: 저는 미국사람 입니다.
[pause for three sec]
Debbie: Great! Now we know a bit more about basic Korean sentence structure.
Tim: Okay, Debbie. We just covered SCV. Now can you guess what “S.O.V” stands for?
Debbie: Hmm… “S” – subject, “O"" - object? and “V” – verb?
Tim: That's it! Let's listen to the next conversation.
Tim: 나는 밥을 먹는다. 나는 한국어를 공부한다.
Tim: Na-neun bob-eul meokneunda. Na-neun hangugeo-reul gongbuhanda.
Tim: “I eat a meal.” “I study Korean.”
Debbie: 나는 빵을 먹는다. 나는 영어를 공부한다.
Debbie: Na-neun bbang-eul meokneunda. Na-neun yeong-eo-reul gongbuhanda.
Debbie: “I eat bread.” “I study English.”
Debbie: Okay, Tim. Now I am sure that “S.O.V” stands for “S” – subject, “O” – object, and “V” – verb.
Tim: 딩.동.댕!
Debbie: In English sentence, we use “S.V.O sentence structure”. For example, in the sentence of “I study Korean”
Tim: But, in a Korean sentence, we use“S.O.V sentence structure” instead. For example, ""I study Korean” becomes “나는 한국어를 공부한다” in Korean
Debbie: So remember, Korean also uses ""S.O.V"" order – “Subject” “Object” and “Verb""! Listeners, please repeat after Tim, “I study Korean” is…
Tim: 나는 한국어를 공부한다
Debbie: Okay! So now that we've gone over that, Tim, let’s summarize today’s lesson.
Tim: Point #1…
Debbie: Korean uses the sentence structure“S.C.V” – Subject, Complement, and Verb.
Tim: For example, 저는 한국사람 입니다 “I am Korean.” Point #2…
Debbie: Korean also uses the sentence structure “S.O.V” – Subject, Object and Verb.
Tim: For example, 나는 한국어를 공부한다“I study Korean”.
Debbie: Okay, that’s all for today lesson. We hope that this lesson has helped you understand the basic Korean sentence structure!
Tim: Let us know how it went! Okay, 여러분 그럼 다음 시간에 만나요…
Debbie: See you next time! "

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KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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나는 한국어 공부해요.

KoreanClass101.com
Thursday at 10:26 pm
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Hi Faith,


Great to hear that you’re learning well with our lessons!


Let us know if you have any questions.👍


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team KoreanClass101.com

Faith
Thursday at 5:50 pm
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THURSDAY AT 4:34 PM

Always glad that am progressing I just cant to stop reading it's fun

Faith
Thursday at 4:34 pm
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Always glad that am progressing I just want to stop reading it's fun

KoreanClass101.com
Sunday at 5:29 pm
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Hi Rose,

@Rhea,


Thank you for studying with us!


Feel free to let us know if you have any questions.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team KoreanClass101.com

Rose Taylor
Sunday at 3:52 pm
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❤️️👍

Rhea
Sunday at 1:09 pm
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I already have a lot in my mind as of today and i am so happy that I can read simple korean sentences. :) thumbs up 👍to koreanclass101

KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 6:29 am
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Hi Elly,


Thanks for posting. Could you let us know which part was not included in the transcript so that we can make the necessary corrections?


Hi Ruth,


Thank you for the positive feedback, it means a lot to us! Please let us know if you have any questions.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com


Ruth
Sunday at 8:59 pm
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Thank you for these lesson audios! I have learned a lot so far.😄❤️️

Elly
Thursday at 10:49 pm
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on the last part it is not included in the transcript but still i learned a lot. thank youuu

KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 12:28 pm
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Hello Aya,


Thank you for posting.

Unfortunately, we don't have videos yet about the sentence structure, but you can search our other video lessons in the Lesson Library:

https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson-library/absolute-beginner


Cheers,

Lena

Team KoreanClass101.com