Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Debbie: Hello, and welcome back to the KoreanPOD101.com , the fastest, easiest and most fun way to learn Korean! I'm joined in the studio by...
Tim: Hello everyone. Tim here.
Tim: Hello everyone! Tim is here! And...
Debbie: 안녕하세요 ("Hello") 여러분, Debbie is here, too.
Tim: 데비씨. (Hey Debbie.)
Debbie: 네, 팀씨? (Yes, Tim?)
Tim: Do you know what this is?
Debbie: Of course! It's water! What do you think it is?
Tim: So... Can you say "it's water" in Korean?
Debbie: Hmm... (또박또박 clearly) 그것은 물입니다. It's easy!
Tim: 딩.동.댕! Okay. Now, can you make that a question? How do you say "is it water?" in Korean?
Debbie: Hmm.... Let me think... In English, we switch the order of the Subject and Verb... but in Korean, it's even easier than that to make a question, right?
Tim: Yes! That's what we are going to learn about today.
Debbie: How to turn a sentence into a question?
Tim: That's right!
Debbie: Great! Where does this conversation take place?
Tim: At an accessories shop - 악세사리 가게에서
Debbie: The conversation is between...
Tim: Sujin and the store staff - 수진과 가게 점원
Debbie: Since this conversation is between strangers, the speakers will use formal Korean.
Tim: 존댓말 입니다.
Debbie: Let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
(at the accessory shop)
(at the accessory shop)
Sujin: 이것은 무엇입니까?
Store staff: 그것은 가방입니다.
Sujin: 저것도 가방입니까?
Store staff: 아니요. 저것은 지갑입니다.
Sujin: 그럼, 이것은 무엇입니까?
Store staff: 그것은 핸드백입니다.
Sujin: 얼마입니까?
Store staff: 그 핸드백은 55,000 원입니다.
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Sujin: 이것은 무엇입니까?
Store staff: 그것은 가방입니다.
Sujin: 저것도 가방입니까?
Store staff: 아니요. 저것은 지갑입니다.
Sujin: 그럼, 이것은 무엇입니까?
Store staff: 그것은 핸드백입니다.
Sujin: 얼마입니까?
Store staff: 그 핸드백은 55,000 원입니다.
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
(at the accessory shop)
Debbie(At an accessories shop)
Sujin: 이것은 무엇입니까?
Debbie: What is this?
Store staff: 그것은 가방입니다.
Debbie: That's a bag.
Sujin: 저것도 가방입니까?
Debbie: Is that a bag too?
Store staff: 아니요. 저것은 지갑입니다.
Debbie: No. That's a wallet.
Sujin: 그럼, 이것은 무엇입니까?
Debbie: Then what's this?
Store staff: 그것은 핸드백입니다.
Debbie: That's a handbag.
Sujin: 얼마입니까?
Debbie: How much is it?
Store staff: 그 핸드백은 55,000 원입니다.
Debbie: That handbag costs fifty-five thousand won.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Debbie: Tim, do you carry a handbag with you?
Tim: No way! Why do you ask?...Ah-ha! I see why you brought up that question!
Debbie: Do you know what I'm talking about?
Tim: You must have seen some Korean guys carrying a handbag with them. That's why you asked, right?
Debbie: (놀라며 with surprise) Yes! Well, you know that I am from America and you have lived in Canada for a number of years. Men in America and Canada usually don't carry a handbag with them, but it's pretty common in Korea to see men carrying handbags.
Tim: I know what you are talking about... It is pretty common. Even my best friend in Korea carries a handbag with him. (강조하며 emphasizing)
Debbie: That was kind of a shock for me when I visited Korea for the first time, but it was nice to see a variety of fashion trends amongst Korean men.
Tim: 하하! You're right. In general, Korean people are easily influenced by celebrities and the media. When guys in Korea see their favorite Korean actors carrying a handbag on TV, it'll become the latest fad.
Debbie: Ah, so that must be why it's so common. It's like that in the states, too. The celebrities set the fashion trends.
Tim: Do you know what surprised me when I was in Canada?
Debbie: What?
Tim: Okay... Here are two hints - tissue and nose.
Debbie: 하하하~~ I get it! Many westerners keep a tissue in their pocket after wiping their nose, which Korean people usually wouldn't do. 하하.
Tim: That's right! Everyone does things a bit differently everywhere you go.
Debbie: (수긍하며 agreeing) You're right! If any of our listeners have been to Korea, was there anything like that that surprised you? Let us know in the comments! Okay. Let's move on to the lesson vocabulary.
VOCAB LIST
Debbie: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Tim: 이것 [natural native speed]
Debbie: this (proper, written form)
Tim: 이것 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 이것 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 무엇 [natural native speed]
Debbie: what
Tim: 무엇 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 무엇 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 그것 [natural native speed]
Debbie: that [proper, written form (close to the listener)]
Tim: 그것 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 그것 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 저것 [natural native speed]
Debbie: that [proper, written form (far from the listener)]
Tim: 저것 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 저것 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 가방 [natural native speed]
Debbie: bag
Tim: 가방 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 가방 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 아니요 [natural native speed]
Debbie: no
Tim: 아니요 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 아니요 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 지갑 [natural native speed]
Debbie: wallet, purse
Tim: 지갑 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 지갑 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 그럼 [natural native speed]
Debbie: then, if that is the case (contraction of 그러면)
Tim: 그럼 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 그럼 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 핸드백 [natural native speed]
Debbie: handbag, tote bag
Tim: 핸드백 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 핸드백 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 얼마 [natural native speed]
Debbie: how long, how much, how many
Tim: 얼마 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 얼마 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 원 [natural native speed]
Debbie: won (Korean currency unit)
Tim: 원 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 원 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: -도 [natural native speed]
Debbie: too, also
Tim: -도 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: -도 [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Debbie: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Debbie: The first word is...
Tim: 도. 도
Debbie: Meaning, "too, also or as well". The formation is...
Tim: Noun or particle + 도. For example, "me too" is...
Debbie: 나 is "me" and 도 is "too" , so it becomes 나도. How about "you, too"...?
Tim: 너 is "you" and 도 is "too" so, it becomes 너도.
Debbie: How would you say something like... "that is (강조하며) "also" a chair" in Korean?
Tim: First, let's start with the sentence "This is a chair" - 이것은 "this", 의자 "a chair", 입니다 "is"
Debbie: So... 이것은의자 입니다. "This is a chair"
Tim: Right. Now, "that is also a chair". Add the particle 도 after the word "that".
저것 "that" + 도 "also" + 의자 "a chair" + 입니다 "is", so altogether...
Debbie: 저것(강조하며 emphasizing) "도" 의자 입니다.
Tim: Yes! Listeners, please repeat both sentences after me.
"This is a chair" 이것은 의자 입니다
[pause]
"That is also a chair" 저것"도" 의자 입니다.
[pause]
Debbie: Great! Next we have...
Tim: 무.엇.입.니.까? - 무엇입니까?
Debbie: It's used when asking for the identity of the [noun]. [noun]+무엇입니까 means "what's the [noun]?" Let's practice with it. How about..."what is this?" in Korean?
Tim: "this" 이것은, "what is?" 무엇입니까? So "what is this?" becomes "이것은 무엇입니까?"
Please repeat after me. 이것은 무엇입니까?
[pause]
Debbie: Great! How about... "what is that?" in Korean?
Tim: "that" 저것은, "what is?" 무엇입니까? So "what is that?" becomes "저것은 무엇입니까?"
Please repeat after me. 저것은 무엇입니까?
[pause]
Debbie: Excellent! Now last we have...
Tim: 얼.마.입.니.까? - 얼마입니까?
Debbie: It's used when asking for the price of [Noun]. [noun]+얼마입니까 means "How much is the [noun]?" Let's practice with it. How about..."How much is this?" in Korean?
Tim: "this" 이것은, "how much is?" 얼마입니까? So "how much it this?" becomes 이것은 얼마입니까? Please repeat after me, 이것은 얼마입니까?
[pause]
Debbie: Great! How about..."How much is that?" in Korean?
Tim: "that" 저것은, "how much is?" 얼마입니까? So "how much is that?" becomes 저것은 얼마입니까? Please repeat after me. 저것은 얼마입니까?
[pause]
Debbie: Excellent! Now let's move on to the grammar point.

Lesson focus

Debbie: The focus of this lesson is about how to change a sentence into a question. Let's do this, Tim!
Tim: Okay! First, let's review Absolute Beginner Season 2 Lesson 2. In that lesson, we learned "Subject, I" 나는 / 저는 + "Noun"+ "is/am/are" 입니다. For example, with my name, 나는 팀 입니다 - "I am Tim". How about "He is Tim" in Korean, Debbie?
Debbie: 그는 "He" + 팀 "Tim" + 입니다 "is". So "He is Tim" becomes 그는 팀 입니다. How about "that is a bag" in Korean?
Tim: 저것은 "that"+ 가방 "a bag" + 입니다 "is". So "That is a bag" becomes 저것은 가방 입니다. Please repeat after me. 저것은 가방 입니다.
[pause]
Debbie: Tim, it's 누워서 떡먹기 "a piece of cake". Now let's learn about how to change a regular sentence like this into a question.
Tim: It's very easy. Unlike English, we don't have to switch the order of the subject and the verb. You simply...
Debbie: Simply... what?
Tim: You simply have to change 다 (da) into 까 (kka)
Debbie: So...Tim, what you are saying is that adding the ending 까 (kka) turns the sentence into a question?
Tim: Yup! That's what I mean!
Debbie: Okay! Let's do some practices. We just made the sentence "he is Tim" 그는 팀 입니다. Let's turn it into a question. So "Is he Tim?" in Korean is...
Tim: Simply replace 다 with 까. Therefore, "is he Tim?" becomes 그는 팀 입니"까?"
Debbie: Ah-ha! That sounds pretty easy! Let's take the sentence "that is a bag" and turn it into a question.
Tim: "That is a bag" is.. 저것은 가방입니다.
Debbie: And how do we say "is that a bag?"...?
Tim: Again, simply replace 다 with 까 . So "is that a bag?" becomes, 저것은 가방 입니"까?" Please repeat after me. 저것은 가방 입니까?
[pause]
Debbie: Great Now let's make some sentences that listeners can use in Korea.
Tim: Sounds good to me!
Debbie: Listeners, just imagine you are visiting Korea and you've just entered an accessories shop. How can you say, "what is that?" in Korean?
Tim: Remember "that" is 저것은 and "what is?" is 무엇입니까?
[pause]
Debbie: Tim, the answer is...
Tim: 저것은 무엇입니까? Please repeat after me, 저것은 무엇입니까?
[pause]
Debbie: (급하게 pushing him to answer fast) Now Tim, pretend you work at the store. Answer the question, Tim. Say anything!
Tim: (놀라며 with a bit surprise..) 어..어... anything... anything...
Debbie: Tim, we don't have time!
Tim: (급하게 without thinking through..) 저것은...저것은 팀 입니다! "That...that is Tim!"
Debbie: What? 하하. Tim! Your customer asks, "what is that?" and you answer "that's Tim?" 하하.
Tim: Sorry guys... as you can see, I can't think of things on the spot. Here's a real answer - 저것은 핸드백입니다 "That is a handbag."
Debbie: Good! Now guys, you want to know "whether this is also a handbag or not". Ask Tim, "Is this also a handbag?"
Tim: Remember "this" is 이것, "also" is 도, and add "까?" in the end.
[pause]
Debbie: Tim, the answer is...
Tim: 이것도 핸드백입니"까?" Please repeat after me, 이것"도" 핸드백 입니"까"?
[pause]
Debbie: Excellent! That's all for this lesson. Thanks for listening.
Tim: 여러분 다음시간까지 안녕~~!

Grammar

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36 Comments

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Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 09:25 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Vanita,


Thanks for posting. We checked the test that goes in hand with this lesson, and there are correct answers for both questions 3 and 4.

Please let us know if you have any other requires.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 12:41 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Vanita,


Thanks for posting. Could you be more specific (which level, etc) regarding the practice test, or provide a link?

Looking forward to hearing back from you.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Vanita
Tuesday at 07:59 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Practice test 15의 질문 3과 4는 답을 고를 suitable/ unique choice of options for answers 없습니다.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 03:40 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi deepanshi sharma!


Thank you for your posting.

Your name in Hangul would be 디판시(di-pan-shi) 샤르마(sha-reu-ma).

Don't hesitate to contact us if you have other question.

Thank you!


Best,

Jiye

Team KoreanClass101.com

deepanshi sharma
Monday at 02:34 PM
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Hello


I wanted to ask how can i write my name in korean- deepanshi sharma

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 10:52 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Aanya Dixit!


Thank you for your comment.

Your name in Hangul would be 아냐(ah-nia) 딕시트(dik-si-teu).

Feel free to ask if you have any other question. Thanks!


Best,

Jiye

Team KoreanClass101.com

Aanya Dixit
Sunday at 11:42 PM
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Hello

I wanted to ask how can i write my name in korean- Aanya Dixit

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 03:14 AM
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Hi Aubry,


Thank you for posting. Both are formal ways to ask how much something is, but 얼마예요 is informal-formal, and 얼마입니까 is formal (so it would be more formal). Having said that, both phrases work, although 얼마예요 is more widely used these days.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Aubry
Monday at 09:24 PM
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Hi!!!

I have enjoyed your lessons so far😆

I want to ask what is the difference between 얼마예요 and 얼마입니까, also when to use which one. Thanks 😊.

Koreanclass101.com Verified
Saturday at 01:15 PM
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Hi Reem,


Thanks for posting. 이 means 'this'. 것 means 'thing'. 거 is the shortened version of 것.

이거/이것(this(thing)) are basically the same phrase. 이 is not.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team Koreanclass101.com