Vocabulary (Review)

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Lesson Transcript

Hi everybody! Jae here. Welcome to Ask a Teacher, where I’ll answer some of your most common Korean questions.
The question for this lesson is…
How do I use 을 [eul] and 를 [reul]?
We use the object-marking particles 을 [eul] and 를 [reul] to mark the object of a sentence when it's attached to a noun. We attach 을 [eul] to nouns that end in consonants and attach 를 [reul] to nouns that end in vowels.
Let’s do some examples so you can learn how to use 을 [eul] and 를 [reul] correctly.
Let’s use the sentence 그들은 서울을 잘 모릅니다. [Geudeureun seoureul jal moreumnida.] as an example. It literally means "They don't know Seoul that well." Here, 서울 [seoul] "Seoul" acts as the object of this sentence. The word ends in a consonant, so we’ll use the object marking particle 을 [eul].
Let’s do one that ends in a vowel. 저는 한국어를 잘합니다. [Jeoneun hangugeoreul jalhamnida.] Literally, “I am good in Korean,” but more naturally, “My Korean is good.” Here, the object 한국어 [hangugeo] “Korean” ends in a vowel, so we need to use 를 [reul].
Let’s do another example with a consonant. Take 저는 그들을 잘 압니다. [Jeoneun geudeureul jal amnida.] meaning "I know them well." In this sentence, you can use the object marking particle 을 [eul] because the pronoun 그들 [gedeul] meaning "they" ends in a consonant.
How was this lesson? Hope that clears things up!
Please leave any more questions in the comments below and I’ll try to answer them!
See you next time. 다음 시간에 만나요. (Daeum-sigane mannayo.)