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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Hi everybody! Jae here. Welcome to Ask a Teacher, where I’ll answer some of your most common Korean questions.
The question for this lesson is…
How do I use 을 [eul] and 를 [reul]?
We use the object-marking particles 을 [eul] and 를 [reul] to mark the object of a sentence when it's attached to a noun. We attach 을 [eul] to nouns that end in consonants and attach 를 [reul] to nouns that end in vowels.
Let’s do some examples so you can learn how to use 을 [eul] and 를 [reul] correctly.
Let’s use the sentence 그들은 서울을 잘 모릅니다. [Geudeureun seoureul jal moreumnida.] as an example. It literally means "They don't know Seoul that well." Here, 서울 [seoul] "Seoul" acts as the object of this sentence. The word ends in a consonant, so we’ll use the object marking particle 을 [eul].
Let’s do one that ends in a vowel. 저는 한국어를 잘합니다. [Jeoneun hangugeoreul jalhamnida.] Literally, “I am good in Korean,” but more naturally, “My Korean is good.” Here, the object 한국어 [hangugeo] “Korean” ends in a vowel, so we need to use 를 [reul].
Let’s do another example with a consonant. Take 저는 그들을 잘 압니다. [Jeoneun geudeureul jal amnida.] meaning "I know them well." In this sentence, you can use the object marking particle 을 [eul] because the pronoun 그들 [gedeul] meaning "they" ends in a consonant.
How was this lesson? Hope that clears things up!
Please leave any more questions in the comments below and I’ll try to answer them!
See you next time. 다음 시간에 만나요. (Daeum-sigane mannayo.)


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KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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What Korean learning question do you have?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 09:49 PM
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Hi Aneesa,

Thanks for posting. We actually have a series on particles which will definitely help (and answer your question on object marking particles), please check it out:


Object marking particles are on lesson 3.



Team KoreanClass101.com

Friday at 11:58 PM
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Hi this is an awesome video! I have a question. I read online that sometimes object marking particles can only work if the verb is acting on the object. Like in some cases, it would be better to use the subject marking particles instead. Can you answer? Thank you! 감사함니다!

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 10:47 AM
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Hi Haru,

Thanks for posting. Yes, you would use the object marking particles eul/reul if there is more than one object.

Hello Lakshitha, Angel,

Thanks for the positive feedback, it means a lot to us!

Don't hesitate to let us know if you have any inquiries.



Team KoreanClass101.com

Angel Leon-Williams
Friday at 02:46 AM
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I love this class☺️

Thursday at 07:13 PM
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👍this class was good

Sunday at 01:47 PM
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hi, how if the sentence got 2 or more objects?

would all of them will attach with that "eul or rel"

pls reply on email thx😆