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Lesson Transcript

Keith: How Do You Speak Korean so Well? In this lesson you will learn how to ask "how".
Misun: 어떻게
Keith: This conversation takes place where?
Misun: At a martial arts center.
Keith: Okay. And the conversation is between…
Misun: A master and a student.
Keith: Okay. And the master will be speaking informal Korean.
Misun: 반말이요.
Keith: And the student will be speaking formal Korean.
Misun: 존댓말이요.
Keith: Let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

학생 차기 어떻게 해요?
사범님 이렇게... 흣!
학생 막기 어떻게 해요?
사범님 이렇게… 햐!
학생 던지기 어떻게 해요?
사범님 이렇게!
학생 캬!
English Host: One more time with the English.
학생 차기 어떻게 해요?
Keith: How do you kick?
사범님 이렇게... 흣!
Keith: Like this, heu!
학생 막기 어떻게 해요?
Keith: How do you block?
사범님 이렇게… 햐!
Keith: Like this, hya!
학생 던지기 어떻게 해요?
Keith: How do you throw?
사범님 이렇게!
Keith: Like this!
학생 캬!
Keith: Ah!
Misun: Keith, have you ever taken Taekwondo?
Keith: Nope. Not once in my life. But when I was a kid, I used to pretend that I did.
Misun: Why?
Keith: Because I liked to make people scared of me.
Misun: Oh, god.
Keith: But all the kids found out REAL quick that I never took any Taekwondo.
Misun: So the kids in America knew what Taekwondo is right?
Keith: Yeah, a lot of kids actually.
Misun: That's because Taekwond is an international sport. It's popular around the world.
Keith: Right. It's even an Olympic sport, which is huge.
Misun: I know. I’m so proud of it. Actually, it's the most popular martial arts in the world!
Keith: Exactly. Misun, let's describe Taekwondo a little bit for our listeners.
Misun: Well, it’s kicks, kicks, and kicks.
Keith: Yeah, that’s pretty much…
Misun: How about that?
Keith: That’s pretty much an accurate description. It’s just kicking. There’s a lot of kicking. But there's also a lot of discipline, mediation, philosophy and all that stuff, too.
Misun: That’s true. And, of course, lots of kicking again.
Keith: All right. Well, let's move onto the vocabulary. The first word we have is…
Misun: 어떻게 해요? [natural native speed]
Keith: How do you do it?
Misun: 어떻게 해요? [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 어떻게 해요? [natural native speed].
Keith: Next.
Misun: 이렇게 [natural native speed]
Keith: Like this, in this way.
Misun: 이렇게 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 이렇게 [natural native speed].
Keith: Next.
Misun: 막다 [natural native speed].
Keith: To stop, to prevent.
Misun: 막다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 막다 [natural native speed].
Keith: Next.
Misun: 차다 [natural native speed].
Keith: To kick.
Misun: 차다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 차다 [natural native speed].
Keith: Next.
Misun: 던지다 [natural native speed].
Keith: To throw.
Misun: 던지다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 던지다 [natural native speed].
Keith: All right. Well, let's have a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Misun: The first word we’ll look at is 이렇게.
Keith: Like this.
Misun: 이/렇/게.
Keith: We'll be focusing on how to ask "how to do something." So this word, 이렇게, would be a nice answer.
Misun: Yes. But there's also other variations, like 저렇게.
Keith: “Like that.” So, for example, if you're asking your teacher how to do something, she can actually show you and say...
Misun: 이렇게.
Keith: Like this.
Misun: Or she can point to someone else, and say, 저렇게.
Keith: “Like that.” Okay.
Misun: Great! Let's move on to our next word.
Keith: Okay. Well, let's look at the word for "how".
Misun: 어떻게.
Keith: This is part of our phrase, but we're going to take a look at it by itself.
Misun: 네. You can use 어떻게 when you're worried and you don't know what to do.
Keith: Right. If you're in a situation, and you have no idea what to do..
Misun: You can say, 어떻게!
Keith: And just a note. Using the word in this situation is pretty feminine.
Misun: Yea. Men don't really use 어떻게 in this scene often.
Keith: But women use it quite often. When they’re worried, they have no idea what to do, “Oh, what should I do?”
Misun: Like I said before, with the nuance 어떻게 해~.

Lesson focus

Keith: Right. All right. Well, what’s the focus of this lesson?
Misun: The focus of this lesson is the phrase 어떻게 해요?
Keith: And the phrase is translated as "how do I…” and you need a verb there.
Misun: 네. It's used to ask how a certain action is performed.
Keith: Yup, and the verb or action comes in front of the phrase.
Misun: Also, this phrase can be used on its own without anything specifics placed in front. We can say just, 어떻게 해요?
Keith: Oh, that’s right. In that case the verb or action is implied from context.
Misun: How about we breakdown the phrase?
Keith: Sure. 어떻게 해요 can be broken down into two separate words.
Misun: First is 어떻게 (eotteoke).
Keith: And that means “how.”
Misun: And next is 해요 (haeyo).
Keith: That means “do.” So literally the phrase means, "how" "do"
Misun: But the word 어떻게 (etteoke) can be used with verbs other than 해요.
Keith: Yea. You can simply replace the verb 해요 (haeyo), with different verbs.
Misun: 맞아요. For example 어떻게 먹어요?
Keith: How do I eat this or how do I eat it?
Misun: 어떻게 가요?
Keith: How do I go?
Misun: 어떻게 보내요?
Keith: How do I send it?
Misun: So 어떻게 stays in front, and then the verb after that changes.
Keith: Also, the phrase 어떻게 해요 (eotteoke haeyo), "how do I do it?" is in the standard politeness level.
Misun: But if you want to see the other politeness levels, you can check out the lesson note.
Keith: Okay, Misun, let’s check out some examples from this lesson.
Misun: 좋아요. First we have 차기 어떻게 해요?
Keith: "How do you kick?"
Misun: The student also asked, 막기 어떻게 해요?
Keith: How do you block?
Misun: And lastly, there was 던지기 어떻게 해요?
Keith: How do you throw?
Misun: And here are a few more sample sentences.
Keith: If I'm at the post office, I might want to ask, “how do I send letters?"
Misun: Sure. 편지 어떻게 보내요?
Keith: And there may be some interesting Korean food. I want to ask, "How do I eat silkworms?"
Misun: Eew. 번데기 어떻게 먹어요?
Keith: And this lesson is focusing on asking questions. Really quickly, how do we answer?
Misun: Just like in the dialogue, you can say 이렇게, and then show them!
Keith: Right. That means, "like this."
Misun: Yes.


Keith: All right. Well, that’s just about does it for today.


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