Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Misun: 안녕하세요. 여러분. KoreanClass101.com 입니다.
Keith: Hey, I’m Keith! Welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 9 - How Do You Speak Korean so Well? Hello, and welcome to the KoreanClass101.com, the fastest, easiest and most fun way to learn Korean!
Misun: I'm Misun, as you know. And thanks again for being here with us for this Absolute Beginner Season 1 lesson.
Keith: In this lesson you will learn how to ask "how".
Misun: 어떻게
Keith: This conversation takes place where?
Misun: At a martial arts center.
Keith: Okay. And the conversation is between…
Misun: A master and a student.
Keith: Okay. And the master will be speaking informal Korean.
Misun: 반말이요.
Keith: And the student will be speaking formal Korean.
Misun: 존댓말이요.
Keith: Let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

학생 차기 어떻게 해요?
사범님 이렇게... 흣!
학생 막기 어떻게 해요?
사범님 이렇게… 햐!
학생 던지기 어떻게 해요?
사범님 이렇게!
학생 캬!
English Host: One more time with the English.
학생 차기 어떻게 해요?
Keith: How do you kick?
사범님 이렇게... 흣!
Keith: Like this, heu!
학생 막기 어떻게 해요?
Keith: How do you block?
사범님 이렇게… 햐!
Keith: Like this, hya!
학생 던지기 어떻게 해요?
Keith: How do you throw?
사범님 이렇게!
Keith: Like this!
학생 캬!
Keith: Ah!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Misun: Keith, have you ever taken Taekwondo?
Keith: Nope. Not once in my life. But when I was a kid, I used to pretend that I did.
Misun: Why?
Keith: Because I liked to make people scared of me.
Misun: Oh, god.
Keith: But all the kids found out REAL quick that I never took any Taekwondo.
Misun: So the kids in America knew what Taekwondo is right?
Keith: Yeah, a lot of kids actually.
Misun: That's because Taekwond is an international sport. It's popular around the world.
Keith: Right. It's even an Olympic sport, which is huge.
Misun: I know. I’m so proud of it. Actually, it's the most popular martial arts in the world!
Keith: Exactly. Misun, let's describe Taekwondo a little bit for our listeners.
Misun: Well, it’s kicks, kicks, and kicks.
Keith: Yeah, that’s pretty much…
Misun: How about that?
Keith: That’s pretty much an accurate description. It’s just kicking. There’s a lot of kicking. But there's also a lot of discipline, mediation, philosophy and all that stuff, too.
Misun: That’s true. And, of course, lots of kicking again.
VOCAB LIST
Keith: All right. Well, let's move onto the vocabulary. The first word we have is…
Misun: 어떻게 해요? [natural native speed]
Keith: How do you do it?
Misun: 어떻게 해요? [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 어떻게 해요? [natural native speed].
Keith: Next.
Misun: 이렇게 [natural native speed]
Keith: Like this, in this way.
Misun: 이렇게 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 이렇게 [natural native speed].
Keith: Next.
Misun: 막다 [natural native speed].
Keith: To stop, to prevent.
Misun: 막다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 막다 [natural native speed].
Keith: Next.
Misun: 차다 [natural native speed].
Keith: To kick.
Misun: 차다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 차다 [natural native speed].
Keith: Next.
Misun: 던지다 [natural native speed].
Keith: To throw.
Misun: 던지다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 던지다 [natural native speed].
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Keith: All right. Well, let's have a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Misun: The first word we’ll look at is 이렇게.
Keith: Like this.
Misun: 이/렇/게.
Keith: We'll be focusing on how to ask "how to do something." So this word, 이렇게, would be a nice answer.
Misun: Yes. But there's also other variations, like 저렇게.
Keith: “Like that.” So, for example, if you're asking your teacher how to do something, she can actually show you and say...
Misun: 이렇게.
Keith: Like this.
Misun: Or she can point to someone else, and say, 저렇게.
Keith: “Like that.” Okay.
Misun: Great! Let's move on to our next word.
Keith: Okay. Well, let's look at the word for "how".
Misun: 어떻게.
Keith: This is part of our phrase, but we're going to take a look at it by itself.
Misun: 네. You can use 어떻게 when you're worried and you don't know what to do.
Keith: Right. If you're in a situation, and you have no idea what to do..
Misun: You can say, 어떻게!
Keith: And just a note. Using the word in this situation is pretty feminine.
Misun: Yea. Men don't really use 어떻게 in this scene often.
Keith: But women use it quite often. When they’re worried, they have no idea what to do, “Oh, what should I do?”
Misun: Like I said before, with the nuance 어떻게 해~.

Lesson focus

Keith: Right. All right. Well, what’s the focus of this lesson?
Misun: The focus of this lesson is the phrase 어떻게 해요?
Keith: And the phrase is translated as "how do I…” and you need a verb there.
Misun: 네. It's used to ask how a certain action is performed.
Keith: Yup, and the verb or action comes in front of the phrase.
Misun: Also, this phrase can be used on its own without anything specifics placed in front. We can say just, 어떻게 해요?
Keith: Oh, that’s right. In that case the verb or action is implied from context.
Misun: How about we breakdown the phrase?
Keith: Sure. 어떻게 해요 can be broken down into two separate words.
Misun: First is 어떻게 (eotteoke).
Keith: And that means “how.”
Misun: And next is 해요 (haeyo).
Keith: That means “do.” So literally the phrase means, "how" "do"
Misun: But the word 어떻게 (etteoke) can be used with verbs other than 해요.
Keith: Yea. You can simply replace the verb 해요 (haeyo), with different verbs.
Misun: 맞아요. For example 어떻게 먹어요?
Keith: How do I eat this or how do I eat it?
Misun: 어떻게 가요?
Keith: How do I go?
Misun: 어떻게 보내요?
Keith: How do I send it?
Misun: So 어떻게 stays in front, and then the verb after that changes.
Keith: Also, the phrase 어떻게 해요 (eotteoke haeyo), "how do I do it?" is in the standard politeness level.
Misun: But if you want to see the other politeness levels, you can check out the lesson note.
Keith: Okay, Misun, let’s check out some examples from this lesson.
Misun: 좋아요. First we have 차기 어떻게 해요?
Keith: "How do you kick?"
Misun: The student also asked, 막기 어떻게 해요?
Keith: How do you block?
Misun: And lastly, there was 던지기 어떻게 해요?
Keith: How do you throw?
Misun: And here are a few more sample sentences.
Keith: If I'm at the post office, I might want to ask, “how do I send letters?"
Misun: Sure. 편지 어떻게 보내요?
Keith: And there may be some interesting Korean food. I want to ask, "How do I eat silkworms?"
Misun: Eew. 번데기 어떻게 먹어요?
Keith: And this lesson is focusing on asking questions. Really quickly, how do we answer?
Misun: Just like in the dialogue, you can say 이렇게, and then show them!
Keith: Right. That means, "like this."
Misun: Yes.

Outro

Keith: All right. Well, that’s just about does it for today. Don’t forget to stop by KoreanClass101.com, and pick up the lesson notes.
Misun: 네.It has the conversation transcript
Keith: Vocab, sample sentences, a grammar explanation…
Misun: And a cultural insight section.
Keith: Seeing the Korean…
Misun: Really helps you remember faster.
Keith: But don't take our word for it, please have a look for yourself!
Misun: And let us know what you think!

Grammar

Korean Grammar Made Easy - Unlock This Lesson’s Grammar Guide

Easily master this lesson’s grammar points with in-depth explanations and examples. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

97 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters.

user profile picture
KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Everyone~

Have you ever learned 태권도"Taekwondo" ?

태권도 어떻게 해요?  (No 던지기 in 태권도*^^*)

user profile picture
KoreanClass101.com
Wednesday at 10:27 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Sahbunim,


Thanks for commenting, that is interesting to hear! Try practicing speaking with other Korean students if possible, and keep up the good work!


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

user profile picture
Sahbunim G
Sunday at 5:59 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hey guys....태권도 is very popular in Australia, but so is 합기도! I'm a 2nd Dan black belt in 합기도, which is partly how I came to study 한국어! I'm studying every day, as my goal is to be fluent. Keep up the great work !

Cheers,

G

user profile picture
KoreanClass101.com
Friday at 10:26 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Adi,


Thanks for posting. Let's take a look at what you wrote:


A: 맥주 마시 어떻게 해요 ? (How do I drink the beer?)

-->맥주를 어떻게 마셔요?


B: 천천히, 이렇게. (Slowly, like that.)

-->이렇게 천천히 마시면 됩니다.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

user profile picture
Adi
Sunday at 1:41 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello,

trying out the new vocabulary:

A: 맥주 마시 어떻게 해요 ? (How do I drink the beer?)

B: 천천히, 이렇게. (Slowly, like that.)


Thanks. It's nice to know how to an explanation in Korean :)

Adi



user profile picture
KoreanClass101.com
Saturday at 11:06 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi 에다,


Thanks for posting. To answer your question:


ㅏ – is used for verbs that have ㅏ or ㅗ as the last vowel in the verb stem.

ㅓ – is used for verbs that do not have ㅏ or ㅗ as the last vowel in the verb stem.

ㅕ – is used for 하다 (hada) verbs.


Hope this was of help.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

user profile picture
에다
Friday at 3:59 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi


You know meogeoyo and banaeyo? how to know which ending -eoyo or -aeyo? to add to the verb. I'm pretty sure I have seen someone ask something similar before but don't remember. Please clarify.


Gomawa!



user profile picture
KoreanClass101.com
Saturday at 1:10 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Teresa,


Glad to have you here!


Let us know if you have any questions.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team KoreanClass101.com

user profile picture
Teresa
Friday at 8:04 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Thank you for this lesson.

user profile picture
KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 3:53 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Donna,


Thank you for posting.


It seems the audio lesson is working well.


Could you check if you have a free lifetime account? Those who have the free lifetime account can access only up to lesson 3 for free. If you have a basic or premium membership, please let us know which error message you see on the screen. It’d be great if you could send us an email at contactus@KoreanClass101.com so that we can take a look at the issue closely.


Thank you,

Cristiane

Team KoreanClass101.com

user profile picture
donna
Thursday at 6:16 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

this lesson can not play.please check it thanks