Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Intro

Keith: Keith here! Welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 3 - We Don't Have Anything Warm for the Korean Winter. Hello, and welcome to the Absolute Beginner series at KoreanClass101.com, where we study modern Korean in a fun, educational format!
Misun: So, brush up on the Korean that you started learning long ago, or start learning today.
Keith: Thanks for being here with us for this lesson. Misun, what are we looking at in this lesson?
Misun: In this lesson, we are looking at shopping for clothes.
Keith: Okay. And this conversation takes place where?
Misun: At a department store.
Keith: Okay. And the conversation is between…
Misun: A customer and a worker.
Keith: And the speakers are strangers, therefore the speakers will be speaking formal Korean.
Misun: ì¡´ë
Keith: Well, let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

손님 목도리 있어요?
직원 없어요.
손님 장갑 있어요?
직원 없어요.
손님 겨울 모자 있어요?
직원 손님... 여기 하와이입니다.
Keith: One more time, slowly.
손님 목도리 있어요?
직원 없어요.
손님 장갑 있어요?
직원 없어요.
손님 겨울 모자 있어요?
직원 손님... 여기 하와이입니다.
Keith: One more time with the English.
손님 목도리 있어요?
Keith: Do you have scarves?
직원 없어요.
Keith: No, we don't.
손님 장갑 있어요?
Keith: Do you have gloves?
직원 없어요.
Keith: No, we don't.
손님 겨울 모자 있어요?
Keith: Do you have winter hats?
직원 손님... 여기 하와이입니다.
Keith: Miss, this is Hawaii.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Misun: Hawaii, wow. 너무 좋겠어요.
Keith: Yeah, I would love to be in Hawaii. But this person is asking for some winter clothes. Maybe she thinks this is Korea. Misun, what's winter in Korea like?
Misun: 너무 추워요! It’s really, really freezing out there in Korea.
Keith: It’s super cold.
Misun: I know. You know, when I was very young, I always shivered with cold all the time. I don’t know why. I’ve been layered and layered but it didn’t help.
Keith: Well, you know, I’m from New York, and New York can get pretty cold, too, but like Korea, no way, man. I don’t know what it is. I think it’s the mountains. There’s tons and tons of mountains in Korea, so air gets really pushed down, I guess, to…
Misun: Maybe.
Keith: …to the city sometimes, I guess.
Misun: Yeah, that explains it.
Keith: But also, I feel like when we’re in Korea, the wind is kind of like…
Misun: Stabbing.
Keith: Yeah, yeah, yeah. Really, very funny.
Misun: Right.
Keith: It is. The air…I mean, temperature-wise, it might not be that different from other places, but the air feels different there.
Misun: Right, right.
Keith: I don’t know what it is, though.
Misun: That’s true. And we also have lots of snow in winter.
Keith: Yeah. There’s definitely a lot of snow too. But what do you think about the cleaning system? I guess…does the Korean government do a good job of cleaning up the snow?
Misun: Well, not that I know out.
Keith: Yeah, that’s correct, too. So if it snows, there’s going to be a lot of snow on the street. I mean…
Misun: Right.
Keith: Not cleaned up that much.
Misun: Not really. Maybe some of the, like, mountain area that they should do it, but not in the urban environment.
Keith: Yeah.
Misun: Yeah.
Keith: I guess Korea is a great place to go if you’re a winter lover.
Misun: Sure. Sure. Lovely. Yeah.
VOCAB LIST
Keith: All right. Well, talking about this is making me too cold, so let’s move onto the vocabulary.
Misun: Sure.
Keith: The first word we’re going to take a look at is…
Misun: 목도리 [natural native speed]
Keith: Scarf
Misun: 목도리 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 목도리 [natural native speed]
Keith: Next.
Misun: 장갑 [natural native speed].
Keith: Gloves.
Misun: 장갑 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 장갑 [natural native speed]
Keith: Next?
Misun: 겨울 [natural native speed]
Keith: Winter.
Misun: 겨울 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 겨울 [natural native speed].
Keith: Next?
Misun: 모자 [natural native speed].
Keith: Hat.
Misun: 모자 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 모자 [natural native speed].
Keith: After that…
Misun: 손님 [natural native speed]
Keith: Customer, guest.
Misun: 손님 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 손님 [natural native speed].
Keith: And finally…
Misun: 하와이 [natural native speed].
Keith: Hawaii.
Misun: 하와이 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 하와이 [natural native speed].
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Keith: All right. Well, let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Misun: The first word/phrase we’ll look at is 목도리.
Keith: And that’s a scarf.
Misun: 목/도/리 - 목도리
Keith: Okay, and this is pretty straight forward. It’s a scarf.
Misun: Yes, but a lot of times, Korean people will also call it a muffler.
Keith: Right. What's the Korean pronunciation for that?
Misun: 머/플/러. 머플러.
Keith: Or you know what, you can actually just say 스카프!
Misun: 그러네요. That's right.
Keith: So what are the three ways we can say scarf in Korean?
Misun: 목도리, 스카프, and 머플러.
Keith: Misun, which one do you hear more?
Misun: I hear more often either 목도리 or 스카프.
Keith: Really? I actually hear 머플러 more often.
Misun: Really?
Keith: I think what is, it’s older Korean people would say머플러 and the Korean that I know is from my parent’s generation, I guess.
Misun: Right.
Keith: So…
Misun: Or maybe, like, female just goes with the scarf much often and 머플러 goes to with the man’s scarf.
Keith: Really?
Misun: Yeah.
Keith: I don’t know, but…
Misun: I don’t know. You know, it’s really no really distinguishable, but somehow I got that kind of definition.
Keith: Well, in any case, all three of those are pretty much the same thing in Korean.
Misun: Right.
Keith: They all means scarf. All right, what’s our next word?
Misun: Our next word is 손님.
Keith: Customer.
Misun: 손/님. 손님. It can also mean a guest as well.
Keith: Yeah. So if you're coming over my house for dinner, I would call you a 손님.
Misun: 네. Not directly to your guest!
Keith: Right, but when I'm referring to dinner at my house, I would say, “I'm having guests at my house.”
Misun: 오늘 손님이 와요.
Keith: Yeah. And I wouldn't directly call you 손님. Directly, I would call you 미선 씨, maybe even 미선 누나 ^^
Misun: Okay. Now all the listeners know I’m older than Keith. Great job, Keith.
Keith: Not that much older. But when I'm talking about you to other people, you would be a 손님.
Misun: But if you go to a store, and you're a customer, people would call you 손님 directly.
Keith: Right. Like in this conversation!
Misun: 네. The worker said 손님... 여기 하와이입니다.
Keith: “Customer, this is Hawaii.” Since they don't know what to call you, they'll directly call you 손님.
Misun: Okay. Well Keith, let's take a look at our grammar.
Keith: 좋아요.

Lesson focus

Misun: The focus of this lesson is 없다 (eopta)
Keith: Okay, so 없다 (eoptda) is the verb that expresses "to not exist."
Misun: Don't confuse this with the negative Korean copula 아니다 (anida),
Keith: Right. That word means "to not be."
Misun: 없다 is used to express absence, or lack of possession.
Keith: Misun, that’s too much grammar! Come one!
Misun: Okay. Oops, sorry.
Keith: Well in this lesson, 없다 (eoptda) is used to express the lack of possession, meaning, I don't have.
Misun: For example, 목도리 없어요.
Keith: I don't have a scarf.
Misun: If you noticed, the object comes first.
Keith: Yup. And then the verb 없다.
Misun: But of course, you don't need an object if you know what you guys are talking about.
Keith: Okay. For example?
Misun: If you're at a store, and you're asking for some gum.
Keith: Okay, and if you ask for gum, everyone knows you’re talking about. You’re talking about gum.
Misun: So instead of gum 검 없어요, you can drop gum 검 and just to say 없어요.
Keith: And that means we don’t have it. Okay. So let's go over 없다, which is the dictionary form.
Misun: 네. In conversational Korean, you should say 없어요
Keith: And if we were talking with our close friends, how do we say that casually?
Misun: Just drop 요 at the end. You can say 없어.
Keith: Okay. Can we have some examples?
Misun: Sure. 핸드폰 없어요.
Keith: I don't have a cell phone.
Misun: 돈이 없어요.
Keith: I don't have money.
Misun: So just remember. The object is in front
Keith: And the verb 없다 comes at the end.
Misun: Or you can just say 없어요 if everyone knows what you're talking about, all right?

Outro

Keith: All right. Well, that’s just about does it for today.
Misun: Ready to test what you just learned?
Keith: Make this lesson's vocabulary stick by using lesson specific flashcards in the learning center.
Misun: There is a reason everyone uses flashcards.
Keith: They work.
Misun: They really do help memorization.
Keith: You can get the flashcards for this lesson at…
Misun: KoreanClass101.com.
Keith: All right. We’ll hope to see everyone there. Bye-bye!
Misun: Okay. Bye, 안녕히 계세요.

Grammar

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195 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hello Everyone, Did you laugh at the last line?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 10:11 PM
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Hi Alyssa,


Thanks for posting. If there are two ㄹs back to back (one batchim followed by ㄹ), you would use 'll'. At the beginning of a word it is usually 'L', and in between syllables you would usually see it romanized as 'r' (There are exceptions of course, but it is good to know the basics). Example:


몰라 (molls)

리스본 (liseubon)

그랬어 (geuraesseo)


Hope this helped.

Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Alyssa
Thursday at 09:08 AM
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I mean L whoops haha 😄

Alyssa
Thursday at 09:04 AM
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Hello,


I had a question...

How do I know when to use i or r for ㄹ? I am stuck with ㄹ

Thank you!! ❤️️🥰❤️️


Alyssa

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 10:58 PM
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Hi Habeeba,


You're welcome! Please let us know if you have any questions.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Habeeba shifana
Tuesday at 11:26 AM
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네..감사합니다...koreanclass101.com🇰🇷🇰🇷🥰🥰

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 03:48 AM
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Hi Ula,


Thank you for commenting. That could be the case!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Ula
Tuesday at 04:09 AM
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Could the temperature being different be due to air humidity? If the air is more humid, temperatures could be felt more acutely - i think, not too sure haha. Thx for the lesson!

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 12:12 PM
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Hi SIDRA BATOOL!


Thank you for your comment.

Your name in Hangul would be 시드라(si-deu-ra) 바툴(ba-tul).

Please let us know if you have any other question.

We'll be happy to help you out. Thanks!


Best,

Jiye

Team KoreanClass101.com

SIDRA
Wednesday at 06:49 PM
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My full name is SIDRA BATOOL Can you tell me what will be my korean name? I think 🤔 every name has its own korean name? Is that true?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 10:09 PM
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Hi Reem,


Thanks for posting. To answer your question, spring is 봄 and autumn is 가을.

Study hard!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com