Vocabulary (Review)

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Lesson Transcript

Keith: Please Don't Say That in Korean! In this lesson, you will learn how to…
Misun: Ask someone not to do something, like 하지마세요.
Keith: This conversation takes place…
Misun: On the phone.
Keith: And the conversation is between…
Misun: Two lovers breaking up.
Keith: Oh, so sad. Well, the speakers will be speaking formal Korean.
Misun: 존댓말.
Keith: Well, let’s listen in to today’s dialogue.

Lesson conversation

규진:전화하지 마세요.
규진:연락하지 마세요.
예슨:안 돼요.
규진:저를 좋아하지 마세요.
English Host: One more time, with the English.
규진:전화하지 마세요.
Keith: Please don't call.
Keith: Why?
규진:연락하지 마세요.
Keith: Please don't contact me.
예슨:안 돼요.
Keith: No...
규진:저를 좋아하지 마세요.
Keith: Please don't like me.
Keith: *sniff*
Misun: This sounds like a Korean drama, like a soap opera.
Keith: Yes, it definitely does.
Misun: And it sounds overly dramatic. I can’t stand it.
Keith: But you what, isn’t that what Korean dramas are all about? Being overly dramatic, over the top?
Misun: That’s true. Somehow, I don’t know why, but it’s like too much drama going on there.
Keith: Yeah.
Misun: Yes.
Keith: Well, what about real life? What about the way Korean people fall in love or even break up? Do you think it's overly dramatic?
Misun: Well, I’m not quite sure. You know, when I break up with someone, I usually say simple, like just, “Don’t contact. I’m done.” Something like that. So I don’t go over dramatic like, “Don’t contact me!”
Keith: My person opinion is, I think, people in Korea are pretty dramatic. And sometimes, what it seems to me is that people are always…they’re acting like they’re in a Korean drama.
Misun: Really?
Keith: Yeah, that’s what I see. I see people waiting outside someone’s house for hours in the cold, it’s snowing, waiting.
Misun: You know, I’ve never had that kind of guy who stands in front of my house. I feel sad now.
Keith: You’re dating the wrong guys.
Misun: Right.
Keith: You need more passion and drama in your life.
Misun: So sad.
Keith: Too much drama over here.
Keith: Okay. Well, let’s take a look at the vocab for this lesson. The first word we have is…
Misun: 전화하다 [natural native speed].
Keith: To call.
Misun: 전화하다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 전화하다 [natural native speed].
Keith: Next is…
Misun: 마세요 [natural native speed]
Keith: Please don't.
Misun: 마세요 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 마세요 [natural native speed].
Keith: Next.
Misun: 왜 [natural native speed]
Keith: Why.
Misun: 왜 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 왜 [natural native speed].
Keith: Next.
Misun: 연락하다 [natural native speed]
Keith: To contact, to keep in touch.
Misun: 연락하다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 연락하다 [natural native speed].
Keith: Next is…
Misun: 안 돼 [natural native speed].
Keith: No. I can't. You shouldn't.
Misun: 안 돼 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 안 돼 [natural native speed]
Keith: Finally…
Misun: 좋아하다 [natural native speed].
Keith: To like.
Misun: 좋아하다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 좋아하다 [natural native speed].
Keith:Okay. Well, let's take a look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Misun: The first word we’ll look at is 연락하다.
Keith: To contact.
Misun: 연/락/하/다. 연락하다.
Keith: Okay. And this word means “to contact.”
Misun: So that means any form of contact.
Keith: Yup. That means phone calls, e-mails, text messages... anything.
Misun: Yes. So if I meet some new friends, I can tell them, 연락하세요!
Keith: “Please contact me.” And again, that means anything- phone calls, e-mails, text messages, any form of contact.
Misun: Once again, that's 연/락/하/세/요. 연락하세요.
Keith: And if you're with some close friends or people you can be casual with, you can say what?
Misun: 연락해~
Keith: Well, what's our next word?
Misun: Our next word is, 안 돼요.
Keith: And this means, "no, i can't" or "no, you shouldn't."
Misun: Basically, when you want to say that, you're not agreeing with the statement.
Keith: Yes. For example, how did it come out in this conversation?
Misun: 규진 said, 연락하지 마세요.
Keith: “Please don’t contact me.” And then 예슨, she replied...
Misun: 안 돼요.
Keith: And this is of course, is saying, "No, you can't" or "No you shouldn't."
Misun: Okay. Let’s take a look at the focus of this lesson.

Lesson focus

Misun: The focus of this lesson is -지 마세요
Keith: As in, "please don't"
Misun: -지 마세요 is used to tell someone not to do something.
Keith: Yup. It's the negative imperative.
Misun: 맞아요. In this lesson, we'll focus on two different politeness levels. -지 마 and -지 마세요.
Keith: Okay. First, we can take a look at the formation.
Misun: Yup. Just take the verb stem and add -지 마세요 (-ji maseyo) to the end.
Keith: For example, what's the verb “to wait?”
Misun: 기다리다
Keith: And the verb stem is?
Misun: 기다리-
Keith: And then, we just add the construction, -지 마세요 to the end.
Misun: So it becomes 기다리지 마세요.
Keith: “Please don't wait.”
Misun: 기다리지 마세요.
Keith: But we don't want to focus too much on the construction.
Misun: Yeah. So we should go over some sample sentences.
Keith: I agree. Let’s go over a few that may be useful. How about for our English teachers in Korea? "Don't be noisy in class" or "Please be quiet in class." How do you say that?
Misun: You can say, 떠들지 마세요.
Keith: Literally, we translate that phrase as, “Please don't be noisy in class.” But, of course, that's saying "Please, be quiet."
Misun: Or if someone is doing something you don't want them to do, you can say 하지 마세요.
Keith: “Please don't do that.”
Misun: That can also be useful for our teachers.
Keith: Or someone who's bothering you. How about for some of our lovers? Some people who are madly in love? They can't see their boyfriends or girlfriends leave...
Misun: Then you can say, 가지 마세요.
Keith: “Please don't go.”
Misun: Or the opposite, 오지 마세요.
Keith: “Please don't come.”
Misun: That can be for some ex-lovers, right?
Keith: Waiting outside of your door. Yeah.
Misun: Right.
Keith: And of course, this one can be useful anytime, "Please don't be late."
Misun: Then you can say, 늦지 마세요.
Keith: Now, let's go over some examples from this dialogue.
Misun: Sure. Since it was a break up, the guy was telling the girl not to do a lot of things.
Keith: Yeah. The first was "Please don't call."
Misun: 전화하지 마세요.
Keith: And the next one was more general, "Please don't contact me."
Misun: 연락하지 마세요.
Keith: And finally it was a little heart-breaking, “Please don't like me.”
Misun: 저를 좋아하지 마세요.
Keith: Well I think we can end better than that sentence.
Misun: Yeah. It's a bit too depressing.
Keith: So how about telling our listeners to don't forget?
Misun: 잊지마세요.
Keith: Don't forget to study Korean!
Misun: All right! 한국어 공부를 잊지마세요!


Keith: Okay. Well, that just about does it for today. Bye!
Misun: 공부 잊지 마세요! Bye!


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