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Lesson Transcript

Keith: I was Speaking Korean, So I Impressed Her. In this lesson, you will learn how to do what?
Misun: To give excuses using 아-서. / 아서
Keith: This conversation takes place where?
Misun: At the office in the morning.
Keith: All right. That’s a good time and good place for a lot of excuses. The conversation is between who?
Misun: Anne and her boss.
Keith: And they’re at the workplace, so of course, they'll be speaking formal Korean.
Misun: 네 존댓말이요.
Keith: Let’s listen in to today’s conversation.
Misun: 네.

Lesson conversation

사장님:앤 씨…안녕하세요.
Ann: 늦어서 죄송합니다.
Ann: 비가 와서…
Ann: 교통이 막혀서…
Ann: 죄송합니다!
English Host: One more time, with the English.
사장님:앤 씨…안녕하세요.
Keith: Ann...hello.
Ann: 늦어서 죄송합니다.
Keith: I'm late, so I'm sorry.
Keith: Hmm...
Ann: 비가 와서…
Keith: It was raining, so...
Keith: Yeah....
Ann: 교통이 막혀서…
Keith: There was traffic, so...
Keith: Hmm...
Ann: 죄송합니다!
Keith: I'm sorry!
Misun: And being late to work.
Keith: Misun…
Misun: I do sometimes often.
Keith: Yeah, I know what you mean. It happens with everyone at some point, right?
Misun: 네, 그렇죠.
Keith: But Misun, instead of making up excuses as to why we might be late to work... in Korea, are there a lot of delays on the subway?
Misun: Not really. For the most part the subways are very consistent. They're almost always on time.
Keith: But many people take the bus to work too, right?
Misun: Right, that's where you might be late.
Keith: For the most part, the bus is efficient and reliable, but there can always be traffic on the streets, right?
Misun: Yup. So sometimes you might be waiting 30 minutes to an hour for a bus, and then all of a sudden, there will be 4 or 5 buses, one right after another.
Keith: Yeah. And I hate it when that happens!
Misun: I know. It’s just frustrating. When that happens, and the bus drivers know that there's a few buses right behind, he might just pass by your stop.
Keith: Right. So if you’re waiting a long time and you finally see the bus, and you wave it down but it just passes by, he’s doing it on purpose because he knows there’s a couple of buses behind.
Misun: I know, but still…well, what if all the buses think the same thing and they all pass by?
Keith: Well, that means you’re in trouble.
Misun: I know.
Keith: Well, there's always taxis.
Misun: It happens a lot to me, that’s why I’m so upset.
Keith: Well, there’s taxis, right?
Misun: Right.
Keith: All right. Well, take a look at the vocab for this lesson.
Misun: Okay.
Keith: The first word we have is…
Misun: 늦다 [natural native speed]
Keith: To be late
Misun: 늦다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 늦다 [natural native speed].
Keith: Next is…
Misun: 죄송합니다 [natural native speed]
Keith: I'm sorry. (polite)
Misun: 죄송합니다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 죄송합니다 [natural native speed]
Keith: Next is…
Misun: 비 [natural native speed]
Keith: Rain.
Misun: 비 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 비 [natural native speed]
Keith: After that…
Misun: 오다 [natural native speed]
Keith: To come.
Misun: 오다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 오다 [natural native speed].
Keith: Next…
Misun: 교통
Keith: Transportation.
Misun: 교통 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 교통[natural native speed].
Keith: And finally…
Misun: 막히다 [natural native speed]
Keith: To be clogged, to be blocked (with traffic).
Misun: 막히다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 막히다 [natural native speed]
Keith: All right. Well, let's have a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Misun: The first word we’ll look at is....
Misun: 죄송합니다.
Keith: I'm sorry.
Misun: This is "I'm sorry" in the politest form.
Keith: Yeah, there's a few other ways to say sorry, but this is the most polite.
Misun: 네. But if you're with your close friend, this is too polite to use.
Keith: That's right. In that case you would use the informal version, which sounds different than 죄송합니다
Misun: Right.The informal version is 미안해.
Keith: Okay. And again, this should be used with very close friends.
Misun: And in other situations, you can use 미안해요.
Keith: Yup, you can add 요 at the end to make it a little more polite.
Misun: But 죄송합니다 is the most polite, as we said.
Keith: And usually, when you're sorry, you want to be the most polite, right?
Misun: So using 죄송합니다 would be the safest to use unless it's someone very close to you.
Keith: All right. Well, let’s take a look at our next phrase.
Misun: 네. Well, in Korean it's a phrase 비가 오다.
Keith: Right. And that means “it's raining.”
Misun: But literally, it means “rain is coming.”
Keith: Okay. The first part?
Misun: 비
Keith: Means “rain”. And the second part...
Misun: 오다.
Keith: Means “comes”. So literally, it's “rain is coming.”
Misun: Yes. So whenever you say it's raining, you have to say that the raining is coming.
Keith: You can also say that rain is falling as well.
Misun: Sure 비가 내리다 versus 비가 오다.
Keith: But "rain is coming" 비가 오다 is more general and commonly used.
Misun: 네 맞아요.

Lesson focus

Keith: Okay. Well, let’s move on to the focus of this lesson.
Misun: The focus of this lesson is either 아서, 어서, 여서.
Keith: And this grammatical structure gives a cause or reason for a something.
Misun: Yea, So just like in this lesson's dialog, if you're late and what to give a reason, you use this.
Keith: So naturally, it's translated as "so" or "because" in English.
Misun: 네. And usually, you need two things, the reason or the cause, right? And then a statement after that. For example, you can 늦어서 죄송홥니다.
Keith: Okay. And that's literally, “I'm late, so I'm sorry.”
Misun: The first part is 늦어서....
Keith: I'm late so...
Misun: And after that is 죄송합니다.
Keith: “I'm sorry.” So altogether it's “I'm late so I'm sorry.” / And of course, we translated it as ‘I’m sorry. I’m late.”
Misun: But a lot of times, you don't need the second line.
Keith: Right, many times you can infer from context what the speaker is trying to say.
Misun: 네. For example, if you're at a birthday party, and I’m really quiet and I look really tired, I can say, 늦게 자서.
Keith: I slept late so...
Misun: And you don't have to say anything after that.
Keith: Right you can infer from context, “I slept late so...” the thing you’re inferring is “I’m tired.”
Misun: Right. If someone asks me, “why do you look so sick?”
Keith: Well I can give them a reason, "I drank alcohol yesterday so..."
Misun: 술 마셔서...
Keith: And the rest of the sentence is open ended. It's okay because a lot of times, you're answering questions.
Misun: 좋아요! How about, 피곤해서...
Keith: I'm tired so..." And again, I'm giving you the reason. “I'm tired so....”
Misun: How about we take a look at some examples from this dialogue?
Keith: Sure! First Anne said, “I'm sorry I'm late,” but more literally it can be translated as "I'm late so I'm sorry."
Misun: 늦어서 죄송합니다.
Keith: And now she's just giving some excuses, giving her boss some reasons. For example, "It was raining so..."
Misun: 비가 와서…
Keith: Next, “There was traffic so...”
Misun: 교통이 막혀서…
Keith: And for myself, 저는 졸려서...
Misun: Aw, you're tired?
Keith: Yeah. So…
Misun: Me, too.
Keith: So I guess we’re going to have to leave.
Misun: Okay.
Keith: I hope our listeners don't mind if we end over here.
Misun: Right.


Keith: Well, that just about does it for today. Bye-bye!
Misun: 안녕히 계세요, 여러분.


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Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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한국영화하고 한국음악을 좋아해서 한국어를 공부해요. 그리고 한국친구 있어서 한국어를 잘 말하고 싶어요. ^-^ 한국에 다시 가면 한국어 꼭 잘 하고 싶어서 죽겠어요 !

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 08:53 PM
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Hello Tamara,

하다 is the only verb that becomes 해 due to contraction.

You can used this for positive statements. For example:

나는 행복해서 너를 불렀어. = I was happy, so I called you.

Enjoy your study and feel free to let us know if you have any inquiries!

Kind regards,

Hyeon Yeong Seo

Team KoreanClass101.com

Monday at 06:52 AM
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"For verbs or adjectives that end in 하다, 하 becomes 해 due to a contraction with 하 and 여"

Does this contraction happen only with 하다? Or are there other times? I think I've seen it elsewhere, but I can't recall which lesson it might have been in.

Also, can you use this construction of 서 for positive statements? "I was happy, so I called you." Or something like that.



KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 01:24 AM
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Hi Jeremy,

Thanks for posting. If you're telling someone that you're late for something, it would be:

늦었어. (I'm late)/늦을 거 같아.(I think I'm going to be late)

Hope this helped!



Team KoreanClass101.com

Monday at 10:10 AM
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Hi. Is this correct? To say I'm late without including so is just 늦어 or 늦어요. Please advise. Thanks!

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 06:52 AM
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안녕하세요 viv,

Thank you for your remark! I will forward it to our team. 😇

If you have any further feedback or questions, we are glad to assist.

Good luck with your language studies.

Kind regards,

레벤테 (Levente)

Team KoreanClass101.com

Tuesday at 07:13 PM
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Hello Mi Sun, hi Keith,

I loved Dee Dee's question: How do I know which one to use 아, 어, 여?

Perhaps you could incorporate your comprehensive response within the Lesson Notes. It would make it so much easier to have everything in one place, rather than having to drill down the comments to find it.

Thank you! I love your bright, happy voices. The laughter is altogether infectious.

Take care!



KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 03:31 PM
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Hi Kon,

Thanks for posting. Some phrases you can use to say 'rain is coming/it is raining' would be:

비가 오고 있어요.

비가 와요.

비가 내리고 있어요.

비가 내려요.



Team KoreanClass101.com

Sunday at 01:56 PM
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Hello, so I have a question which might sound funny,

but which phrase do we use if we want to say that it is about to rain? I mean we use the phrase that means "rain is coming" when we want to say that it is raining.. do we use the same one?

Thank you😊

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 09:41 PM
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Hi Mehak,

Thanks for posting. We have a lesson series focusing on reading/writing Hangul, please give it a try:




Team KoreanClass101.com

Monday at 11:42 AM
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Hi...these lessens are really helpful and to be honest I'm doing quite well in speaking korean but I'm facing a hard time in writing Hangul.....so any suggestions????