Vocabulary (Review)

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Lesson Transcript

Keith: But I Don't Want to Try That Korean Dish! In this lesson, you will learn about eating some exotic Korean food. The conversation takes place…
Misun: In a restaurant.
Keith: And the conversation is between…
Misun: A Korean and a foreigner.
Keith: They are friends, but they’re not too close.
Misun: So the speakers will be speaking formal Korean, 존댓말이요.
Keith: Okay. Let’s listen in.

Lesson conversation

예린 먹어 봐요.
빌리 아니에요. 괜찮아요.
예린 먹어 봐요. 맛있어요.
빌리 괜찮아요.
English Host: One more time, with the English.
예린 먹어 봐요.
Keith: Try it.
빌리 아니에요. 괜찮아요.
Keith: No. It's okay.
예린 먹어 봐요. 맛있어요.
Keith: Try it. It's good.
빌리 괜찮아요.
Keith: It's okay.
Keith: I wonder what kind of food this could be?
Misun: Well, either he has already ate or the food is pretty wild.
Keith: Well, there's always dog meat, right? 보신탕.
Misun: I can’t eat that one. Yes, but it causes too much controversy so let's not go there for now, okay?
Keith: Yeah. I think that’s a good idea.
Misun: Right.
Keith: Well, some other exotic food, there’s also 번데기, which is silkworm lavre.
Misun: That’s right. That’s a popular snack for kids.
Keith: And there's also 닭발, chicken feet.
Misun: Mmm... I love that one. It's good when it's spicy!
Keith: Okay. Well, to me it just tastes like chicken feet.
Misun: There's also 곱창 구이.
Keith: That’s grilled intestines. You know, that one is pretty good.
Misun: Yes! I love that one, too. And I like 청국장 as well.
Keith: Okay. And this is like super fermented 된장찌게, super fermented soy beans.
Misun: 네. I’m already hungry. But the smell is super strong, right?
Keith: Yeah. And of course, there’s also 산낙지
Misun: 네. Live octopus. It's squiggly, and it squirms.
Keith: Yeah. And it sticks to your teeth and chopsticks when you try to eat it.
Misun: That’s right.
Keith: It’s pretty stubborn.
Keith: All right. Well, let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
Misun: 아니다 [natural native speed]
Keith: To not be.
Misun: 아니다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 아니다 [natural native speed].
Keith: Next.
Misun 괜찮다 [natural native speed]
Keith: To be okay, to be all right.
Misun: 괜찮다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 괜찮다 [natural native speed]
Misun: 맛있다 [natural native speed]
Keith: To be delicious
Misun: 맛있다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 맛있다 [natural native speed].
Keith: Next is…
Misun 먹어 보다 [natural native speed]
Keith: To try some food.
Misun: 먹어 보다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 먹어 보다 [natural native speed].
Keith: Time to take a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Misun The first phrase we’ll look at is 먹어봐요.
Keith: “Try this”, and this is in reference to food.
Misun: This phrase is actually two parts. First is the verb 먹다.
Keith: Which means “to eat.”
Misun: After that is 봐요.
Keith: And that literally means 'to see” but in this case, it means like try out.
Misun: So we can use 봐요 with different verbs.
Keith: So it's good when you’re making suggestions.
Misun: 맞아요. So, if there's a new restaurant in town and it's good, I can say, 가 봐요.
Keith: “Go and see,” literally. But it's implying that you should try going there.
Misun: 네. Or if I'm suggesting a new activity that I just tried for the first time...
Keith: Like bungee jumping.
Misun: Sure! To suggest it, I can say 해 봐요.
Keith: “Try it”, or “try it out.” All right. Let’s move on to our next word.
Misun: 네. The next word is very simple. It's 맛있다.
Keith: Delicious.
Misun: Yes! So when you say something is delicious, you can just say this word like it came out in this conversation.
Keith: Right. How did it come out?
Misun: 맛있어요.
Keith: And this is polite. What if we're talking to close friends? We don’t have to be polite.
Misun: No. You can say, 맛있어.
Keith: Also, I hear 맛있다 sometimes , too. Misun, what's the difference?
Misun: Between 맛있어요 and 맛있다.. Well, basically, it's just a small difference. When you say 맛있다 you're making a statement, and you're not expecting any response from anyone.
Keith: Right. So it's kind of a declaration. You can even say 맛있다 when you buy yourself.
Misun: 맞아요. But when you say 맛있어요, it's more conversational. And it's not necessarily that you're looking for a response from someone, but someone needs to be there when you say 맛있어요.
Keith: Right. And when you’re by yourself and you just want to talk to yourself for whatever reason, you can say 맛있다.
Misun: 네.

Lesson focus

Keith: All right. Let’s take a look at the focus for this lesson.
Misun: To refuse a command or a suggestion politely, you can say 괜찮아요
Keith: And this comes from the verb 괜찮다, which means "to be okay" or "to be all right."
Misun: Yup! And this politely refuses a request or a suggestion from someone.
Keith: Another way to refuse requests is to use 아니에요 (anieyo),
Misun: This comes from the negative copula 아니다 (anida), which means "to not be."
Keith: Right but since this is often followed by 괜찮아요 in a refusal anyway, let’s focus on 괜찮아요.
Misun: Okay. 괜찮아요 is in the standard politeness level.
Keith: Yup! So it's polite, and also colloquial. What if we're talking to the president of Korea or maybe the president of your company, where you have to be much more respectful?
Misun: Then you can use the formal politeness level which is 괜찮습니다.
Keith: Okay. And again, this is the most formal. It's used for only when you want to be utmost polite.
Misun: And if you're talking to some close friends, you can use this intimate politeness level, 괜찮아.
Keith: And this is when you don't have to worry about being polite. It's informal and colloquial.
Misun: Let's go over some examples that might be useful to our listeners.
Keith: Sure. What if I'm full, and I don't want to eat anymore. How can I refuse?
Misun: You can say, 괜찮아요. 배불러요.
Keith: And that's "It's okay. I'm full." We know the first part, 괜찮아요. What's the second part?
Misun: That's 배불러요., means “I am full.”
Keith: Okay.Let's take a look at another example. What if someone is offering me food, but I already ate?
Misun: Then you can say, 괜찮아요. 밥 먹었어요.
Keith: "It's okay. I ate." And what's that last part again?
Misun: 밥 먹었어요.
Keith: That means “I already ate,” or “I already had my meal.” Well, Misun, I think we're finished. 밥 먹을래요? Do you want to eat?
Misun: Of course! I’m so hungry right now. I can’t wait.
Keith: All right. Well, no refusal coming from you.


Keith: All right. Well, that just about does it for today. See you later!
Misun: 안녕히 계세요 여러분. (Annyeonghaseyo yeoreobun).


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