Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Introduction
Becky: Welcome to 3-Minute Korean Season 1, Lesson 4 - How are you? In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask how somebody is in Korean.
Body
Becky: Here's the informal way to ask 'How are you?' in Korean.
Kyejin: [Normal] 어떻게 지내?(eotteoke jinae?)
Becky: First is a word meaning 'how '
Kyejin: [Normal] 어떻게 [Slow] 어떻게 (eotteoke)
Becky: Last is the word meaning 'stay, live’ in informal register.
Kyejin: [Normal] 지내 [Slow] 지내(jinae)
Becky: Note the rising intonation. Listen again to the informal question meaning 'How are you?'
Kyejin: [Slow] 어떻게 지내? [Normal] 어떻게 지내?
Becky: Now, imagine you're speaking to a stranger. Here's the formal way to ask, 'How are you?'
Kyejin: [Normal] 어떻게 지내십니까?(eotteoke jinaesimnikka?)
Becky: First is a word meaning 'how'
Kyejin: [Normal] 어떻게 [Slow] 어떻게 (eotteoke)
Becky: Last is the phrase meaning 'do you stay, do you live’ in formal register.
Kyejin: [Normal] 지내십니까? [Slow] 지내십니까?(jinaesimnikka)
Becky: Note again the rising intonation. Listen again to the formal question meaning 'How are you?'
Kyejin: [Slow] 어떻게 지내십니까? [Normal] 어떻게 지내십니까?
Becky: Here's a response meaning 'I'm fine, and you?'
Kyejin: [Normal] 잘 지내. 너는?(jal jinae. neoneun?)
Becky: First is a word meaning 'well'
Kyejin: [Normal] 잘 [Slow] 잘 (jal )
Becky: Next is the word meaning 'live'
Kyejin: [Normal] 지내 [Slow] 지내(jinae)
Becky: Next is the word meaning 'you '
Kyejin: [Normal] 너 [Slow] 너(neo)
Becky: Last is the topic marking particle
Kyejin: [Normal] 는 [Slow] 는(neun)
Becky: Listen again to the response, meaning 'I'm fine, and you?'
Kyejin: [Slow] 잘 지내. 너는? [Normal] 잘 지내. 너는?
Becky: Here's a response meaning, 'So-so.'
Kyejin: [Normal] 그저 그래.(geugeo geurae)
Becky: First is a word meaning 'just'
Kyejin: [Normal] 그저 [Slow] 그저(geugeo)
Becky: Last is the word meaning 'it's like'
Kyejin: [Normal] 그래 [Slow] 그래(geurae)
Becky: Listen again to the response, 'So-so.'
Kyejin: [Slow] 그저 그래. [Normal] 그저 그래.
Cultural Insight
Becky: Now it's time for a quick cultural insight.
Kyejin: Koreans like to show that they care by asking 밥 먹었어요?(bap meogeosseoyo?) / 식사 하셨습니까?(siksa hasyeotssemnikka?) which literally means "Have you eaten?" But the actual meaning is the same as "How are you?" 밥 먹었어요?(bap meogeosseoyo?) is informal, and 식사 하셨습니까?(siksa hasyeotssemnikka?) is formal. Usually, they are not asking to go eat something together. So, when someone asks you 식사 하셨습니까?(siksa hasyeotssemnikka?), you can just answer 네(ne.) “Yes."

Outro

Becky: And that’s all for this lesson. Don’t forget to check out the lesson notes, and we’ll see you in the next lesson!

54 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:30 PM
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Listeners! How are you? Try answering this question in Korean.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 09:21 PM
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Hi 베로니카,


Thanks for posting. Let's take a look at what you wrote:


솔직히… 그저 그레. 저 지금 바빠요.

-->솔직히 그저 그래요. 저 지금 바빠요.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

베로니카
Thursday at 01:13 AM
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솔직히... 그저 그레 😭

저 지금 바빠요 😭

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 10:01 AM
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Hi LissetteLissie,


Thanks for posting. This is due to rules of batchim (words that end with consonants), which exist to make pronunciation easier. We have a lesson series that will be of help:


https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/hana-hana-hangul-11-hangul-batchim-1/


Start here and work your way down!


Hi Jake,


Thanks for posting. Yes, that is the informal way of answering someone. If you want to be more polite, write:

잘 지내요. 당신은요? --->informal formal

잘 지냈습니다. 잘 지내셨어요? --->formal (in very formal situations you don't use the formal you, which can also be interpreted to 'darling', you can omit it and just ask back formally)


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Jake
Sunday at 06:31 AM
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Hello! "잘 지내. 너는?" sounds like an informal way to reply. What would be the more formal ways of replying?

LissetteLissie
Friday at 08:25 PM
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지내십니까?

jinaesimnikka

do you stay, do you live (formal)

Hello,

I'm confused. If you pronounce the word with an M, why is there a ㅂ and not a ㅁ letter? I am actually trying to learn Korean phonetically first, because I keep making mistakes when reading, yet I know the alphabet. Why are the words spelled so different sometimes to how they sound? I thought Korean is the only language really based on the movements we make as we speak. Please help me understand. Thank you.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 05:28 AM
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Hi Anil,


Thank you for the positive feedback, it means a lot to us!


Hi Angelyn,


Thanks for posting, great job!


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Angelyn
Friday at 03:15 AM
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잘 지내 너는?

Anil
Thursday at 08:16 PM
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😄👍

HI Nice content , Good way to teach

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:13 AM
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Hello Erendira,


Thanks for posting. It depends on the question that was asked. 어떻게 means 'how', so you would answer by stating how you have been. If someone asks if you have eaten something, you can reply with a yes, or no.

Hope this was of help.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Erendira
Friday at 06:49 AM
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Hello

Is it correct to thank the other person for their interest? I mean, if someone asks "어떻께지내십니까?" or "밥먹었어요?", is it ok to answer something like "잘 지내, 고맙습니다" or "네, 고마워". Or is there a "thank you for asking" sentence?

I hope my question makes sense as English is not my first language 😅...