Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Introduction
Becky: How are you? In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask how somebody is in Korean.
Body
Becky: Here's the informal way to ask 'How are you?' in Korean.
Kyejin: [Normal] 어떻게 지내?(eotteoke jinae?)
Becky: First is a word meaning 'how '
Kyejin: [Normal] 어떻게 [Slow] 어떻게 (eotteoke)
Becky: Last is the word meaning 'stay, live’ in informal register.
Kyejin: [Normal] 지내 [Slow] 지내(jinae)
Becky: Note the rising intonation. Listen again to the informal question meaning 'How are you?'
Kyejin: [Slow] 어떻게 지내? [Normal] 어떻게 지내?
Becky: Now, imagine you're speaking to a stranger. Here's the formal way to ask, 'How are you?'
Kyejin: [Normal] 어떻게 지내십니까?(eotteoke jinaesimnikka?)
Becky: First is a word meaning 'how'
Kyejin: [Normal] 어떻게 [Slow] 어떻게 (eotteoke)
Becky: Last is the phrase meaning 'do you stay, do you live’ in formal register.
Kyejin: [Normal] 지내십니까? [Slow] 지내십니까?(jinaesimnikka)
Becky: Note again the rising intonation. Listen again to the formal question meaning 'How are you?'
Kyejin: [Slow] 어떻게 지내십니까? [Normal] 어떻게 지내십니까?
Becky: Here's a response meaning 'I'm fine, and you?'
Kyejin: [Normal] 잘 지내. 너는?(jal jinae. neoneun?)
Becky: First is a word meaning 'well'
Kyejin: [Normal] 잘 [Slow] 잘 (jal )
Becky: Next is the word meaning 'live'
Kyejin: [Normal] 지내 [Slow] 지내(jinae)
Becky: Next is the word meaning 'you '
Kyejin: [Normal] 너 [Slow] 너(neo)
Becky: Last is the topic marking particle
Kyejin: [Normal] 는 [Slow] 는(neun)
Becky: Listen again to the response, meaning 'I'm fine, and you?'
Kyejin: [Slow] 잘 지내. 너는? [Normal] 잘 지내. 너는?
Becky: Here's a response meaning, 'So-so.'
Kyejin: [Normal] 그저 그래.(geugeo geurae)
Becky: First is a word meaning 'just'
Kyejin: [Normal] 그저 [Slow] 그저(geugeo)
Becky: Last is the word meaning 'it's like'
Kyejin: [Normal] 그래 [Slow] 그래(geurae)
Becky: Listen again to the response, 'So-so.'
Kyejin: [Slow] 그저 그래. [Normal] 그저 그래.
Cultural Insight
Becky: Now it's time for a quick cultural insight.
Kyejin: Koreans like to show that they care by asking 밥 먹었어요?(bap meogeosseoyo?)/ 식사 하셨습니까?(siksa hasyeotssemnikka?) which literally means "Have you eaten?" But the actual meaning is the same as "How are you?" 밥 먹었어요?(bap meogeosseoyo?) is informal, and 식사 하셨습니까?(siksa hasyeotssemnikka?) is formal. Usually, they are not asking to go eat something together. So, when someone asks you 식사 하셨습니까?(siksa hasyeotssemnikka?), you can just answer 네(ne.) “Yes."

Outro

Becky: And that’s all for this lesson. Don’t forget to check out the lesson notes, and we’ll see you in the next lesson!

65 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:30 PM
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Listeners! How are you? Try answering this question in Korean.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 01:16 AM
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Hello Dzakya,


Thanks for letting us know!

Please don't hesitate to ask if you have any questions.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Dzakya Nayla
Monday at 07:23 AM
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잘 지내요:smile:

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 12:37 AM
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Hello Sara,


Thank you for posting. Yes, those are informal phrases. To make it more polite, you add the polite suffix 'yo'. To make it even polite, you add 'seyo'.


잘 지내/잘 지내요/잘 지내세요


For I, you write 'jeoneun' to make it more polite.

너는/저는


Regarding your second inquiry, to politely say "I'm well, and you?", one way to write it would be:

저는 잘 지내요. 당신은요?


Hope this helped.

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 05:25 PM
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안녕하세요 bhavya,


We provide a ton of free resources on our site, but please understand that we require a subscription from those students who are truly committed to developing their language skills. Behind this website, we have a huge team of dedicated professionals (we are not volunteers) who work day after day to deliver you the best content possible. We hope you understand that due to this, we have to ask for a small contribution from those students, who really want to take their language skills to a whole new level. Thank you for your understanding!


Kind regards,

레벤테 (Levente)

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sara
Tuesday at 02:15 AM
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So how do I say "I'm fine, and you?" in formal language?

Sara
Friday at 08:04 PM
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So, {jal jinae. neoneun} is used for both Informal and Formal??

bhavya
Thursday at 10:34 PM
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is this not for free😭😭😭😭😭😭

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 12:48 AM
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Hi Beth,


Thanks for posting. One way to find out would be to check the end of the sentence--if it ends with 'yo' or 'imnida/seumnida' (these are all polite suffixes), you will know for sure that someone is talking to you politely.


Some lessons have explanations, like this one:


https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/korean-culture-class-6-politeness-levels/


Hope this helped.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Beth
Wednesday at 12:06 PM
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So I'm learning Korean so I can speak to my family (husband is Korean) Learning the informal/formal speech is the hardest since I wouldn't use formal with my younger brother in law, who lives with us, but I would with my parents in law. What are some quick tips to knowing right away if a word I find is formal or not? I like to listen and learn words but not all sub titles or translations show that it's possibly formal/informal.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:25 AM
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Hi Bides,


Thanks for posting. The romanization is there to help you understand how things are pronounced. But they aren't 100% correct (they are there to help), so if you rely on it too much it may hinder the actual pronunciation. We'd suggest that you try pronouncing things out loud first, and if you are having trouble, use romanization for reference.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com