Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Introduction
Becky: Welcome to 3-Minute Korean Season 1, Lesson 17 - Why? In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask why in Korean.
Body
Becky: Here's the informal way to ask 'Why are you late?' in Korean.
Kyejin: [Normal] 왜 늦었어요?(wae neujeosseoyo?)
Becky: First is a word meaning 'why '
Kyejin: [Normal] 왜 [Slow] 왜 (wae )
Becky: Last is the word meaning 'late'
Kyejin: [Normal] 늦었어요 [Slow] 늦었어요(eujeosseoyo)
Becky: Note the rising intonation. Listen again to the informal question meaning 'Why are you late?'
Kyejin: [Slow] 왜 늦었어요? [Normal] 왜 늦었어요?
Becky: Here is a response meaning 'I missed the train.'
Kyejin: [Normal] 기차를 놓쳤어요.(gichareul nocheosseoyo.)
Becky: First is a word meaning 'train'
Kyejin: [Normal] 기차 [Slow] 기차 (gicha)
Becky: Next is the object marking particle
Kyejin: [Normal] 를 [Slow] 를(reul)
Becky: Last is the word meaning 'missed'
Kyejin: [Normal] 놓쳤어요 [Slow] 놓쳤어요(nocheosseoyo)
Becky: Listen again to the response 'I missed the train.'
Kyejin: [Slow] 기차를 놓쳤어요. [Normal] 기차를 놓쳤어요.
Becky: Here's the informal way to ask 'Why do you leave so early?'
Kyejin: [Normal] 왜 그렇게 일찍 나가요?(wae geureoke iljjik nagayo?)
Becky: First is a word meaning 'why'
Kyejin: [Normal] 왜 [Slow] 왜(wae)
Becky: Next is the word meaning 'so'
Kyejin: [Normal] 그렇게 [Slow] 그렇게(geureoke)
Becky: Next is the word meaning 'early'
Kyejin: [Normal] 일찍 [Slow] 일찍(iljjik)
Becky: Last is the word meaning 'get out'
Kyejin: [Normal] 나가요 [Slow] 나가요(nagayo)
Becky: Note the rising intonation. Listen again to the informal question meaning, 'Why do you leave so early?'
Kyejin: [Slow] 왜 그렇게 일찍 나가요? [Normal] 왜 그렇게 일찍 나가요?
Becky: Here's a response meaning, 'Not to miss the train.'
Kyejin: [Normal] 기차를 놓치지 않으려고요.(gichareul notchiji aneuryeogoyo.)
Becky: First is a word meaning 'train.'
Kyejin: [Normal] 기차 [Slow] 기차(gicha)
Becky: Next is the object marking particle
Kyejin: [Normal] 를 [Slow] 를(reul)
Becky: Last is the phrase meaning 'not to miss'
Kyejin: [Normal] 놓치지 않으려고요. [Slow] 놓치지 않으려고요. (notchiji aneuryeogoyo.)
Becky: Listen again to the response, 'Not to miss the train.'
Kyejin: [Slow] 기차를 놓치지 않으려고요. [Normal] 기차를 놓치지 않으려고요.
Cultural Insight
Becky: Now it's time for a quick cultural insight.
Kyejin: Koreans tend to ask personal questions to show interest. It is not unusual to be asked about and get comments on your religion, appearance, relationship status, and so on. They do not ask you questions to be rude but to satisfy curiosity. And, of course, you do not have to answer every question.

Outro

Becky: And that’s all for this lesson. Don’t forget to check out the lesson notes, and we’ll see you in the next lesson!

9 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Listeners! Why are you studying Korean?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:00 AM
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Hi Sophie,


Thank you for posting. "Why are you early" in informal speech would be:


"왜 일찍 왔어?"


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sophie
Thursday at 10:15 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello!


How would you say "Why are you early?" informally?

I've tried to work it out, but I'm not sure on the ending!


Thanks!

Sophie

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 05:10 AM
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Hi Sanjeev,


Thanks for posting. This comes from the grammatical phrase V + (으)려고요, which is the contracted form of V + (으)려고 해요, which means' I am going to do V'.


Hope this was of help!

Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sanjeev
Friday at 08:23 AM
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않으려고요 - Please break down this word and explain.

Is it based on 려고 = Try ?

KoreanClass101.com
Thursday at 09:28 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi 아린,


Thank you for commenting. We're happy to hear that you're enjoying learning Korean (hopefully our lessons are of help!)!

Keep up the good work!


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

아린
Tuesday at 04:18 PM
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한국어 공부는 너무 재미있습니다

KoreanClass101.com
Friday at 11:59 AM
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Hi Airline,


Thanks for posting.

The verb 놓치다 means 'miss', and

놓치지 않다 means 'to not miss'.

~놓치지 않을거에요=very polite way of showing the intent of the speaker to NOT miss something.

=I intend to not miss ~.


Hope this was of help.

Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com



Airline
Monday at 10:29 AM
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Annyeonghaseyo,


i dont know why but its really difficult😂 How can 'nocheosseoyo' become 'notchiji aneuryeogoyo'?

Where i can get lesson about that?


Kamsahamnida