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Vocabulary Lists Must-Know Terms for Family Members
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Must-Know Terms for Family Members

꼭 알아야 할 가족관계 호칭
29 Words 17 Comments
family
가족 가족 (n)
gajok
family
가족 사진 가족 사진
gajok sajin
family picture
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mother
어머니 어머니 (n)
eomeoni
mother
어머니와 딸 어머니와 딸
eomeoniwa ttal
mother and daughter
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father
아버지 아버지 (n)
abeoji
father
마리오의 아버지는 어느 분이에요? 마리오의 아버지는 어느 분이에요?
Marioui abeojineun eoneu bunieyo?
Who is Mario's father?
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wife
아내 아내 (n)
anae
wife
그녀는 아내이자 어머니입니다. 그녀는 아내이자 어머니입니다.
Geunyeoneun anaeija eomeoniimnida.
She is a wife and a mother.
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husband
남편 남편 (n)
nampyeon
husband
남편은 접은 타월이 있는 바구니를 들고 있습니다. 남편은 접은 타월이 있는 바구니를 들고 있습니다.
Nampyeoneun jeobeun tawori inneun bagunireul deulgo itsseumnida.
The husband is carrying the basket of folded towels.
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parent
부모님 부모님 (n)
bumonim
parent
child
자식 자식 (n)
jasik
child
아이가 생기면 모든 것들이 바뀝니다. 아이가 생기면 모든 것들이 바뀝니다.
Aiga saenggimyeon modeun geotteuri bakkwimnida.
Everything changes when you have a child.
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daughter
(n)
ttal
daughter
딸에게 전화하다 딸에게 전화하다
ttarege jeonhwahada
call one's daughter
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son
아들 아들 (n)
adeul
son
나는 아들을 공부하라고 런던에 보냈습니다. 나는 아들을 공부하라고 런던에 보냈습니다.
Naneun adeureul gongbuharago reondeone bonaetsseumnida.
I sent my son to study in London.
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sister
언니 / 누나 언니 / 누나 (n)
Eonni / nuna
sister
brother
형제 형제 (n)
hyeongje
brother
younger sister
여동생 여동생 (n)
yeodongsaeng
younger sister
여동생이 둘 있어요. 여동생이 둘 있어요.
Yeodongsaengi dul isseoyo.
I have two younger sisters.
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younger brother
남동생 남동생 (n)
namdongsaeng
younger brother
내 남동생은 종종 잠꼬대를 해. 내 남동생은 종종 잠꼬대를 해.
Nae namdongsaengeun jongjong jamkkodaereul hae.
My younger brother often talks in sleep.
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great-grandmother
증조 할머니 증조 할머니 (n)
jeungjo halmeoni
great-grandmother
great-grandfather
증조부 증조부 (n)
jeungjobu
great-grandfather
grandmother
할머니 할머니 (n)
halmeoni
grandmother
우리 할머니는 세상에서 제일 맛있는 사과 파이를 만드십니다. 우리 할머니는 세상에서 제일 맛있는 사과 파이를 만드십니다.
Uri halmeonineun sesangeseo jeil masinneun sagwa paireul mandeusimnida.
My grandmother makes the best apple pie in the world.
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grandfather
할아버지 할아버지 (n)
harabeoji
grandfather
할아버지와 손주들과 함께 걸어가고 있습니다. 할아버지와 손주들과 함께 걸어가고 있습니다.
Harabeojiwa sonjudeulgwa hamkke georeogago itsseumnida.
The grandfather is walking with his grandchildren.
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grandparent
조부모 조부모 (n)
jobumo
grandparent
grandchild
손주 손주 (n)
sonju
grandchild
granddaughter
손녀 손녀 (n)
sonnyeo
granddaughter
어린 손녀 어린 손녀
eorin sonnyeo
little granddaughter
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grandson
손자 손자 (n)
sonja
grandson
내 손자 내 손자
nae sonja
my grandson
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uncle
삼촌 삼촌 (n)
samchon
uncle
niece
여자 조카 여자 조카 (n)
yeoja joka
niece
내 조카 사라 내 조카 사라
nae joka sara
my niece Sarah
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nephew
남자 조카 남자 조카
namja joka
nephew
cousin
사촌 사촌 (n)
sachon
cousin
제 사촌의 이름은 에리카입니다. 제 사촌의 이름은 에리카입니다.
Je sachonui ireumeun erikaimnida.
My cousin's name is Erica.
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mother-in-law
시어머니 시어머니 (n)
sieomeoni
mother-in-law
father-in-law
장인어른 장인어른 (n)
jangineoreun
father-in-law
sister-in-law
시누이 시누이 (n)
sinui
sister-in-law
partner
배우자 배우자 (n)
baeuja
partner
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17 Comments
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Friday at 4:10 pm
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Hi Listeners! What is your favorite Family Member word? Let us know!

Claudia
Monday at 8:38 pm
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Hi, I was just wondering if there is any particular reason why sister has two different Korean words, but brother only has one.

Monday at 9:11 am
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Hi Jeff,


Thanks for posting. Like you said, Korean and Japanese have similar sentence structures, which makes it easy to learn one language if you know the other.

Having said that, both Korean and Japanese words come from the Chinese language and its characters--and the pronunciation became a bit different as the countries adapted the words. Now, the Chinese use a different system to count the days of the week, but you could say that the days of the week (and months, etc., and many other words) it came from the Chinese language. It is tricky sometimes as they sound 'similar' but different. But it makes it easier to know what the words mean.


Hope this was of help.

Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Jeff Hammond
Thursday at 8:08 pm
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I noticed something today about Korean, there is a lot of Japanese loan words and grammatical structures in this language, for example: 가죽 for family sounds similar to 家族 (kazoku) and 목요일 for Thursday sounds similar to 木曜日 and 금요일 for FRIDAYSounds similar to 金曜日。and the sino Korean numbers sound like Chinese numbers. Is there a connection here or am I imagining things?


I studied all 3 languages and I can go on for months listing off near-homophones. Honestly, that's how I remember a lot of the words. Interesting, huh? Can NE1 explain this for me please? I'd like to know if I'm correct or if I am just hallucinating lol. Any word on this let me know.


PS: 이 "의브사이드를" (trying to spell Website haha) 좋아해요!! 한국이는 여론 안입니다요!

단구블 (dankuwel - Dutch for thanks, written in Hangul)

Thursday at 3:50 pm
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Hi Jamey,


Thank you for posting!


Glad that you're learning well! :)


In case of any questions, please feel free to contact us. 😄


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team KoreanClass101.com

Jamey
Wednesday at 12:11 pm
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Thank you for your comment about the word for aunt! I was using imo to describe my father's sisters. I had no idea there was two words for aunt.


Thank you again!!

Friday at 12:33 pm
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Hello Tamizharasi,


Thank you for the valuable feedback, it means a lot to us!

Please let us know if you have any other inquiries.


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Thursday at 12:58 pm
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Thank you so much .... For audio vocabulary..... It's very useful 💐

My favorite words is eonni/nuna

Monday at 12:05 am
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Hi Isabel,


Both 자식 and 아이 mean 'child', with 자식 having the meaning of 'my child', and '아이' meaning 'child' in general(you can use it to refer to not just your own child but for others too). So while the example is different, you can use both words when discussing 'children'.


As for sister, if the siblings are both girls, the younger child will refer to the older sister as 언니, if the younger sibling is a boy, he will refer to his older sister as 누나.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Isabel Rodríguez
Friday at 6:37 am
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Hi! Another question, I'm sorry :sweat_smile:

Why does "sister" have two different words?

Thanks again!

Isabel Rodríguez
Friday at 6:17 am
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Hi!

I have a question

In the very first word, child, it says it's 자식, but why doesn't it appear on the example?

Thank you! xoxo