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Lesson Transcript

여러분, 안녕하세요? 에이미에요. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy.
Welcome back to KoreanClass101.com’s 삼분 한국어, the fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Korean.
Two lessons ago, we learned to count from one to ten using Chinese numbers. In the last lesson, we learned a whole other way to count from one to ten—using native Korean numbers!
Do you remember all these numbers? Let's see if you can recall the native ones first:
1 하나
2 둘
3 셋
4 넷
5 다섯
6 여섯
7 일곱
8 여덟
9 아홉
10 열
Great job! And how about the Chinese numbers—do you remember those?
1 일
2 이
3 삼
4 사
5 오
6 육
7 칠
8 팔
9 구
10 십
Whew, that's a lot of numbers! But I bet you're wondering what comes next, right?
Well, if you think about it, eleven is just ten plus one. How would you say that in Korean? No need to overthink it:
십 ("ten") plus 일 ("one") equals "eleven,” so “eleven” is 십일.
And how about twelve?
십 ("ten") plus 이 ("two") equals "twelve", so “twelve” is 십이.
Seem too easy to be true? It’s not! And it doesn't get any harder when you hit twenty.
Twenty is really just two tens. Multiply two 이 by ten 십 to get twenty 이십! Just as you'd expect, 삼십 is thirty, 사십 is forty, and so on.
Now that you know how to count tens, you can make it all the way to ninety-nine. For example, I bet you can tell me the Korean word for "eighty-seven," even though we haven't counted nearly that high yet. Can you?
First, we need to say “eighty.” Eighty is eight tens, so “eighty” is 팔십. Finally, say the word for "seven," 칠. 팔십칠 is "eighty-seven."
Let’s learn one more word:
The Korean word for "one hundred" is 백.
[slowly] 백.
Can you guess how to say "one hundred fifty" in Korean?
One hundred is 백, and fifty is 오십. So one hundred fifty is..? That's right, it's 백오십! And I'm sure you can figure out how to say "two hundred fifty":
이백오십.
Great job!
Now it’s time for Amy’s insights.
You just learned how to count above ten for Chinese numbers, but it works the exact same way for native numbers: "eleven" is 열하나 (열 is “ten” and 하나 is “one”), "twelve" is 열둘 (열 is “ten” and 둘 is “two”), and so on.
In the next lesson, we are going to learn the handy phrase 얼마에요? Do you know what it means? We’ll see this phrase and many others that will help you shop!
We'll be waiting for you in our next 삼분 한국어 lesson.
안녕히 계세요! 다음에 봐요!

23 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Friday at 10:49 am
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Hi Landsey,

Thanks for posting. Unfortunately we do not have a song-based lesson on numbers–however, if you write ‘numbers’ on our search engine, you will be able to see all the lessons focusing on numbers, which may be of help.

Sincerely,
Lyn
Team KoreanClass101.com

Landsey
Thursday at 1:46 am
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This blewy mind completely thanks but is there another lesson that can help me get the numbers in order by head like some kind of song. Thanks

Monday at 9:44 pm
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Hi Haily,

Thanks for posting. From the number 100, there is no pure Korean numeral, only sino Korean numerals are used, which is why one hundred is written as 일백/백.

Cheers,
Lyn
Team KoreanClass101.com

Haily
Saturday at 3:55 am
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what is 100 in the native language?

Tuesday at 11:46 am
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Hi Davies,

Thank you for posting. Are you referring to 저들(those people)? Or 저는(formal way of saying ‘I am’)? Could you let us know so we can provide you with an accurate answer?

Cheers,
Lyn
Team KoreanClass101.com

Davies
Sunday at 11:27 pm
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is there any difference for using 저듣 or 너는?

Wednesday at 9:17 pm
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Hi Julissa,

Thank you for the positive feedback, it means a lot to us!
Please let us know if you have any other inquiries.

Best,
Lyn
Team KoreanClass101.com

Julissa
Sunday at 5:02 pm
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Thank you so much for the lessons😮🙇😊

Thursday at 1:39 pm
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Hi Michelle,

The native numbers are used to count general things (1-99), while the Sino-Korean system is used for dates, money, addresses, phone numbers, and numbers above 100.

Like most other “things” in Korean, time is measured by counters – 시 for “hour”, 분 for “minute” and 초 for “second”. With these three counters, 시 matches up only with native Korean numbers, while 분 and 초 match up only with Sino-Korean numbers.

감사합니다.
클레어
Team KoreanClass101.com

Michelle
Tuesday at 6:03 am
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Hello!
I am wondering when we should use native and Chinese-based numbers in life. I understand that we use native for hours and Chinese-based for minutes but what about others? (ex. age, money, seconds, etc.)

Thanks in advance!
Michelle 😄