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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요. 에이미에요. 반가워요.
Hi everybody! I’m Amy.
Welcome to KoreanClass101.com’s 삼분 한국어. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Korean.
In the last lesson, we learned the Chinese-based numbers from one to ten. Have you already forgotten them? I'll tell you again:
일, 이, 삼, 사, 오, 육, 칠, 팔, 구, 십!
It's great that you can count to ten. But did you know there's a whole other way to do that?
That's right! In addition to the numbers based on Chinese characters, there are also the native Korean numbers that we have been using before we even had Chinese characters!
Here they are:
하나, one.
[slowly] 하나.
둘, two.
[slowly]
셋, three.
[slowly]
넷, four.
[slowly]
다섯, five.
[slowly]
여섯, six.
[slowly]
일곱, seven.
[slowly]
여덟, eight.
[slowly]
아홉, nine.
[slowly]
열, ten.
[slowly]
Which one do we use? We use both! Some things are counted using Chinese-based numbers, and other things using native Korean numbers.
For example, when telling time, we say the hour using a native Korean number and the minute using a Chinese-based number!
So let’s practice these numbers and learn how to say times, too! Here’s how to say the hour first.
“Three o’clock” is 세 시.
[slowly] 세 시.
The native Korean number 3 is 셋, but we shorten it to 세 when we put it before a counter like 시. The last consonant ㅅ(시옷) of 셋 disappeared when it meets the counting unit.
When you add 하나 one, 둘 two, 셋 three, 넷 four with counting units, the last vowel or consonant of each number will disappear.
So,
하나 is “one,”, but“one o’clock” is 한 시. When 하나 meets the counting unit 시, the last vowel ㅏ(a) disappears.
둘 is “two,” but “two o’clock” is 두 시. The last consonant ㄹ (리을) disappeared.
넷 is “four,” but “four o’clock” is 네 시. Same thing here. The last consonant ㅅ (시옷) disappeared.
This rule is only for number one to four.
Otherwise, it is simply the Korean number plus 시.
열시. “ten o’clock”
일곱시. “seven o’clock”
Now that you know how to say the hour, let’s say the minute. The counter for minutes in Korean is 분. Be sure to use a Chinese-based number with this counter.
Do you know how to say "three-ten?” in Korean?
It’s just 세시 이십분.
Three in native numbers, plus the word for hour: 세시. Then, ten in Chinese numbers: 이십 and finally the word for minutes: 분
[slowly] 세시 이십분.
A little confusing, right? Don't worry, you'll get the hang of it soon enough!
Just remember that for hours we use Korean numbers and for minutes we use Chinese numbers.
Now it’s time for Amy’s insights.
Here are some other suffixes used to count things.
명 for people:
한 명,
두 명...
번 for the number of times something happens: 한 번, 두 번...
In the next lesson, we're finally going to break ten and learn the numbers from eleven to one hundred! You definitely don't want to miss it!
So join us next time for more 삼분 한국어.
다음에 또 만나요!

28 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Friday at 10:47 am
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Hi Landsey,

Thank you for posting. From number five, you just add ’si’ to the original word, so it would go as:
‘다섯 시/여섯 시/일곱 시/여덟 시/아홉 시/열 시’
Regarding minutes, you use the Sino-Korean counters (일 이 삼 사 오 육 칠 팔 구 십..etc), and just add 분 after it.

Hope this was of help. Please let us know if you have any other questions!
Best,
Lyn
Team KoreanClass101.com

Landsey
Thursday at 12:03 am
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Also for the minutes we do we remove any consonants or vowel on the ending partical or do we simply add ‘bun’

Landsey
Wednesday at 11:49 pm
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This was very helpful bit by chance the video said ’si’ is only done for numbers 1-4 but what about 5-10? Thank you

Friday at 10:22 am
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Hi Matthew,

Thanks for posting. The removal rule works only for pure Korean numbers and is not limited to just hours–you saw Amy use the same rule in counting books (one book=한 권, not 하나 권). However, this rule does not apply for Chinese numbers, and as Chinese numbers are used for minutes, this rule will not apply.
Hope this answered your question. Please let us know if you have any other inquiries.

Sincerely,
Lyn
Team KoreanClass101.com

Matthew
Thursday at 8:41 am
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Annyeong, quick question, does the removal of last vowel or consonant on numbers 1 - 4 only works on hours(counter) or it works on minutes(counter) as well?

Thank you very much.

Friday at 7:39 pm
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Hi Jenaeve,

Thanks for your positive feedback!

Please let us know if you have any questions 😉

Cristiane
Team KoreanClass101.com

Jenaeve Sanchez
Friday at 1:05 pm
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😮

this makes Korean easier for me to learn!

Saturday at 8:41 am
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Hi Aisha,

Thanks for posting. Your observation is correct, 여덟 is pronounced as 여덜(Yeo-deol), so you should remember it as such. Sorry for the confusion!

This is due to the rules of pronouncing the double consonant batchim ㄹㅂ, when it is used as a final word in a sentence, or followed by a word starting with a consonant, you would pronounce it as ‘ㄹ’(like in 여덟).

But on another note, you will have to remember that this rule does not apply to ‘밟다 ‘, as it is pronounced as ‘ㅂ’ in front of consonants (밟고=밥꼬), but when followed by a word starting with the placeholder ‘ㅇ’, it takes on the ‘ㄹ’ sound. (밟아요=발바요, 밟으면=발브면).

Hope this was of help. Please let us know if you have any other inquiries.
Best,
Lyn
Team KoreanClass101.com

Aisha (아이사)
Friday at 6:02 am
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Hi, i meant to say number 8 (여덟) not 7

Aisha (아이사)
Friday at 2:19 am
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Hi, I have a quick question. So I noticed that in native numbers the number 7 (여덟) was pronounced as “yeodeol”. I was wondering why that is since in Hana Hana Hangul, in the Double Final Consonants video, I learned that when it came to pronouncing the ㄹㅂ in the batchim position, you would pronounce it with the ㅂ. Please clarify it. Thank you so much!