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3. Basic Korean Grammar

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1 Introduction 2 Lesson Materials 3 Review
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Posting in Korean? Leave a translation. It's good practice and helps others.

avatar KoreanClass101.com

Hi Tiffany & Colin,

Thanks for your comments!

@ Tiffany - I hope counters became more clear to you now. If you have more questions, please ask. :)

@ Colin - 자세히 설명해 주셔서 감사합니다. :thumbsup:

One correction:
Pitcher: 피쳐 (ex. there is one pitcher of mojito 모히토 한 피쳐 있다)
We don’t say 한 피쳐, but 피쳐 한 개 or 하나.

Example:
맥주 피쳐 한 개 (하나) 주세요.

감사합니다.
클레어
Team KoreanClass101.com

avatar Colin

Tiffany,

As per the ones mentioned in the PDF notes ( So instead of saying “an apple,” in Korean you would say literally
“apple + one + item counter,” or instead of “a dog,” you would say “dog + one + animal
counter.”) it would be as follows:

Apple (사과) one (한) counter for most inanimate objects (개) to have/to exist (있다) - this applies to a majority of fruits - Translation: I have one apple. There an an/one apple.

Dog (개) one (한) counter for animals (마리) to have/to exist (있다) - Translation: I have one dog/There is one dog.

Counter for most mechanical objects: 대
Counter for cups/glasses of liquids: 잔
Pitcher: 피쳐 (ex. there is one pitcher of mojito 모히토 한 피쳐 있다)
People: 사람/분 (depending on level of politeness)
Line(s): 줄
Books/Magazines/Other bound manuscripts: 권
Leaf/Leaves: 잎
Bowl(s): 그릇
Plate(s): 접시

Sometimes if the context is already known (i.e. the noun is already mentioned) the counter may be omitted at your discretion.

You’ll learn these as you go along and eventually most of these will become second nature. Ultimately, you’ll just have to memorise them as you go along.

PS: 안녕하세요 is a single word without spaces

avatar Tiffany

안 녕 하 세 요! I’m really confused about the measure words + articles section of the lesson!! I was wondering how I would the know the specific word measure or counter that goes with each noun.
Thank you!

avatar KoreanClass101.com

Hi yjayo,

Korean is not one of those languages that marks gender grammatically.
Although there are subtle differences between how men and women speak, I suggest you to focus on learning basic Korean grammar first. You will recognize the differences once you understand different sentence structures.

Thanks,
Claire
Team KoreanClass101.com

avatar yjayo

what should we write to know if it’s for a boy or a girl in korean with examples please ^^

avatar KoreanClass101.com

Hi Kavaitri Maharaj,
you’re very welcom! Keep tuned and you’ll be fluent in no time :wink:

Natsuko,
Team KoreanClass101.com

avatar Kavaitri Maharaj

Thanks :)

avatar KoreanClass101.com

Hey Feng,

Thank you for your comment but could you specify a bit more to us?

What do you mean by point 4?:)

Thank you

Madison
Team KoreanClass101.com

avatar Feng Ling OU

I don’t get about point 4? can you tell me more about it. thanks :)

avatar Koreanclass101.com

Hey Maria,

Thank you so much for enjoying with us as well!:D

Thank you

Madison
Team Koreanclass101.com