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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 (annyeonghaseyo)
Hello and welcome to Korean survival phrases brought to you by KoreanClass101.com, this course is designed to equip you with the language skills and knowledge to enable you to get the most out of your visit to Korea. You will be surprised at how far a little Korean will go. Now, before we jump in, remember to stop by KoreanClass101.com and there, you will find the accompanying PDF and additional info in the post. If you stop by, be sure to leave us the comment.
Today, we will introduce parting expressions for the appropriate situations. Parting expressions in Korean differ according to who is leaving and who is staying. Let’s go over the one when you are the one leaving the party. Goodbye in this situation is, 안녕히 계세요 (annyeonghi gyeseyo). One time slowly, 안녕히 계세요 (annyeonghi gyeseyo) and by syllable, 안녕히 계세요 (an-nyeong-hi gye-se-yo). Now the first part of the phrase as we learned means peace, remember, 안녕히 (annyeonghi) or in this form peacefully. So let’s hear it one more time 안녕히 (annyeonghi). And by syllable, 안-녕-히 (an-nyeong-hi).
The second part of the phrase is 계세요 (gyeseyo which means to stay or be. One time slowly, it’s 계세요 (gyeseyo, and now breaking it down, it’s 계-세-요 (gye-se-yo). So altogether, 안녕히 계세요 (annyeonghi gyeseyo) this translates into stay peacefully or be at peace. Now, the other situation when someone is leaving you or leaving the group, the party, and you are the one staying, the phrase used here is 안녕히 가세요 (annyeonghi gaseyo). One time slowly, 안녕히 가세요 (annyeonghi gaseyo), and now by syllable, 안-녕-히 가-세-요 (an-nyeong-hi ga-se-yo).
The first part is the same peace but just for the sake of memorization, let’s go over it again, 안녕히 (annyeonghi). And now, the second part of the phrase is 가세요 (gaseyo). Slowly, it’s 가세요 (gaseyo), and now by syllable, 가-세-요 (ga-se-yo). This means go. So together what does it spell, go in peace. Now, isn’t that an awesome way to say goodbye? I am telling you, we Koreans we love peace. Peace, peace, peace, peace except the whole DMZ and North Korean nuke thing and… Anyway.
We have one last situation for you to figure out. Which parting do you think is appropriate for a situation where both parties are leaving each other? I will give you a hint. No one is staying. Did you get it? That’s right. It’s the second one, 안녕히 가세요 (annyeonghi gaseyo). Since both parties are leaving, they are saying, go in peace. And lastly, let’s do casual partings. For the first one, stay in peace, it’s 잘 있어 (jal isseo). It’s the same meaning as 안녕히 계세요 (annyeonghi gyeseyo) but just a casual form. So let’s listen again, 잘 있어 (jal isseo). Slowly, 잘 있어 (jal isseo), and now by syllable, 잘 있-어 (jal i-sseo). Remember, this is casual. So it’s only used with close friends or maybe to little children if you like. And the casual when you are the one leaving or both parties are leaving, it’s 잘 가 (jal ga), slowly, 잘 가 (jal ga), and now by syllable, 잘 가 (jal ga).
And the last, last, last one I promise. This one is just an easy way to say hello or goodbye. Remember, this is casual. So once again, only with close friends. 안녕 (annyeong). One time slowly, 안녕 (annyeong), and by syllable, 안-녕 (an-neyong). Okay, to close our today’s lesson, we’d like for you to practice what you’ve learned. I will provide you with the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud. You will have a few seconds before I give you the answer. So 화이팅 (hwaiting)!
The formal goodbye when someone is leaving your party, 안녕히 가세요 (annyeonghi gaseyo). The formal when someone is staying and you are leaving is, 안녕히 계세요 (annyeonghi gyeseyo).
The casual for when you are leaving the party is - 잘 있어 (jal isseo).
And the casual when either both parties are leaving or you are leaving is - 잘 가 (jal ga).
The general way to say goodbye or hello in a casual way - 안녕 (annyeong).
All right, that’s going to do it for today. Remember to stop by KoreanClass101.com and pick up the accompanying PDF. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment.

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KoreanClass101.com
Wednesday at 6:30 pm
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Let's practice "안녕히 계세요, 안녕히 가세요. " :)

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KoreanClass101.com
Saturday at 4:57 am
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Hi Mira,


Thanks for posting. If you are asking about the difference between 잘 가/잘 있어, it would be this:


잘 있어=Stay well. (meaning the speaker is the one leaving and saying farewell to the listener who is staying)


잘 가=Go well. (speaker is the one staying, and biding farewell to the listener, who is leaving).


I hope this was of help. If this is not the answer you were looking for, please let us know!


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Mira
Thursday at 7:39 am
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A question came up to me 😶


잘 있어


잘 가 - 가 = 잘 + 있어


Is this so?

Or is it a separate topic? 🤔

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KoreanClass101.com
Wednesday at 11:55 pm
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Hello Sophie and Colin,


Thank you for your comments, and it's very nice to see a good discussion going on over here! 👍

Thanks, Sophie for bringing up the question, and I really appreciate your wonderful explanation, Colin!

So some of the ways to say goodbye to the one leaving are [잘 가.] [조심히 가.] [안녕히 가세요.]

Thanks for mentioning [들어가세요.], Colin. This is derived from [집에 조심히 들어가세요.] which means "Please get back home safe."


Thanks, everyone, and I hope to see you again!


Best,

Rebecca

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Colin
Friday at 1:21 am
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Yes, but I find this to be too formal if they're peers or if you're close to them, in which case you can just say "잘 가" or "조심히 가". An alternative for standard politeness is also "들어가세요" but you might encounter this in more advanced classes as it is quite nuanced. Perhaps someone from KC101 can explain this to you.

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Sophie
Thursday at 11:54 pm
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So if I say goodbye to my class as they are leaving, I would say 안녕히 가세요

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Colin
Monday at 10:36 pm
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Sophie,


It would also be « 잘 가”

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Sophie
Monday at 8:08 pm
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The casual for when you are leaving the party is - 잘 있어 (jal isseo).

And the casual when either both parties are leaving or you are leaving is - 잘 가 (jal ga).


This is what I read in the lesson transcript, but then which one do you use for if you are staying and someone else is going? Thanks

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KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 12:20 pm
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Hi Colin,


Thanks for always helping out!


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 12:20 pm
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Hi Nancy,


Thanks for posting. The consonant 'o' is used as a placeholder, meaning when it is used in front of a vowel, you will just pronounce the vowel sound (unless it is used as a batchim, or words that end with a consonant, and then it will take on the 'ng' sound'. So you are actually pronouncing the vowel ㅏ, which is why 안 sounds like an. Same goes for 요--the 'o' is a placeholder and you are just pronouncing 'ㅛ'(yo). (I am assuming you are asking for the pronunciation for 안녕하세요, please correct me if I am wrong).

Hope this was of help!


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Nancy Cordero
Tuesday at 10:49 am
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Thanks Colin....