Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Seol: 안녕하세요. 윤설입니다. (annyeonghaseyo. yunseorimnida.)
Hyunwoo: 안녕하세요. 선현우입니다. (annyeonghaseyo. seonhyeonuimnida.)
Keith: Keith here. Newbie Lesson #24. Up, Down, Left, Right.
Seol: What is that?
Hyunwoo: Are we dancing?
Keith: Well don’t ask me.
Hyunwoo: Up and down, dancing.
Seol: Yeah.
Keith: Up, down dance….
Hyunwoo: Yeah that’s right.
Keith: Okay well at KoreanClass101.com, we do a little dancing over here, we will do a little salsa.
Hyunwoo: Oh salsa!
Seol: Salsa, no…
Keith: All right. Nobody does salsa, nobody does any – oh well, Hyunwoo, you do break dancing. Up, down, left, right.
Hyunwoo: Yeah up, down, left, right turnaround.
Keith: And Seol what about you yourself?
Seol: Well…Nothing.
Keith: Nothing.
Seol: Nothing. Disco maybe.
Keith: Disco.
Seol: Yeah.
Keith: Are you living in the 70s?
Seol: Yeah like you remember the movie Friday you know, something disco that John Travolta.
Keith: Boogie Nights!
Seol: Yeah. That kind of thing. Maybe I guess so, I don’t know.
Keith: All right. Well…
Hyunwoo: What are we talking about?
Keith: We are talking about Ryuji over here. Up, down, left, right.
Hyunwoo: Yeah, yeah, yeah…
Keith: And as that’s the title, we are talking about directions today. Front, back, left, right, up. I guess we don’t have up and down.
Seol: No.
Keith: But it sounds better okay.
Seol: Yes.
Keith: It sounds better. So we have up, down, left, right and well, front, back, left, right and to the side and we are also going to be introducing essential nouns. All right and to do a little recap, Hyunwoo, can you tell us what happened in our last episode?
Hyunwoo: In our last episode Ryuji was asking for food, water, and something really, really dangerous. Do you remember?
Seol: Yeah I remember and I hope listeners all remember what Ryuji asked for.
Hyunwoo: What was it Keith?
Keith: A knife.
Hyunwoo: A knife.
Seol: Ah…
Hyunwoo: 칼 (kal) and we can finally figure out where he is going with that knife today.
Keith: All right. So in today’s conversation, Ryuji is talking to 아저씨(ajeossi). Once again the title mister and he is asking for directions to a certain place. All right, so with that said, let’s listen in.
DIALOGUE
(1)류지: 아저씨… 경찰서가 어디예요? (ajeossi... gyeongchalseo-ga eodi-yeyo?)
(2)아저씨: 경찰서? 지하철 역 앞에 있어. (gyeongchalseo? jihacheol yeok ap-e isseo.)
(3)류지: 아줌마… 경찰서가 어디예요? (ajumma... gyeongchalseo-ga eodi-yeyo?)
(4)아줌마: 경찰서? 은행 뒤에 있어. (gyeongchalseo? eunhaeng dwi-e isseo.)
(5)류지: 아저씨… 경찰서가 어디예요? (ajeossi... gyeongchalseo-ga eodi-yeyo?)
(6)아저씨2: 편의점 옆에 있어요. (pyeonuijeom yeop-e isseoyo.)
(7)류지: 편의점 오른쪽에 있어요? (pyeonuijeom orenjjok-e isseoyo?)
(8)아저씨2: 아니요, 왼쪽에 있어요. (aniyo, oenjjok-e isseoyo.)
(9)류지: 아… 여기다! (a... yeogida!)
Hyunwoo: 이번에는 천천히 한 번 더. (ibeoneneun cheoncheonhi han beon deo.)
(1)류지: 아저씨… 경찰서가 어디예요? (ajeossi... gyeongchalseo-ga eodi-yeyo?)
(2)아저씨: 경찰서? 지하철 역 앞에 있어. (gyeongchalseo? jihacheol yeok ap-e isseo.)
(3)류지: 아줌마… 경찰서가 어디예요? (ajumma... gyeongchalseo-ga eodi-yeyo?)
(4)아줌마: 경찰서? 은행 뒤에 있어. (gyeongchalseo? eunhaeng dwi-e isseo.)
(5)류지: 아저씨… 경찰서가 어디예요? (ajeossi... gyeongchalseo-ga eodi-yeyo?)
(6)아저씨2: 편의점 옆에 있어요. (pyeonuijeom yeop-e isseoyo.)
(7)류지: 편의점 오른쪽에 있어요? (pyeonuijeom orenjjok-e isseoyo?)
(8)아저씨2: 아니요, 왼쪽에 있어요. (aniyo, oenjjok-e isseoyo.)
(9)류지: 아… 여기다! (a... yeogida!)
Hyunwoo: 이번에는 영어와 함께. (ibeoneneun yeongeowa hamkke.)
(1)류지: 아저씨… 경찰서가 어디예요? (ajeossi... gyeongchalseo-ga eodi-yeyo?)
(1)Ryuji: Mister, where is the police station?
(2)아저씨: 경찰서? 지하철 역 앞에 있어. (gyeongchalseo? jihacheol yeok ap-e isseo.)
(2)Man: The police station? It's in front of the subway station.
(3)류지: 아줌마… 경찰서가 어디예요? (ajumma... gyeongchalseo-ga eodi-yeyo?)
(3)Ryuji: Ma'am, where is the police station?
(4)아줌마: 경찰서? 은행 뒤에 있어. (gyeongchalseo? eunhaeng dwi-e isseo.)
(4)Woman: The police station? It's behind the bank.
(5)류지: 아저씨… 경찰서가 어디예요? (ajeossi... gyeongchalseo-ga eodi-yeyo?)
(5)Ryuji: Mister, where is the police station?
(6)아저씨2: 편의점 옆에 있어요. (pyeonuijeom yeop-e isseoyo.)
(6)Man 2: It's next to the convenience store.
(7)류지: 편의점 오른쪽에 있어요? (pyeonuijeom orenjjok-e isseoyo?)
(7)Ryuji: Is it to the right of the convenience store?
(8)아저씨2: 아니요, 왼쪽에 있어요. (aniyo, oenjjok-e isseoyo.)
(8)Man 2: No, it's to the left.
(9)류지: 아… 여기다! (a... yeogida!)
(9)Ryuji: Ah, it's here!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Keith: How do you like the conversation?
Seol: Well I think he is having a problem with you know finding that place, that certain place that he is trying to go.
Keith: And where is he going again?
Seol: 경찰서. (gyeongchalseo.)
Keith: The police station. Now that’s I think he is going back to look for 형사(hyeongsa), right?
Seol: The bad 형사(hyeongsa)?
Keith: The detective yeah.
Seol: Oh what for? Is he carrying the knife too?
Keith: Probably.
Seol: Oh my god!
Hyunwoo: Not good.
Keith: All right, well let’s jump into the vocabulary. First word we have is
VOCAB LIST
Hyunwoo: 경찰서 (gyeongchalseo)
Keith: Police station.
Hyunwoo: 경찰서 (gyeongchalseo) [slowly - broken down by syllable] 경찰서 (gyeongchalseo)[natural native speed]
Keith: Next we have
Hyunwoo: 지하철 역 (jihacheol yeok)
Keith: Subway station.
Hyunwoo: 지하철 역 (jihacheol yeok) [slowly - broken down by syllable] 지하철 역 (jihacheol yeok) [natural native speed]
Keith: Next we have
Hyunwoo: 어디예요(eodiyeyo)?
Keith: Where is it?
Hyunwoo: 어디예요 (eodiyeyo)[slowly - broken down by syllable] 어디예요 (eodiyeyo) [natural native speed]
Keith: And next we have
Hyunwoo: 은행(eunhaeng).
Keith: Bank.
Hyunwoo: 은행(eunhaeng) [slowly - broken down by syllable] 은행 (eunhaeng) [natural native speed]
Keith: And next is
Hyunwoo: 편의점. (pyeonuijeom.)
Keith: Convenient store.
Hyunwoo: 편의점 (pyeonuijeom)[slowly - broken down by syllable] 편의점 (pyeonuijeom) [natural native speed]
Keith: And next is
Hyunwoo: 오른쪽. (oreunjjok.)
Keith: Right.
Hyunwoo: 오른쪽 (oreunjjok)[slowly - broken down by syllable] 오른쪽 (oreunjjok) [natural native speed]
Keith: Next.
Hyunwoo: 왼쪽(oenjjok).
Keith: Left.
Hyunwoo: 왼쪽 (oenjjok) [slowly - broken down by syllable] 왼쪽 (oenjjok) [natural native speed]
Keith: Next
Hyunwoo: 옆(yeop).
Keith: Side. Next
Hyunwoo: 옆(yeop) [slowly - broken down by syllable] 옆 (yeop)[natural native speed]
Keith: Next is
Hyunwoo: 앞(yeop).
Keith: In front.
Hyunwoo: 앞 (yeop)[slowly - broken down by syllable] 앞 (yeop) [natural native speed]
Keith: And finally we have
Hyunwoo: 뒤(dwi).
Keith: Behind.
Hyunwoo: 뒤 (dwi)[slowly - broken down by syllable] 뒤 (dwi)[natural native speed]
Keith: Wow, we had a lot of vocab words today hah!
Hyunwoo: That’s right.
Keith: Okay so just for a quick review, let’s go over front, back, left, right and to the side next to front.
Seol: 앞(yeop)
Keith: Behind
Seol: 뒤(dwi)
Keith: Left
Seol: 왼쪽 (oenjjok)
Keith: Right
Seol: 오른쪽 (oreunjjok)
Keith: Next to
Seol: 옆 (yeop)
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Keith: All right and as these are directional words, we are going to need a special particle for this and we don’t want to get too much into the grammar but just to let you know, you need something at the end of these words to indicate the direction that you are talking about. So what’s that particle that we need?
Seol: 에. (e.)
Keith: Let’s have those words with the particle, front.
Seol: 앞에. (ape.)
Keith: So that’s now in front instead of just front, in front. Next we have
Seol: 뒤에. (dwie.)
Keith: Behind. In the back of. So with that particle, it gives you the location. So in the back of, behind. Not just the noun, but the location. Next we have
Seol: 왼쪽에. (oenjjoge.)
Keith: To the left. It gives you that location. Next we have
Seol: 오른쪽에. (oreunjjoge.)
Keith: To the right. Next to, with the location.
Hyunwoo: 제 오른쪽에 윤설이 있어요. (je oreunjjoge yunseori isseoyo.)
Keith: To my right is 윤설 (yunseol).
Hyunwoo: 제 왼쪽에 (je oenjjoge) Keith가 있어요(ga isseoyo).
Keith: To my left is Keith. So if you remember, we have 에 있어요 (e isseoyo) that verb, that verb of existence in a certain location. That’s what we are using today. So let’s see it in use in today’s conversation. The first line we have is
Seol: 아저씨… 경찰서가 어디예요? (ajeossitt gyeongchalseoga eodiyeyo?)
Keith: Okay first we have
Seol: 아저씨 (ajeossi)
Keith: Mister, the title.
Seol: 경찰서 (gyeongchalseo)
Keith: Police station.
Seol: 가 (ga)
Keith: Subject marking particle.
Seol: 어디예요 (eodiyeyo)?
Keith: Where is. Now this is a great phrase to know if you are learning Korean. Can we have that phrase again?
Seol: 어디예요(eodiyeyo)?
Keith: Where is it and whatever you are looking for, just put it before that phrase. So let’s go over a few examples.
Seol: 학교가 어디예요? (hakgyoga eodiyeyo?)
Keith: Where is the school?
Hyunwoo: 아가씨, 집이 어디예요? (agassi, jibi eodiyeyo?)
Keith: 아가씨 (agassi) is a young lady, where is your home 집(jip). 집 (jip) home 어디예요(eodiyeyo) where is. So whatever you are looking for, in front and then you add 어디예요 (eodiyeyo) where is. All right next we have
Hyunwoo: 경찰서(gyeongchalseo)?
Keith: Police station. Rising intonation, it’s a question.
Hyunwoo: 지하철 역 앞에 있어. (jihacheol yeok ape isseo.)
Keith: All right. Let’s slow down for that. First word we have is
Hyunwoo: 지하철 역. (jihacheol yeok.)
Keith: Subway station. Now once again, this is another great phrase to know if you are going to be in Korea because subways are a great way to travel in Korea. All right, so we have 지하철 역 (jihacheol yeok) subway station and now we have
Hyunwoo: 앞에 (ape)
Keith: Let’s break that down real quick.
Hyunwoo: 앞 (ap)
Keith: Front.
Hyunwoo: 에 (e)
Keith: That locational particle that we need. So 앞에 (ape) in front. And now we have
Hyunwoo: 있어. (isseo.)
Keith: Is, exists. So in front exists, it’s in front. So when you ask question 어디에 있어요(eodie isseoyo) what’s the answer you would likely get?
Hyunwoo: 어디 어디에 있어. (eodi eodie isseo.)
Keith: Directional word 에 that particle 있어요 (isseoyo) is, exists. All right, so here he says 지하철 역 앞에 (jihacheol yeok ape) subway station in front of 있어 (isseo) exists. And this is in the intimate politeness level. To raise up the politeness a little bit, you can just add 요, 있어요. (yo, isseoyo.) All right next we have
Seol: 아줌마… 경찰서가 어디예요? (ajummatt gyeongchalseoga eodiyeyo?)
Keith: Same question as before 경찰서가 어디예요?. (gyeongchalseoga eodiyeyo?.) Police station where is, where is the police station. All right, next we have
Hyunwoo: 경찰서? (gyeongchalseo?)
Keith: Police station? Rising intonation, it’s a question and now we have
Hyunwoo: 은행 뒤에 있어. (eunhaeng dwie isseo.)
Keith: Okay let’s break it down.
Hyunwoo: 은행 (eunhaeng)
Keith: Bank.
Hyunwoo: 뒤 (dwi)
Keith: Behind.
Hyunwoo: 에 (e)
Keith: That locational particle
Hyunwoo: 있어 (isseo).
Keith: Exist at. So behind its bank behind at is, it’s behind the bank. All right, in the next line, we have
Seol: 아저씨… 경찰서가 어디예요? (ajeossitt gyeongchalseoga eodiyeyo?)
Keith: Same question again. Mister, where is the police station and now we have
Hyunwoo: 편의점 옆에 있어요. (pyeonuijeom yeope isseoyo.)
Keith: Okay the first word is
Hyunwoo: 편의점 (pyeonuijeom)
Keith: Convenient store.
Hyunwoo: 옆 (yeop)
Keith: Next
Hyunwoo: 에 (e)
Keith: At.
Hyunwoo: 있어요(isseoyo).
Keith: Is. It’s next to the convenient store and now Ryuji is walking a little bit more.
Seol: 편의점 오른쪽에 있어요? (pyeonuijeom oreunjjoge isseoyo?)
Keith: Okay let’s break it down real quick.
Seol: 편의점 (pyeonuijeom)
Keith: Convenient store.
Seol: 오른쪽 (oreunjjok)
Keith: Right followed by
Seol: 에 (e)
Keith: At.
Seol: 있어요(isseoyo)?
Keith: Is. So convenient store right at is, is it to the right of the convenient store or is it at the right of the convenient store. All right now we have
Hyunwoo: 아니요. 왼쪽에 있어요. (aniyo. oenjjoge isseoyo.)
Keith: No. Let’s break down that second half.
Hyunwoo: 왼쪽 (oenjjok)
Keith: Left.
Hyunwoo: 에 (e)
Keith: At
Hyunwoo: 있어요(isseoyo).
Keith: It exist is. So left at exist. It’s at the left or it’s to the left. These 오른쪽 (oreunjjok) and 왼쪽 (oenjjok) are very, very useful whenever you are taking a taxi or if you are asking for directions. 어디에 있어요? 은행 어디에 있어요? 경찰서가 어디에 있어요? (eodie isseoyo? eunhaeng eodie isseoyo? gyeongchalseoga eodie isseoyo?) When you are asking where things are, 왼쪽, 오른쪽 (oenjjok, oreunjjok) those are the two basic ones that you are going to need, left and right and the way I remembered it when I was a child was 왼 (oen) is one syllable, that’s left and 오른 (oreun) is right, two syllables and my mom always told me, oh the right one is the more important one. Everyone writes with the right hand. So the less important one is one syllable, the more important one, two syllables.
Seol: Yeah good way to remember.
Keith: I don’t know. That’s what my mom told me. All right and lastly just finish this up.
Seol: 아! 여기다. (a! yeogida.)
Keith: Okay ah it’s here. All right, so he found police station.
Hyunwoo: 경찰서를 찾았군요. (gyeongchalseoreul chajatgunyo.) What’s going to happen?
Keith: Well the listeners are going to have to stick around and find out. Newbie Lesson #25 is our last in this series.
Seol: Oh really?
Keith: Yeah. It’s going to be our grand finale.
Hyunwoo: What’s going to happen to Ryuji after that?
Keith: I don’t know. Go back to jail? He is looking for the police station. Something is going to happen.
Hyunwoo: Ah…

Outro

Keith: All right. So until our last lesson next week, remember to stop by KoreanClass101.com. There we have an accompanying PDF with all of these directional words in them. So if you are traveling around Korea and you need to remember these words, we have them all laid out there for you. Remember to pick that up and check it out. Okay that’s going to do it. See you guys next week.
Seol: Bye bye.
Hyunwoo: 감사합니다. (gamsahamnida.)

Grammar

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65 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Do you think you can practice these with some Koreans in your neighborhood?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:36 AM
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Hello Manasvi,


Thanks for posting!! I'm sure that you will be able to speak fluently with our lessons! 😄

Keep up the good work and feel free to let us know if you have any inquiries!


Kind regards,

Hyeon Yeong Seo

Team KoreanClass101.com

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 01:09 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Semi,


Great job! Don't forget to add the location particle in this sentence:


제 집은 은행 뒤 있어요


Otherwise, great work!


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Semi
Friday at 09:36 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

안녕하세요 Lyn!


Thanks for the answer and the explanation


제 집은 학교 옆에 있어요


제 집은 은행 뒤 있어요


제 학교는 은행 오른쪽에 있어요


제 집은 학교 왼쪽에 있어요


감사합니다!!!

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 09:13 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Semi,


Thanks for posting. Just remember, you use the subject marking particle 이 after words that end with consonants(batchims), and he subject marking particle 가 after words that end with vowels. Also, try to think carefully about whether the word is a topic or a subject. If it is a topic, it needs the topic marking particles 은(after consonants) or 는(after vowels).


학교가 집 앞에 있어요 (o)

제 집가 학교 옆에 있어요 (x) Here, 'home' is the topic, not subject, of the sentence.

제 집가 은행 뒤 있어요 (x) Here, 'home' is the topic, not subject, of the sentence.

제 학교가 은행 오른쪽에 있어요 (x) Here, 'home' is the topic, not subject, of the sentence.

제 집가 학교 왼쪽에 있어요 (x) Here, 'home' is the topic, not subject, of the sentence.


Now could you try rewriting the sentences based on the explanation above?

Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Semi
Saturday at 10:10 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

안녕하세요


Can You tell me if this correct please?


학교가 집 앞에 있어요

제 집가 학교 옆에 있어요

제 집가 은행 뒤 있어요

제 학교가 은행 오른쪽에 있어요

제 집가 학교 왼쪽에 있어요


감사합니다

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 04:28 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Sakina,


Thanks for posting. 'ga' is a subject marking particle. We have a lesson series which will be of help:


https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson-library/particles/


Please check the series out (it should be lesson 2).


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sakina :)
Saturday at 08:35 PM
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Hi! 안녕하세요!


I'm a bit confused as to when -가 is used. Can you please briefly explain it?

Plus, I feel bad for Ryuji, never getting a clear answer 😜


감사합니다!

Maila
Thursday at 12:10 PM
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Hi! I’m a bit confused between the stationary action and static location and forms lol. Could you please explain? Thanks so much or 감사합니다😊

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 04:47 PM
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안녕하세요 Tithi,


Thank you for taking the time to leave us your kind comment. 😇

If you have any questions, please let us know! 잘 하고 와. Good luck!


Sincerely,

레벤테 (Levente)

Team KoreanClass101.com

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 04:32 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

안녕하세요 Mhervin,


Could you please let us know what you found especially challenging in the lesson? :)


Sincerely,

레벤테 (Levente)

Team KoreanClass101.com