Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Dana: Hi, everyone. I'm Dana.
Jaehwi: And I'm Jaehwi.
Dana: And welcome to Must-Know Korean Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 31 - Asking for Instructions.
Dana: In this lesson, you'll learn a sentence pattern for asking for instructions.
PATTERN
Dana: For example...
Dana: "How do I turn on this coffee machine?"
Jaehwi: 이 커피머신 어떻게 틀어요? (i keopimeosin eotteokke teureoyo?)
Jaehwi: [slow] 이 커피머신 어떻게 틀어요? (i keopimeosin eotteokke teureoyo?)
Dana: The pattern for asking for instructions has 4 elements. First, there’s the demonstrative pronoun.
Jaehwi: 이 (i).
Dana: Second, you say the noun.
Jaehwi: 커피머신 (keopimeosin).
Dana: Third, the adverb.
Jaehwi: 어떻게 (eotteokke).
Dana: And last, you use the verb stem plus the inquisitive present
Jaehwi: 아/어/여요 (a/eo/yeoyo).
Jaehwi: 틀어요 (teureoyo).
Dana: All together, we have "How do I turn on this coffee machine?"
Jaehwi: 이 커피머신 어떻게 틀어요? (i keopimeosin eotteokke teureoyo?) [slow] 이 커피머신 어떻게 틀어요? (i keopimeosin eotteokke teureoyo?) [normal] 이 커피머신 어떻게 틀어요? (i keopimeosin eotteokke teureoyo?)
Dana: You start with a pronoun and a noun to indicate what you are specifically asking how to do, followed by the adverb…
Jaehwi: 어떻게 (eotteokke), which means “how.”
Dana: You end the sentence with the verb stem and the sentence ending…
Jaehwi: 아/어/여요 (a/eo/yeoyo).
Jaehwi: 이 커피머신 어떻게 틀어요? (i keopimeosin eotteokke teureoyo?)
Dana: So remember, you can use this phrase to ask for instructions.
Dana: Here is another example, meaning "How do you put on that outfit?" First, use the demonstrative pronoun.
Jaehwi: 그 (geu).
Dana: Second, say the noun.
Jaehwi: 옷 (ot).
Dana: Third, use the adverb.
Jaehwi: 어떻게 (eotteokke).
Dana: And last, say the verb stem plus the inquisitive present…
Jaehwi: 아/어/여요 (a/eo/yeoyo).
Jaehwi: 입어요 (ibeoyo).
Dana: All together, we have...
Jaehwi: 그 옷 어떻게 입어요? (geu ot eotteoge ibeoyo?) [slow] 그 옷 어떻게 입어요? (geu ot eotteoge ibeoyo?) [normal] 그 옷 어떻게 입어요? (geu ot eotteoge ibeoyo?)
Dana: "How do you put on that outfit?"
[pause]
Jaehwi: 그 옷 어떻게 입어요? (geu ot eotteoge ibeoyo?)
Dana: How do you say "How do you use this computer"? To give you a hint, "use" is...
Jaehwi: 사용 (sayong). [slow] 사용 (sayong). [normal] 사용 (sayong).
Dana: "How do you use this computer?"
[pause]
Jaehwi: 이 컴퓨터 어떻게 사용해요? (i keompyuteo eotteoke sayonghaeyo) [slow] 이 컴퓨터 어떻게 사용해요? (i keompyuteo eotteoke sayonghaeyo) [normal] 이 컴퓨터 어떻게 사용해요? (i keompyuteo eotteoke sayonghaeyo)
[pause]
Jaehwi: 이 컴퓨터 어떻게 사용해요? (i keompyuteo eotteoke sayonghaeyo)
REVIEW
Dana: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I'll tell you the English equivalent of the phrase and you say it in Korean. Here we go.
Dana: "How do I turn on this coffee machine?"
[pause]
Jaehwi: 이 커피머신 어떻게 틀어요? (i keopimeosin eotteokke teureoyo?)
[pause]
Jaehwi: 이 커피머신 어떻게 틀어요? (i keopimeosin eotteokke teureoyo?)
Dana: "How do you put on that outfit?"
[pause]
Jaehwi: 그 옷 어떻게 입어요? (geu ot eotteoge ibeoyo?)
[pause]
Jaehwi: 그 옷 어떻게 입어요? (geu ot eotteoge ibeoyo?)
Dana: "How do you use this computer?"
[pause]
Jaehwi: 이 컴퓨터 어떻게 사용해요? (i keompyuteo eotteoke sayonghaeyo)
[pause]
Jaehwi: 이 컴퓨터 어떻게 사용해요? (i keompyuteo eotteoke sayonghaeyo)

Outro

Dana: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for asking for instructions, as in...
Jaehwi: 이 커피머신 어떻게 틀어요? (i keopimeosin eotteokke teureoyo?)
Dana: ...meaning "How do I turn on this coffee machine?"
Dana: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out at KoreanClass101.com. Thanks, everyone, and see you next time!
Jaehwi: 그럼 다음 시간에 만나요! (Geureom daeum sigane mannayo!).
---
Line by Line Audio, Additional Lines
4. 이 모자 어떻게 써요?
5. 이 모자 어떻게 안 써요?
6. 저 모자 어떻게 써요?

3 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Have you learned new instructions recently? Share them in the comments!

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:10 AM
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Hi Sebastian,


Thank you for commenting. Yes, this is because native Koreans tend to omit particles in colloquial Korean. This is also why you need to know the particles, so that you can decipher which particle was omitted (and what the sentence would translate to when it did have the correct particles included).


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sebastian
Monday at 04:45 PM
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Hi


Why is there no subject/object/topic marker in these sentences? I heard that Koreans just leave them out in speech oftentimes, is that the case here?


Thanks!