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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Lyn: And I'm Lyn.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Korean Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 18. Making Negative Commands.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for requesting someone to refrain from doing something.
PATTERN
Eric: For example,
Eric: "Do not smoke indoors."
Lyn: 실내에서 담배 피지 마세요. (sillaeeseo dambae piji maseyo.)
Lyn: [slow] 실내에서 담배 피지 마세요. (sillaeeseo dambae piji maseyo.)
Eric: The pattern for requesting someone to refrain from doing something has 4 elements. First, the phrase "indoor, inside a room."
Lyn: 실내에서 (sillaeeseo).
Eric: Second, the noun, "cigarette."
Lyn: 담배 (dambae).
Eric: Third, the verb stem, "to smoke."
Lyn: 피 (pi).
Eric: And last, the phrase "please do not."
Lyn: 지 마세요 (ji maseyo).
Eric: Altogether, we have... "Do not smoke indoors."
Lyn: 실내에서 담배 피지 마세요. (sillaeeseo dambae piji maseyo.) [slow] 실내에서 담배 피지 마세요. (sillae-eseo dambae piji maseyo.) [normal] 실내에서 담배 피지 마세요. (sillaeeseo dambae piji maseyo.)
Eric: In order to ask someone not to do something, you need to use the phrase...
Lyn: -지 마세요 (-ji maseyo)
Eric: at the end of the sentence. To specify which action to refrain from, you just need to put the verb stem in front of
Lyn: -지 마세요 (-ji maseyo).
Eric: Therefore, you can say “Don’t smoke” as in…
Lyn: 피지 마세요. (piji maseyo.)
Eric: Also, you can also add a location at the beginning as we have in the example.
Lyn: 실내에서 담배 피지 마세요. (sillaeeseo dambae piji maseyo.)
Eric: So remember that to request someone to refrain from doing something, simply say the verb stem plus
Lyn: -지 마세요 (-ji maseyo).
Eric: Here is another example meaning, "Do not eat ramen in the classroom." First, the phrase "in a classroom."
Lyn: 교실에서 (gyosireseo).
Eric: Second, the noun, "ramen."
Lyn: 라면 (ramyeon).
Eric: Third, the verb stem, "to eat."
Lyn: 먹 (meok).
Eric: And last, the phrase "please do not."
Lyn: 지 마세요 (ji maseyo).
Eric: Altogether we have...
Lyn: 교실에서 라면 먹지 마세요. (gyosireseo ramyeon meokji maseyo.) [slow] 교실에서 라면 먹지 마세요. (gyosireseo ramyeon meokji maseyo.) [normal] 교실에서 라면 먹지 마세요. (gyosireseo ramyeon meokji maseyo.)
Eric: "Do not eat ramen in the classroom."
[pause]
Lyn: 교실에서 라면 먹지 마세요. (gyosireseo ramyeon meokji maseyo.)
Eric: How do you say - "Do not make noise in the movie theater"? To give you a hint, the verb-stem, "to make a noise" is...
Lyn: 떠들 (tteodeul). [slow] 떠들 (tteodeul). [normal] 떠들 (tteodeul).
Eric: "Do not make noise in the movie theater."
[pause]
Lyn: 영화관에서 떠들지 마세요. (yeonghwagwaneseo tteodeulji maseyo.) [slow] 영화관에서 떠들지 마세요. (yeonghwagwaneseo tteodeulji maseyo.) [normal] 영화관에서 떠들지 마세요. (yeonghwagwaneseo tteodeulji maseyo.)
[pause]
Lyn: 영화관에서 떠들지 마세요. (yeonghwagwaneseo tteodeulji maseyo.)
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in Korean. Here we go.
Eric: "Do not smoke indoors."
[pause]
Lyn: 실내에서 담배 피지 마세요. (sillaeeseo dambae piji maseyo.)
[pause]
Lyn: 실내에서 담배 피지 마세요. (sillaeeseo dambae piji maseyo.)
Eric: "Do not eat ramen in the classroom."
[pause]
Lyn: 교실에서 라면 먹지 마세요. (gyosireseo ramyeon meokji maseyo.)
[pause]
Lyn: 교실에서 라면 먹지 마세요. (gyosireseo ramyeon meokji maseyo.)
Eric: "Do not make noise in the movie theater."
[pause]
Lyn: 영화관에서 떠들지 마세요. (yeonghwagwaneseo tteodeulji maseyo.)
[pause]
Lyn: 영화관에서 떠들지 마세요. (yeonghwagwaneseo tteodeulji maseyo.)

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for requesting someone to refrain from doing something, as in...
Lyn: 실내에서 담배 피지 마세요. (sillaeeseo dambae piji maseyo.)
Eric: meaning "Do not smoke indoors."
Eric: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on KoreanClass101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Lyn: 그럼 다음 시간에 만나요! (Geureom daeum sigane mannayo!)

3 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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How would you tell someone "don't run in the hallway"?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 03:39 PM
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안녕하세요 Patricie,


We are very happy to hear that. You are very welcome. 😇

If you have any questions, please let us know! 잘 하고 와. Good luck!


Sincerely,

레벤테 (Levente)

Team KoreanClass101.com

Patricie
Wednesday at 01:08 AM
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Hello,


nice, thank you 👍.


Patricie