Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
In this lesson, you’ll finish up the Korean vowels. With a solid understanding of the ten vowel sounds, pronouncing Korean will become very easy, so make sure to review until you feel completely confident!
Compare these five new vowels to the five you already know. What’s the obvious difference? The answer is that the vowels we learned before all have a long vertical stroke, and these new vowels have a long horizontal stroke. In fact, if you rotated the first five vowels, you would end up with the new vowels we’re going to learn today.
When writing syllables in Korean, it’s important to think about whether the vowel you’re using is a tall vowel or a fat vowel. The reason is that the way you assemble the characters into blocks will change depending on the shape of the vowel. For example...
You know what to do when the vowel is tall, right? You add the consonant to the left of the vowel. But if the vowel is fat, you would add the consonant on top. Think about it like this: you need to fill up a square. So the consonant adjusts to fill rest of the space.
Here is your first fat vowel: ㅗ. It is pronounced like this: (alternating male and female pronunciation of 오) Here’s a good way to remember this one: the small stroke is over the long stroke.
Flip that character over and you get the next vowel: ㅜ (alternating male and female pronunciation of 우) You can remember this pronunciation by thinking of the small stroke being under the large stroke.
How about some vocabulary words. Can you read this word?
This is 오이, which means “cucumber.”
How about this word?
This is 여우, which means “fox.”
You now know four vowels that are made from a long stroke and a short stroke. Take a look at them together.
From the top, going clockwise you have (alternating male and female pronunciation of 오) (alternating male and female pronunciation of 아)
(alternating male and female pronunciation of 우) (alternating male and female pronunciation of 어)
When you add another short stroke, a “Y” sound is added to the front of these sounds. Take a look at the new characters today.
Add another short stroke to 오 and it becomes (alternating male and female pronunciation of 요)
Likewise, take 우 and add another short stroke and it becomes (alternating male and female pronunciation of 유)
Can you read these four vowels now? Counterclockwise from the top... (alternating male and female pronunciation of 요) (alternating male and female pronunciation of 야)
(alternating male and female pronunciation of 유) (alternating male and female pronunciation of 여)
One more: ㅡ (alternating male and female pronunciation of 으) The shape of this vowel actually resembles the shape of your mouth when you say it.
Now for some example words. Can you read this?
This is 우유, which means “milk.”
And this?
This is 요. It’s a formal sentence-ending particle. You put it at the end of a sentence to make it polite. For example, “우유요”
How about this word?
It’s 이유, which means “reason.”
There you go! You’ve just learned all the basic vowels in Korean! These vowels will appear in every single syllable of Korean, so the more you know them now, the easier future lessons will be.
In the next lesson, you’ll start learning consonant sounds. This is where your Korean ability will really start to take off, so be sure to watch the next lesson at KoreanClass101.com! 여러분 다음에 만나요

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KoreanClass101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Let's practice writing Hangul on your computer too : )

Change your keyboard setting in Korean, and hit the English keys written next to the Korean characters. (Don't press shift key when you type)

ㅗ (type H)

ㅛ (type Y)

ㅜ (type N)

ㅠ (type B)

ㅡ (type M)

우유(type DNDB)


어여(type DJDU)

KoreanClass101.com
Saturday at 5:13 am
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Hi Vanessa,


Thanks for posting. The vowel that makes the 'yu' sound is ㅠ.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Vanessa
Friday at 1:13 am
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Hi I am unsure what sound 유 makes?

KoreanClass101.com
Wednesday at 6:16 am
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Hi Alex,


Thanks for posting. Unless followed by a nasal consonant afterward, it is pronounced as 't'.


Example:

솟다-->sotta

못이-->mosi


Hope this was of help.

Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com


Alex
Monday at 3:50 am
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Question does ㅅis used as t in the end of the word

KoreanClass101.com
Sunday at 5:40 pm
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Hi Jessica,


There are 4 types of accounts on KoreanClass101: Free Lifetime Account, Basic, Premium, and Premium PLUS.


When you sign up for KoreanClass101 for the first time, you have a 7-day Premium trial to check the entire site out. After those 7 days, you're a Free user... which means you have access to all our new lessons that we publish and the first 3 of every series.


It costs nothing to register and start listening to these lessons. It will only cost if you'd like to upgrade and access more lessons and features.


Hope this answered your question!


Best Regards,

Cristiane

Team KoreanClass101.com

Jessica
Sunday at 12:27 am
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Do i have to pay to continue the other lessons ?? Lesson 4 and down won’t allow me to watch the video

KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 5:53 am
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Hi Theagan,


Thank you for posting, sorry to hear that you are having trouble with the pronunciation. We have a lesson series focusing only on the way consonants and vowels are pronounced, which may be of help:


https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/ultimate-korean-pronunciation-guide-1-introduction-to-perfect-korean-pronunciation/


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Theagan
Tuesday at 1:21 am
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Hi,

I am struggling in my pronunciations, mostly in being able to easily distinguish between the sounds of 어 and 오 if I change 어 too much it starts to sound like 아 while if I try to change 오 too much it starts to sound like 우. Do you have any advice to get clearer differences between them?


KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 5:59 pm
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Hello Mai and athela,


Thank you so much for your comments!


@Mai

Thanks for asking us a good question!

I think athela has given us wonderful examples!

For [ㅛ], you may think of yo-yo. ;)


@athela

Thanks a bunch for your help! 👍👍


It's always exciting to come across comments with meaningful questions and practical answers! :)

Please keep up the good work, everyone! Thank you!


Best,

Rebecca

Team KoreanClass101.com

athela
Sunday at 3:22 am
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Hi Mai,


For the ㅡ it sounds like errr, like what you say when you find something disgusting but with your mouth narrower, almost making the same shape.

For the ㅠ it has the same sound as the english word 'you'.

For the ㅛ it is the ㅗ with a 'y' sound in front.

You got the ㅗ correct.

I hope this helped you!