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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
We’re continuing our introduction to the batchim position, which refers to the consonant after vowel in a syllable.
There are two more rules where a consonant in the batchim position has a different sound than what you would expect. That will be the subject of today’s lesson.
Remember when we were learning the consonant sounds? We came across quite a few sounds which were tenser versions of other sounds. For example. ㄱ(그), ㅋ(크), ㄲ(끄). This includes double consonants, as well as aspirated consonants. In all of these instances, the sound reverts back to the softest sound.
Let’s look at one word for each consonant. Pay attention to the way the batchim consonant sounds.
여/ㄱ - 역[yeok]
station
부어/ㄱ - 부엌[bu-eok]
kitchen
바/ㄱ - 밖[bak]
outside
커/ㅂ - 컵[keop]
cup
아/ㅂ - 앞[ap]
the front
고/ㄷ - 곧[got]
soon
바/ㄷ - 밭[bat]
field
Got it? To summarize, if you see a *strengthened* consonant in the batchim, remove the strength from it.
Ready for rule number 2? The following consonants all sound like ㄷ when they’re in the batchim.
마/ㄷ - 맛 - taste
나/ㄷ - 낮 - daytime
노/ㄷ//타 - 놓다 - to put
I said there are only two rules, but there is one instance where you actually use both rules at once!
These consonants are all strengthened consonants, so you would remove all the strength from them and get ㅅ.
But remember rule 2? ㅅ becomes ㄷ when it’s in the batchim! So you would pronounce ㅊ, ㅆ, and ㅈ as ㄷ.
마/ㄷ - 맛[mat]
이/ㄷ/다 - 있다[it-da]
나/ㄷ - 낮[nat]
꼬/ㄷ - 꽃[kkot]
A lot to remember, but there’s more! As I mentioned, when two consonants collide in Korean, sometimes special rules apply. In the next lesson, we’re going to cover every single one of those rules so you won’t get tripped up in the future.
See you on the next Hana Hana Hangul! 여러분 다음에 만나요.

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KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 05:43 PM
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Hello Amar,


Thanks for posting. That's a good question!

It's because ㅉ is not used as Batchim in any case. From the double consonants, we only use ㄲ and ㅆ as Batchim.


Hope you find this helpful.

Feel free to let us know if you have any inquiries!


Kind regards,

Hyeon Yeong Seo

Team KoreanClass101.com

Amar
Friday at 12:22 PM
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안녕하세요!


I want to thank you all for this program. These lessons are amazing and have been very helpful!!

I have a question about ㅅ(in cases where rules 1 & 2 combine). Is it only ㅆ, ㅊ, ㅈ that revert to ㅅ, which then becomes ㄷ? I am confused as to why ㅉ does not become a ㄷ like ㅆ, ㅊ, ㅈ since its softest sound would be ㅅ.


Thank you again for this lesson!!


Have a great day/night,

Amar

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:54 PM
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Hello Anna,


Good question!


Since 맛 is pronounced as [맏], 맛있다 should be pronounced as [마딛따].

However in real life many Korean people pronounce 맛있다 as [마싣따]. Therefor, even if [마싣따] is not following the original rule, it's allowed as a correct pronunciation.


Hope this helps!

Enjoy your study and feel free to let us know if you have any inquiries!


Kind regards,

Hyeon Yeong Seo

Team KoreanClass101.com

Anna
Monday at 08:03 PM
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Thank you for the lesson!


I'm wondering this: why is the ㅅ in 맛있다 pronounced as "s" and in 맛없다 as "t"? Confusion with regard to the batchim rules in those two words!

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 05:51 PM
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Hello 유라,


Thanks for posting.

Enjoy your study and feel free to let us know if you have any inquiries!


Kind regards,

Hyeon Yeong Seo

Team KoreanClass101.com

유라
Wednesday at 01:02 AM
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안녕,


있다


Thank you,

유라

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 10:35 AM
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Hi Regula, Muna,


Thanks for posting. Yes, batchims can be tricky, but try to remember it like this--they exist to make it easier for you to pronounce words. If you try pronouncing words with batchim really quickly, you'll realize that it actually sounds like what the batchim rules suggest. So please, try to pronounce everything out loud, and you'll get the hang of it. Don't give up!


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

muna
Saturday at 05:27 PM
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great lesson till now but it's getting real hard

Regula
Friday at 02:18 PM
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Up until this lesson I thought: I got this 😅 Bat-chim, why???

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:02 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Liz,


Thanks for posting, we're glad to hear it!

Please let us know if you have any other inquiries.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com