Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gyeongeun: 안녕하세요. 최경은입니다.
Hyunwoo: Hyunwoo here. Beginner Series, Season 5, Lesson #16.
Gyeongeun: Hello everyone. I am 경은 and welcome to KoreanClass101.com.
Hyunwoo: With us, you will learn to speak Korean with fun and effective lessons.
Gyeongeun: We also provide you with cultural insights
Hyunwoo: And tips you won’t find in a textbook. So 경은씨 in this lesson what are we going to learn?
Gyeongeun: In this lesson, you will learn how to say What If to show one’s worries or concerns.
Hyunwoo: And where does this conversation take place?
Gyeongeun: This conversation takes place in the university campus.
Hyunwoo: And who is the conversation between?
Gyeongeun: The conversation is between 민서 and 성훈.
Hyunwoo: And 민서 is younger than 성훈. So she is talking in polite language to 성훈.
Gyeongeun: 존댓말
Hyunwoo: Now if you are listening on an iPod.
Gyeongeun: Or an iTouch or iPhone
Hyunwoo: Click the center button of the iPod or tap the screen on an iTouch or iPhone to see the notes for this lesson while you listen.
Gyeongeun: Read along while you listen.
Hyunwoo: This technique will help you remember faster. Okay let’s listen to the conversation.
Gyeongeun: 네, 들어봐요.
DIALOGUE
성훈: 민서야!
민서: 어, 성훈 오빠. 안녕하세요.
성훈: 안녕. 도서관 가?
민서: 도서관이요? 아니요. 저 지금 수업 들으러 가요.
성훈: 그래? 잘 됐다. 학생증 좀 빌려 줘. 도서관에서 책을 빌려야 되는데, 안 가져왔어.
민서: 제 학생증이요? 걸리면 어떡해요?
성훈: 괜찮아. 안 걸려.
민서: 저도 책 빌려야 되는데, 책 못 빌리면 어떡해요?
성훈: 괜찮아. 괜찮아. 야, 너 수업 늦으면 어떡해? 빨리 학생증 주고 가.
민서: 음... 오빠 그러면 절대 걸리지 마세요! 여기요. 나중에 전화 주세요.
성훈: 그래 그래. 고마워! 오... 민서 학생증 사진이 왜 이렇게 예뻐?
seonghun: minseo-ya!
minseo: eo, seonghun oppa. annyeonghaseyo.
seonghun: annyeong. doseogwan ga?
minseo: doseogwan-iyo? aniyo. jeo jigeum su-eop deureureo gayo.
seonghun: geurae? jal dwaetda. haksaengjeung jom billyeo jwo. doseogwan-eseo chaek-eul billyeoya doeneunde, an gajyeowasseo.
minseo: je haksaengjeung-iyo? geollimyeon eotteokhaeyo?
seonghun: gwaenchana. an geollyeo.
minseo: jeo-do chael billyeoya doeneunde, chaek mot billimyeon eotteokaeyo?
seonghun: gwaenchana. gwaenchana. ya, neo su-eop neujeumyeon eotteokhae? ppalli haksaengjeung jugo ga.
minseo: eum... oppa geureomyeon jeoldae geolliji maseyo! yeogiyo. najung-e jeonhwa juseyo.
seonghun: geurae geurae. gomawo! o... minseo haksaengjeung sajin-i wae ireoke yeppeo?
Seonghun: Hey, Minseo.
Minseo: Oh, Seonghun. Hi.
Seonghun: Hi. Are you going to the library?
Minseo: To the library? No. I'm on my way to take my class.
Seonghun: You are? That's good. Lend me your student card. I have to borrow a book from the library, but I didn't bring mine.
Minseo: My student card? What if you get caught?
Seonghun: It's okay. I'm not going to get caught.
Minseo: I have to borrow books. What if I can't borrow books?
Seonghun: It's all right. It's all right. Hey, you shouldn't be late for the class! Give me your student card quickly and go.
Minseo: Hmm...then please make sure you don't get caught! Here. Give me a call later.
Seonghun: Okay. Okay. Thanks! (to himself) Wow...she looks so gorgeous in this picture on her student card!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Hyunwoo: So, 경은씨, what was the word for student card?
Gyeongeun: 학생증
Hyunwoo: Right. Have you ever borrowed anybody’s 학생증 before?
Gyeongeun: I don’t know. I don’t think I have. Why?
Hyunwoo: Because it’s always funny to look at the student card photos. 학생증 사진.
Gyeongeun: Yeah right.
Hyunwoo: The photos that people submit for their student cards are usually photos from their high school days or just after they graduated and people don’t usually change their student card photo for a longtime.
Gyeongeun: Yeah right. So they have a photo of when they were 20 years old even when they are 26 years old.
Hyunwoo: Yeah and I personally think that’s a bigger reason that 민서 in this dialogue was hesitating to land her student card to someone.
Gyeongeun: Maybe
VOCAB LIST
Hyunwoo: Maybe. Okay now let’s move on to the vocabulary of this lesson. Okay what’s the first word in today’s vocabulary?
Gyeongeun: 도서관
Hyunwoo: Library.
Gyeongeun: 도서관 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 도서관 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: 그 다음에는
Gyeongeun: 수업
Hyunwoo: Class, lesson.
Gyeongeun: 수업 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 수업 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: 그리고
Gyeongeun: 수업을 듣다
Hyunwoo: To take a class, to go to a lecture.
Gyeongeun: 수업을 듣다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 수업을 듣다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: 그리고
Gyeongeun: 학생증
Hyunwoo: Student card.
Gyeongeun: 학생증 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 학생증 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: 그 다음에는
Gyeongeun: 빌리다
Hyunwoo: To borrow, to rent.
Gyeongeun: 빌리다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 빌리다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: 그리고
Gyeongeun: 걸리다
Hyunwoo: To get caught.
Gyeongeun: 걸리다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 걸리다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: 그 다음에는
Gyeongeun: 절대
Hyunwoo: Never
Gyeongeun: 절대 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 절대 [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Hyunwoo: Okay now let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. So the first word we are looking at is
Gyeongeun: 걸리다
Hyunwoo: To be caught.
Gyeongeun: 걸리다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 걸리다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: Here 걸리다 means to be caught but actually this verb can be translated into many different English words.
Gyeongeun: 네, 맞아요. For example, you can say 전화가 걸리다.
Hyunwoo: A phone call is made, a phone is dialed. So when a phone isn’t working, you can say 전화가 안 걸려요.
Gyeongeun: 네. And also 감기에 걸리다.
Hyunwoo: To catch a cold 감기에 걸리지 마세요, 여러분. As you can see, 걸리다 has a lot of meanings but here it was used as to be caught doing something or to be busted.
Gyeongeun: 네, 맞아요.
Hyunwoo: 그럼 그 다음 단어는 뭐예요?
Gyeongeun: 절대
Hyunwoo: Absolutely not, never.
Gyeongeun: 절대 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 절대 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: When you look up never in your dictionary, you sometimes see words like 결코, 전혀 but 절대 is the most commonly used word.
Gyeongeun: 네, 맞아요. 결코는 평소에 잘 안 써요.
Hyunwoo: Right. We don’t use the word 결코 very often in everyday conversations. 우리는 결코 결코를 자주 안 써요. All right. So how about we have a look at the grammar point of today’s lesson?
Gyeongeun: 네, 좋아요.

Lesson focus

Hyunwoo: Okay what’s the grammar point of this lesson?
Gyeongeun: The grammar point of this lesson is how to say What If to show one’s worries and concerns.
Hyunwoo: As in the example.
Gyeongeun: 늦으면 어떡해요?
Hyunwoo: What if you are late?
Gyeongeun: When you are worried about something that might happen or not happen and want to say what if, you can use this structure 으면 어떡해요.
Hyunwoo: Right and the part 어떡해요 means what should I do or what must we do. So 어떡해요 is not actually just one verb right?
Gyeongeun: 네. 어떡해요 actually comes from 어떻게 해요.
Hyunwoo: And of course, you can drop the 요 at the end to say this in the intimate language.
Gyeongeun: Yeah and although the basic meaning of this structure is what if someone does something or what if something happens, when you say this after something already happened, it is used as a way of accusing or blaming someone.
Hyunwoo: For example.
Gyeongeun: 지금 오면 어떡해요?
Hyunwoo: If you get here now, what am I supposed to do or you shouldn’t be arriving now. Okay so basically how do you form a sentence with this structure?
Gyeongeun: verb stem plus 으면 어떡해요.
Hyunwoo: For example
Gyeongeun: 오다 is to come. So you change it to 오면 어떡해요.
Hyunwoo: Then for example, how do you say what if a lot of people come.
Gyeongeun: 사람들이 많이 오면 어떡해요?
Hyunwoo: Great. Now let’s look at how it was used in the dialogue for this lesson.
Gyeongeun: 걸리면 어떡해요?
Hyunwoo: What if you get caught?
Gyeongeun: 책 못 빌리면 어떡해요?
Hyunwoo: What if I can’t borrow books?
Gyeongeun: 너 수업 늦으면 어떡해?
Hyunwoo: What if you are late for the class, you shouldn’t be late for the class. Okay now before we go, let’s look at three more examples please. How do you say in Korean, what if nobody comes?
Gyeongeun: 아무도 안 오면 어떡해요?
Hyunwoo: And how do you say what if it’s too expensive?
Gyeongeun: 너무 비싸면 어떡해요?
Hyunwoo: And now on an accusing tone which you are good at, how do you say, why are you telling me that now?
Gyeongeun: 지금 말해주면 어떡해요?

Outro

Hyunwoo: Wow! That sounded very natural. Okay everyone.
Gyeongeun: Thank you.
Hyunwoo: Yeah you are welcome. That just about does it for today and some of our listeners already know about the most powerful tool on KoreanClass101.com
Gyeongeun: Line-By-Line Audio.
Hyunwoo: Which is the perfect tool for rapidly improving your listening comprehension.
Gyeongeun: By listening to lines of the conversation again and again.
Hyunwoo: Listen until every word and syllable becomes clear. Basically we break down the dialogue into comprehensible bite sized sentences.
Gyeongeun: You can try the line by line audio in the premium learning center at KoreanClass101.com
Hyunwoo: Okay everyone, if you have any questions, stop by and leave us comments and we will be there to answer your questions.
Gyeongeun: 네. 꼭 남겨 주세요.
Hyunwoo: 네. See you at KoreanClass101.com.
Gyeongeun: 안녕히 계세요.
Hyunwoo: 안녕히 계세요.

Grammar

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20 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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여러분, "-(으)면 어떡해요?"로 예문을 만들어 보세요. :)

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 04:05 PM
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Hello Uttam,


어떻게 : 어떻다 (how, such) + 게

어떡해 : Short form of 어떻게 해.


-(으)면 어떻게요? is wrong. A lot of people make this mistake due to the similarity in pronunciation.


Kind regards,

Hyeon Yeong Seo

Team KoreanClass101.com

Uttam
Wednesday at 08:57 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Could you please give one or two examples of differences between 어떻게요 and 어떡해요?

감사합니다.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 08:20 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Uttam,


Thanks for posting!


내일은 폭우가 오면 어떻게요?

-> 내일 폭우가 오면 어떡해요?


Great example! Good job.👍


어떻게요 and 어떡해요 sounds similar so you might need to be careful and use the correct one!

Keep up the good work! 😄


Kind regards,

Hyeon Yeong Seo

Team KoreanClass101.com

Uttam
Thursday at 08:59 PM
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안녕하세요.

내일은 폭우가 오면 어떻게요? What if there's downpour tomorrow?

KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 05:16 AM
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Hi 하니,


Thanks for posting, good job!👍


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

하니
Saturday at 09:32 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

오늘은 너무 피곤해요. 회사에 못 나가면 어떡해요?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:43 AM
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에이든씨 안녕하세요,


Thank you for posting.


-->수업 중에 자면 어떡해?


Cheers and keep up the good work!

Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

에이든
Tuesday at 04:14 AM
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수업 듣는 때 자면 어떡해!

You shouldn't sleep during class!

(I think this has some mistakes):unamused:

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 10:40 AM
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Hi 케이티,


의사: 탐베 -> 담배 끊어야 하세요.

지수: 근데 살 찌면 어떡해요?

의사: (…)죽어면 -> 죽으면 어떡해요?


Doctor: You have to quit smoking.

Jisu: But what if I gain weight?

Doctor: Well, what if you die? (What’s the best Korean word to use for “well’ in that situation?


Nice dialog! :)

You can use 음 in place of well. 음...죽으면 어떡해요?


감사합니다.

Claire

Team KoreanClass101.com

케이티
Saturday at 11:06 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

의사: 탐베 끊어야 하세요.

지수: 근데 살 찌면 어떡해요?

의사: (...)죽어면 어떡해요?


Doctor: You have to quit smoking.

Jisu: But what if I gain weight?

Doctor: Well, what if you die? (What's the best Korean word to use for "well' in that situation? I couldn' seem to find the right one).