Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gyeongeun: 안녕하세요, 여러분. 최경은입니다.
Hyunwoo: Hyunwoo Sun here. Beginner Series, Season 5, Lesson #15. It’s Easy to Get Caught Up in Learning Korean. Hi everyone. Welcome to KoreanClass101.com, the fastest, easiest and most fun way to learn Korean and today, I am joined in the studio by 경은. 안녕하세요, 경은씨.
Gyeongeun: 안녕하세요. Hi everyone. I am 경은 최.
Hyunwoo: 경은, you’ve been mainly in the intermediate lessons and audio blog lessons. So for some of our listeners, it might be the first time to listen to you actually.
Gyeongeun: Yeah. That’s right. Everyone 잘 부탁드립니다. I hope you will enjoy studying with me.
Hyunwoo: I am sure they will. So 경은 in this lesson, what are we going to learn how to say?
Gyeongeun: We are going to learn how to say it is easy to do something and difficult to do something.
Hyunwoo: Okay and where does this conversation take place?
Gyeongeun: This conversation takes place in a cave.
Hyunwoo: Cave. How do you say cave in Korean?
Gyeongeun: 동굴
Hyunwoo: 동굴에서 일어나는 대화입니다.
Gyeongeun: 네.
Hyunwoo: And the conversation is between?
Gyeongeun: The conversation is between tourists and their guide.
Hyunwoo: 네. Therefore the speakers will be speaking polite language right?
Gyeongeun: 네, 존댓말이요.
Hyunwoo: 네. Before we go on, everybody, don’t forget to leave comments on our site.
Gyeongeun: If you have any questions
Hyunwoo: Or feedback, please come to KoreanClass101.com and ask us any questions and we will be there to answer your questions. So let’s listen to the conversation.
Gyeongeun: 네, 들어봐요.
DIALOGUE
가이드: 여러분, 이 동굴에서는 조심하세요. 길을 잃기 쉬워요.
관광객: 정말요?
가이드: 네. 길을 잃으면 나오기 어려워요.
관광객 : 이 동굴에서 죽은 사람도 있어요?
가이드: 네. 나오기 어려워요. 그래서 죽은 사람도 많아요.
관광객 : 무서워요.
가이드 : 걱정마세요. 저는 자주 와서 길 찾기 쉬워요.
관광객: 근데... 너무 어두워서 따라가기 어려워요.
가이드: 그래요? 자 손전등이요. 이제 따라오기 쉬워요?
관광객: 네. 감사합니다.
gaideu: yeoreobun, i donggul-eseoneun josimhaseyo. gil-eul ilki swiwoyo.
gwangwanggaek: jeongmal-yo?
gaideu: ne. gil-eul ireumyeon naogi eoryeowoyo.
gwangwanggaek: i donggul-eseo jugeun saram-do isseoyo?
gaideu: ne. naogi eoryeowoyo. geuraeseo jugeun saram-do manayo.
gwangwanggaek: museowoyo.
gaideu: geokjeongmaseyo. jeo-neun jaju waseo gil chatgi swiwoyo.
gwangwanggaek: geunde... neomu eoduwoseo ttaragagi eoryeowoyo.
gaideu: geuraeyo? ja sonjeondeung-iyo. ije ttaraogi swiwoyo?
gwangwanggaek: ne. gamsahamnida.
Guide: Everyone, be careful in this cave. It's easy to get lost.
Tourist: Really?
Guide: Yeah, if you get lost, it's difficult to get out of here.
Tourist: Are there people who died in this cave?
Guide: Yeah. It's difficult to get out. So there are people who have died here.
Tourist: I'm scared.
Guide: Don't worry. I come here often, so for me, it's easy to find the way.
Tourista: But...it's too dark, so it's difficult to follow you.
Guide: Is it? Here is a flashlight. Is it easy to follow me now?
Tourist: Yeah. Thank you.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Hyunwoo: So 경은씨 have you been to a cave before yourself?
Gyeongeun: Yeah I think almost everybody in Korea gets to go to at least one cave during their high school field trips, don’t you think?
Hyunwoo: Yeah actually yes. That’s why I was asking. Caves are not something that I always expected to see with my own eyes in Korea as I was growing up as a child but then in high school, it was so common to have visiting a big famous cave included in the list of destinations on our 수학여행 field trips.
Gyeongeun: Yeah sometimes the field trip itinerary can be planned with the visit to a cave as the main part as well.
Hyunwoo: Did you like it 어땠어요?
Gyeongeun: Well I did because I usually never get to see such things. I think I like adventures.
Hyunwoo: Okay I liked it a lot actually too. You know whenever we were visiting a cave, I dreamed of having an encounter with some mysterious creatures but that never happened.
Gyeongeun: You watch too many 공상과학 영화 Sci-Fi movies. 공상과학 영화를 너무 많이 본 거 아니에요?
Hyunwoo: What was that again?
Gyeongeun: 공상과학 영화
Hyunwoo: Sci-Fi movies. Yeah maybe but don’t you think caves give you some ideas like that? But any way, how about we look at the vocabulary now?
Gyeongeun: Okay.
VOCAB LIST
Hyunwoo: What is the first word we are looking at?
Gyeongeun: 동굴
Hyunwoo: Cave.
Gyeongeun: 동굴 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 동굴 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: 그 다음에는
Gyeongeun: 조심하다
Hyunwoo: To be careful, to be cautious.
Gyeongeun: 조심하다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 조심하다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: 그리고
Gyeongeun: 길을 잃다
Hyunwoo: To get lost.
Gyeongeun: 길을 잃다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 길을 잃다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: 그 다음에는
Gyeongeun: 쉽다
Hyunwoo: To be easy.
Gyeongeun: 쉽다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 쉽다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: 그리고
Gyeongeun: 어렵다
Hyunwoo: To be hard, to be difficult.
Gyeongeun: 어렵다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 어렵다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: And
Gyeongeun: 죽다
Hyunwoo: To die.
Gyeongeun: 죽다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 죽다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: And
Gyeongeun: 무섭다
Hyunwoo: To be scary, to be scared.
Gyeongeun: 무섭다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 무섭다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: Next
Gyeongeun: 자주
Hyunwoo: Frequently, often.
Gyeongeun: 자주 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 자주 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: Next
Gyeongeun: 찾다
Hyunwoo: To search for, to look for.
Gyeongeun: 찾다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 찾다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: 그리고
Gyeongeun: 어둡다
Hyunwoo: To be dark.
Gyeongeun: 어둡다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 어둡다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: And next.
Gyeongeun: 따라가다
Hyunwoo: To follow.
Gyeongeun: 따라가다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 따라가다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: 그리고
Gyeongeun: 손전등
Hyunwoo: Flashlight.
Gyeongeun: 손전등 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 손전등 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: And the last word is
Gyeongeun: 따라오다
Hyunwoo: To follow toward oneself.
Gyeongeun: 따라오다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 따라오다 [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Hyunwoo: Okay. Now let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. So the first phrase we are looking at is
Gyeongeun: 길을 잃다
Hyunwoo: To get lost.
Gyeongeun: 길을 잃다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 길을 잃다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: Now let’s break this down. What does 길 mean?
Gyeongeun: 길 means a way, a route, a road.
Hyunwoo: And 잃다?
Gyeongeun: 잃다 means to lose, to misplace.
Hyunwoo: So together 길을 잃다 literally means to lose one’s way or to be not able to find one’s way. So it means to get lost.
Gyeongeun: Which is what you always do.
Hyunwoo: That was totally unnecessary to mention.
Gyeongeun: But it’s a truth 현우씨는 항상 길을 잃어요.
Hyunwoo: Well everybody I does that sometimes.
Gyeongeun: Yeah 가끔씩 sometimes but for you, it’s 항상.
Hyunwoo: Okay I admit it but I do still remember that we have one more word to look at.
Gyeongeun: Okay it’s 어둡다.
Hyunwoo: To be dark.
Gyeongeun: 어둡다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 어둡다 [natural native speed]
Hyunwoo: So 어둡다 means dark. So it’s very simple but if you say in Korean literally that someone’s face color is dark.
Gyeongeun: Oh you mean 얼굴색이 어둡다?
Hyunwoo: Yeah so if I say this to you 경은씨 like 경은씨, 얼굴색이 어두워요. What does it mean?
Gyeongeun: It means that I look sad, gloomy and not very cheerful.
Hyunwoo: Yeah so if someone says 얼굴색이 어두워요 to you, it doesn’t mean that you look tan or your face is dark.
Gyeongeun: No.
Hyunwoo: Yeah it means you look gloomy, sad, what’s up, okay?
Gyeongeun: Yeah right.
Hyunwoo: Then what is the opposite word of 어둡다.
Gyeongeun: The opposite word of 어둡다 is 밝다.
Hyunwoo: 밝다. So how do you say a dark room?
Gyeongeun: 어두운 방
Hyunwoo: How about a bright room?
Gyeongeun: 밝은 방
Hyunwoo: And a bright cheerful look on my face is?
Gyeongeun: Well the expression itself is 밝은 표정 but I don’t think your face is
Hyunwoo: Okay, okay that’s enough. It’s time to move on to the grammar section.
Gyeongeun: Okay.

Lesson focus

Hyunwoo: What is the grammar point of this lesson?
Gyeongeun: The grammar point of this lesson is how to say it is easy to do something and difficult to do something in Korean.
Hyunwoo: As in the example?
Gyeongeun: 길을 잃기 쉬워요.
Hyunwoo: It’s easy to get lost.
Gyeongeun: So when you want to say that something is easy to do or difficult to do in Korean, you can use the structure 기 쉽다 or 기 어렵다.
Hyunwoo: Yeah. The part 기 is actually a verb ending that changes a verb into a noun. So 기 plus 가 쉽다 is like literally saying verb ing is easy and the same goes for 기 어렵다 too.
Gyeongeun: Yeah but over the course of time, 가 or 는 was dropped and now it’s very common to just say 기 쉽다 and 기 어렵다.
Hyunwoo: Yeah instead of saying 기가 쉽다 or 기가 어렵다, right?
Gyeongeun: 네, 맞아요.
Hyunwoo: So how do you form a sentence with this?
Gyeongeun: Verb stem plus 기 plus 쉽다.
Hyunwoo: And that means to be easy to verb.
Gyeongeun: For example, 읽다 is to read. So 읽기 쉽다.
Hyunwoo: Is to be easy to read.
Gyeongeun: And if you say verb stem plus 기 plus 어렵다.
Hyunwoo: It means to be difficult to do something.
Gyeongeun: For example 읽기 어렵다
Hyunwoo: Means to be difficult to read. Okay now let’s look at how it was used in the dialogue for this lesson.
Gyeongeun: Okay 길을 잃기 쉬워요.
Hyunwoo: It’s easy to get lost.
Gyeongeun: 길을 잃으면 나오기 어려워요.
Hyunwoo: If you get lost, it’s difficult to get out of here.
Gyeongeun: 길 찾기 쉬워요.
Hyunwoo: It’s easy to find a way.
Gyeongeun: 너무 어두워서 따라가기 어려워요.
Hyunwoo: It’s too dark. So it’s difficult to follow you.
Gyeongeun: 이제 따라오기 쉬워요?
Hyunwoo: Is it easy to follow me now? Okay 경은씨 before we go, let’s look at some more sample sentences. Is that alright?
Gyeongeun: 네, 좋아요.
Hyunwoo: Okay thanks. So how do you say my name is difficult to remember?
Gyeongeun: 제 이름은 기억하기 어려워요.
Hyunwoo: Is Korean easy to learn?
Gyeongeun: 한국어는 배우기 쉬워요?
Hyunwoo: And how do you say this novel is short. So it’s easy to read.
Gyeongeun: 이 소설은 짧아서 읽기 쉬워요. 근데 정말 제 이름은 기억하기 어려워요?
Hyunwoo: Your name?
Gyeongeun: Yeah.
Hyunwoo: Is your name difficult to remember?
Gyeongeun: Yeah everyone says so.
Hyunwoo: I don’t think so. Well let’s ask our listeners. Everybody is 경은’s name which is 경은 difficult to remember?
Gyeongeun: 제 이름은 기억하기 어려워요? 코멘트로 남겨 주세요.

Outro

Hyunwoo: Okay that just about does it for today and before we go, we want to tell you about a way to drastically improve your pronunciation.
Gyeongeun: We are talking about the voice recording tool.
Hyunwoo: Yeah the voice recording tool in the premium learning center.
Gyeongeun: Record your voice with a click of a button.
Hyunwoo: And then play it back just as easily.
Gyeongeun: So you record your voice and then listen to it.
Hyunwoo: And compare it to the native speakers.
Gyeongeun: And adjust your pronunciation.
Hyunwoo: This will definitely help you improve your pronunciation really, really fast. So everybody we will see you at KoreanClass101.com soon.
Gyeongeun: 네, 안녕히 계세요.
Hyunwoo: 안녕히 계세요. Have a nice day.

Grammar

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20 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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여러분, "-기 쉽다, -기 어렵다 " 로 예문을 만들어 보세요. :)

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 02:18 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Uttam,


Thanks for posting.

Good example sentences using 기 쉽다 and -기 어렵다. Excellent!!👍


Keep up the good work!


Kind regards,

Hyeon Yeong Seo

Team KoreanClass101.com

Uttam
Monday at 07:27 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

언녕하세요.

일단, 한국어는 재미있다 하지만 배우기 어려워요.

Firstly, Korean is fun but difficult to learn.

그럼요, 이 수학를 문제가 풀기 쉬워요!

Of course, this math problem is easy to solve!

나는 왠지 일어나기 어려워요.

For some reason, I find it difficult to wake up early.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 10:34 AM
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Hi Ian,


Thank you for the positive feedback! :smile:

Please let us know if you have any other questions.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Ian
Saturday at 06:26 AM
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I like Gueong-Eun's voice as its very calming. :smile:

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:40 AM
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Hi Aidin,


Thank you for commenting.


--> 겨울에는 감기에 걸리기 쉬워요.


Cheers and keep up the good work!


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Aidin
Tuesday at 03:03 AM
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결울에는 감기에 걸리기 쉬워요.

It's easy to catch a cold in winter.


Thanks:wink:

KoreanClass101
Monday at 10:44 PM
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소팟씨,



한국어 힘들다고 하셨는데 정말 잘하세요!


역시 2년을 한국에서 사시니 한국어 실력이 참 좋으신 것 같아요!:smile::thumbsup:


앞으로도 계속 열심히 해주시고 언제든지 코멘트 남겨주세요 :wink:





Thank you


Madison

Team KoreanClass101.com

소팟
Sunday at 05:23 PM
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+ 한국어는 공부하기 어려워요.

+ 영어는 공부하기 쉬워요.

+ 오늘은 한국어 속제 만하기 쉬워요.

+ 한국에서 날시가 살기 어려워요


저는 동굴애서 재미없어요. 동굴 가면 너무 무서워요. 가면, 난 누가 따라가 없어요. 지금 한국에 이년 살고 있어요. 인 한대 자주 조심하세요. :innocent:

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:42 PM
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안녕하세요 알리씨!


경은씨를 좋아하신다니 정말 기분이 좋네요!:)


우리 다같이 열심히 공부해서 경은 선생님 기쁘게 해드립시다!:wink::thumbsup:



Thank you


Madison

Team KoreanClass101.com

Ali
Wednesday at 05:28 AM
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안녕 하세요.

한국어는 배우기 쉬워요. 그리고 최 경은씨는 이름이 기억하기 어렵지도 쉽지도 않아요.

경은씨는 제가 koreanclass101.com 중에서 제일 좋아하는 선생님이에요. 목소리도 좋아요.


안녕히 계세요.