Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Debbie: Counting Part I: Sino-Korean Numbers
Tim: 안녕하세요 여러분, “Hello everyone”, this is Tim and I am joined in the studio by…
Debbie: 안녕하세요 여러분. Debbie here!
Tim: 데비씨… “Hey Debbie,”
Debbie: 예, 팀씨. “Yes, Tim.”
Tim: Can you tell me... how many fingers am I holding up?
Debbie: Hmm? Fingers? Are you trying to test me or something?
Tim: No~ but how many are there?
Debbie: Five...?
Tim: 딩동댕!
Debbie: Well, that was easy.. there has to be a reason why you asked me that... ah ha!
Tim: Did you get it?
Debbie: Yes! Let me guess, today’s topic is numbers?
Tim: 딩동댕!Yes! Today we're going to learn about the numbers in Korean. We'll start with 0 to 10, 10 to 20, and then multiples of 10 up to 100.
Debbie: Okay. Sounds good to me. Let’s practice with 0 to 10 first,
Tim: Before we actually start learning about Korean-numbers, today's focus is on ‘Sino-Korean Numbers'.
Debbie: “Sino-Korean Numbers?”
Tim: Yes, Korean has two sets of numbers
Debbie: Ah~~ I’ve heard about that. The Sino-Korean number system is a number system that is derived from Chinese. We typically use these numbers for reciting phone numbers, time (minutes), months, years, counting money, and a number of other things.
Tim: Yes. Listeners, just keep in mind that today we are simply learning about “Sino-Korean Numbers”.
Tim: In today’s conversation, a boy is playing hide-and-seek in the playground. Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Debbie: Let’s listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Tim: 천천히 한국어로 대화를 들어보겠습니다.
Debbie: Now with the translation.
Tim: 자 이번엔 영어번역과 함께 들어볼까요?
Tim: 일
Debbie: “one”
Tim: 이
Debbie: “two”
Tim: 삼
Debbie: “three”
Tim: 사
Debbie: “four”
Tim: 오
Debbie: “five”
Tim: 육
Debbie: “six”
Tim: 칠
Debbie: “seven”
Tim: 팔
Debbie: “eight”
Tim: 구
Debbie: “nine”
Tim: 십
Debbie: “ten”

Lesson focus

Debbie: Okay, let’s practice with ‘0 to 10’. Tim will say it in Korean and I will say it in English. Tim, are you ready?
Tim: Yes! Okay, here we go, 공
Debbie: “zero”
Tim: 일
Debbie: “one”
Tim: 이
Debbie: “two”
Tim: 삼
Debbie: “three”
Tim: 사
Debbie: “four”
Tim: 오
Debbie: “five”
Tim: 육
Debbie: “six”
Tim: 칠
Debbie: “seven”
Tim: 팔
Debbie: “eight”
Tim: 구
Debbie: “nine”
Tim: 십
Debbie: “ten”. Tim, please repeat “0 to 10” in Korean, please…
Tim: 영. 일. 이. 삼. 사. 오. 육. 칠. 팔. 구. 십.
Debbie: Okay, listeners. This time, Tim is going to separate them into 5 groups, 0, 1, and 2, 3 and 4, 5 and 6, 7 and 8, and 9 and 10. Please repeat after Tim.
Tim: 영. 일. 이 "0, 1, 2"
Tim: 삼. 사 "3, 4"
Tim: 오. 육 "5, 6"
Tim: 칠. 팔 "7, 8"
Tim: 구. 십 "9, 10"
Debbie: Great! Now let's try counting from 0 to 10 without pausing in between each number! Are you guys ready? Please repeat after Tim in a louder voice.
Tim: 영. 일. 이. 삼. 사. 오. 육. 칠. 팔. 구. 십
[pause 4 sec]
Debbie: Excellent! This time, let’s practice 10 to 20.
Debbie: First, let's look at how to put these numbers together. Once you know how to say ‘ 0 to 10’ , and then counting from ‘10 to 20’ becomes much easier.
Tim: Yes, “eleven" is 십 “ten” + 일 “one”, so 십일 is“eleven”
Debbie: “twelve” is 십 “ten” + 이 “two”, so 십이 is“twelve”. You just keep counting like that.
Tim: Okay, let’s practice with the listeners. “Eleven” is “ten” 십 + “one” 일, 십일. Repeat after me, 십일.
Debbie: “twelve” is “ten” 십 + “two” 이, 십이.
Tim: “Thirteen” is “ten” 십 + “three” 삼, 십삼.
Debbie: “Fourteen” is “ten” 십 + “four” 사, 십사.
Tim: “Fifteen” is “ten” 십 + “five” 오, 십오.
Debbie: “Sixteen” is “ten” 십 + “six” 육, 십육.
Tim: “Seventeen” is “ten” 십 + “seven” 칠, 십칠.
Debbie: “Eighteen” is “ten” 십 + “eight” 팔, 십팔.
Tim: “Nineteen” is “ten” 십 + “nine” 구, 십구.
Debbie: “Twenty” is (강조하며 emphasizing) “two” 이 + “ten” 십, 이십. Repeat after me, 이십
Tim: So, all together from 11 to 20 is… 십일, 십이, 십삼, 십사, 십오, 십육, 십칠, 십팔, 십구, 이십.
Debbie: So..Tim?
Tim: Yes, Debbie?
Debbie: “twenty” is “two” 이 + “ten” 십, 이십.
Tim: Yes.
Debbie: then, “thirty” is “three” 삼 + “ten” 십, 삼십?
Tim: 맞아요 “That’s right!”
Debbie: Then, it’s easy! Okay listeners, this time let’s practice with multiples of 10 up to 100. Repeat after us. “ten” is 십.
Tim: “twenty” is “two” 이 + “ten” 십, 이십
Debbie: “thirty” is “three” 삼 + “ten” 십, 삼십
Tim: “forty” is “four” 사 + “ten” 십, 사십
Debbie: “Fifty” is “five” 오 + “ten” 십, 오십
Tim: “Sixty” is “six” 육 + “ten” 십, 육십
Debbie: “Seventy” is “seven” 칠 + “ten” 십, 칠십
Tim: “Eighty” is “eight” 팔 + “ten” 십, 팔십
Tim: “ninety” is “nine” 구 + “ten” 십, 구십
Debbie: Finally, “one hundred” is 백, 백.
Tim: Great! We have just learned how to count from “0 to 10”, “10 to 20” and “multiples of 10 up to 100”. 짝짝짝!!!
VOCAB LIST
Debbie: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word is...
Tim: 공 [natural native speed]
Debbie: “zero” (Sino-Korean number)
Tim: 공 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 공 [natural native speed]
Debbie: Next we have
Tim: 일 [natural native speed]
Debbie: “one” (Sino-Korean number)
Tim: 일 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 일 [natural native speed]
Debbie: Next we have
Tim: 이 [natural native speed]
Debbie: “two” (Sino-Korean number)
Tim: 이 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 이 [natural native speed]
Debbie: Next we have
Tim: 삼 [natural native speed]
Debbie: “three” (Sino-Korean number)
Tim: 삼 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 삼 [natural native speed]
Debbie: Next we have
Tim: 사 [natural native speed]
Debbie: “four” (Sino-Korean number)
Tim: 사 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 사 [natural native speed]
Debbie: Next we have
Tim: 오 [natural native speed]
Debbie: “five” (Sino-Korean number)
Tim: 오 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 오 [natural native speed]
Debbie: Next we have
Tim: 육 [natural native speed]
Debbie: “six” (Sino-Korean number)
Tim: 육 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 육 [natural native speed]
Debbie: Next we have
Tim: 칠 [natural native speed]
Debbie: “seven” (Sino-Korean number)
Tim: 칠 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 칠 [natural native speed]
Debbie: Next we have
Tim: 팔 [natural native speed]
Debbie: “eight” (Sino-Korean number)
Tim: 팔 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 팔 [natural native speed]
Debbie: Next we have
Tim: 구 [natural native speed]
Debbie: “nine” (Sino-Korean number)
Tim: 구 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 구 [natural native speed]
Debbie: And last we have
Tim: 십 [natural native speed]
Debbie: “ten” (Sino-Korean number)
Tim: 십 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 십 [natural native speed]

Outro

Debbie: Okay, great! We've gone through lots of Sino-Korean numbers, and that’s all for this lesson. We hope that this lesson has helped you count Basic Numbers in Korean (Sino-Korean Numbers).
Tim: Did you guys have fun learning Sino-Korean Numbers with us? I hope so. 그럼 여러분 다음 시간에 만나요. Bye!
Debbie: See you next time!

26 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Seven is not listed on the vocab list with audio nor is it on the lesson notes I printed out. Just thought I should let you know. Thanks!

Jacob
Friday at 09:15 PM
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I've been stuck on this for a while now. Why does 16 (십육) sound like shipnyuk even though it looks like it should sound like shipyuk? I'm confused when the 'n' sound comes from.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 09:49 PM
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Hello Aria,


Thank you for leaving us great comments!

One way to express "in between" is using the word [사이]. For an example, we may say [숫자 이십사와 삼십육 사이에는 삼십이 있다.] for "There is 25 in between 24 and 36."

We typically use these numbers for reciting phone numbers, time (minutes), months, years, counting money, and a number of other things. Also, we use Sino-Korean numbers when dealing with big numbers over 100.

Hope it helped, and please let us know if you have any other questions!


Best,

Rebecca

Team KoreanClass101.com

Aria F
Friday at 03:16 AM
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Also, when would use these numbers (Sino-Korean) as opposed to the Native Korean numbers?

Thanks!

Aria F
Friday at 03:11 AM
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Hello!

Thanks for the great lesson!

I have one question, how would you say things in between, like 24 or 36?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 10:23 AM
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Hi Lilia,


Thanks for your comment and appreciate your beautiful question.


The romanization is based on the guideline provided by National Institute of Korean Language, and the system sets "s" to transcribe the alphabet [ㅅ].


You are right the pronunciation of the alphabet [ㅅ] is softer than English "s", and it's kind of like "sh" sound in English. Please check this lesson out for more details! ?

https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/ultimate-korean-pronunciation-guide-7-pronouncing-korean-consonants-part-2/


Cheers,

Rebecca

KoreanClass101.com

Lilia
Sunday at 08:33 AM
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Is there a reason that, in the audio, 십 is pronounced more like "ship" instead of "sib"?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 09:12 AM
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Hi Sarah,


Thanks for posting. With phone numbers/postal codes, you would use '공'. Otherwise, you will see people using '영' or even the very colloquial(more like slang) '빵'. For example:


얼마 냈어요?

공짜였어요! 0(영)원!(빵원!)


Hope this was of help.

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sarah Turner
Tuesday at 01:52 AM
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I just have a quick question! Does it matter which form of zero (gong vs. yeong) to say? Which one is said more commonly?


Gamsahamnida

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 10:21 PM
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Hi Denisse,


Thank you for posting. There are two ways of pronouncing numbers in Korean---the Pure Korean way and the Sino-Korean way. The pronunciation for 16 that you heard is the Sino-Korean number 16, which is written as 십육(romanized as sib-yug). 16 is an individual number, read as sixteen and not one and six, which is why it is pronounced as 십육.


However, when you are pronouncing the number six , it is pronounced as 육 when it comes at the beginning of a numeric word, and pronounced as 륙 when it comes after another number or is between numbers. For example:


625-2651=육이오-이륙오일


Hope this made sense. Please let us know if you have any other inquiries.

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Denisse
Saturday at 10:21 AM
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Correct me If I'm wrong

But, I have just heard that

16 is pronounced like

shib/nyug? or

was it like shib/ryug? or shib/youg?

Once i read this comment


'625-1599 (육이오-일오구구)

However, if the ’six’ comes in the middle:

524-7681 (오이사-]\칠륙팔일)'


But this time for me, it seems different

It was like SHIB/NYUG!

I really want to know :3