Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Hi everyone, I’m Jaehwi! Welcome back to Korean Top Words. In this lesson you’ll know Top 10 Must-know Autumn Vocabulary. Let’s begin!
1. 스웨터 (seuweteo) “sweater”
It’s a little bit cold in Korea in autumn, so it’s good to have some sweaters in Korea if you visit here in autumn. Using that word, you can say, 빨간 스웨터를 샀어요. (Ppalgan seuweteoreul sasseoyo.) “I bought a red sweater.”
2. 비가 오는 (biga oneun) “rainy”
So using that phrase you can say, 비가 오는 날에는 빗소리를 들어요. (Biga oneun nareneun bitsorireul deureoyo.) “I listen to the sound of rain on rainy days.”
So here, we have the word 빗소리 (bitsori), 빗 (bi) means rain, and this small 소(so) means of something, 소리(sori) means sound; so it means the sound of rain.
3. 바람이 부는 (barami buneun) “windy”
바람 (baram) means wind, and 부는 (buneun) is the verb to mean wind, so that should be used together.
So using that phrase, you can say 바람이 부는 소리가 들려요. (Barami buneun soriga deullyeoyo.) “I can hear the sound of the wind.”
If you go to Jeju Island, I think you can hear 바람이 부는 (barami buneun), the sound of the wind.
4. 시원한 (siwonhan) “cool”
Make sure to use 시원한 (siwonhan) only when you talk about cool weather, like cool temperature. Personally, I like "autumn" 가울 (gaeul) because it's cool, like, in summer, it’s too hot, and winter is too cold, and 가울 (gaeul) "autumn" is the best season to go outside. These days because of the global warming, I think, the 울 (gaeul) "autumn" is getting shorter and shorter in South Korea, which is sad.
So using that adjective, you can say, 가을의 시원한 바람을 좋아해요. (Gaeurui siwonhan barameul joahaeyo.) “I like the cool breeze of fall.”
5. 가을 (gaeul) “autumn”
In Korea, there four Seasons: 봄 (bom) "spring", 여름 (yeoreum) "summer", 가을 (gaeul) "autumn” and 겨울 (gyeoul) "winter. 가을 (gaeul) also has some nicknames, for example, 가을은 독서의 계절입니다. (Gaeureun dokseoui gyejeorimnida.) “Fall is the best season for reading.”
I think it's because it’s easy to go outside and read something, or is cold outside, so you don't have to worry about anything else but only reading, because in summer, winter you have to worry about the temperature outside.
6. 감기 (gamgi) “cold”
In Korea, there is a word 환절기 (hwanjeolgi) which literally means the time that seasons change because autumn is kind of between summer and winter. So you can say, like, in the morning it’s very cold and at noon it’s very hot, so it's very easy to catch a cold, if you got a cold unfortunately you can say, 감기에 걸렸어요. (Gamgie geollyeosseoyo.) “I caught a cold.”
7. 밤 (bam) “chestnut”
If I have to think about some fruits or things to eat in autumn, I think one of the most popular things would be 밤(bam), chestnut. We usually have 군밤 (gunbam), roasted chestnut, and you can easily get it in the street vendor, like, you can buy a bunch of 군밤 (gunbam) roasted chestnut for only 이천원(icheonwon), like two US dollars. So after you have it, if it is delicious, you can say that, 군밤은 맛있어요. (Gunbameun masisseoyo.) “Roasted chestnut is delicious.”
8. 긴팔 셔츠 (ginpal syeocheu) “long-sleeved shirt”
There might be one thing that you don't like in South Korea, for me it was having clothes in all different styles because you have four seasons so you have to have short sleeves, long sleeve, you have to have a thick jacket, and you have to have all different kinds of clothes because you have to survive in four different seasons.
So 긴팔 셔츠 (ginpal syeocheu) is the one thing that you have to have if you want to come to Korea in autumn.
So using that word, you can say, 가을부터 긴팔 셔츠를 입기 시작합니다. (“Gaeulbuteo ginpal syeocheureul ipgi sijakamnida.) “We start wearing long-sleeved shirts from autumn."
9. 떨어지는 나뭇잎 (tteoreojineun namunnip) “falling leaves”
If you're in South Korea in Autumn, I think it is really good to go hiking because you can see leaves in all different colors, and also they are falling, and it's very good to see because it's kind of making some romantic atmosphere. So, like, if you're in South Korea in Autumn, I think is good to go hiking and see 떨어지는 나뭇잎 (tteoreojineun namunnip) “falling leaves”.
So in a sentence you can say, 떨어지는 나뭇잎을 보면 쓸쓸해져요. (Tteoreojineun nammunipeul bomyeon sseulsseulhaejyeoyo.)
10. 추석 (chuseok) “Korean Thanksgiving”
Like in China, Korean people also celebrate Thanksgiving day, it’s following lunar calendars. So usually falls into September or October which is in the middle of fall. 추석 (chuseok) “Korean Thanksgiving” is the biggest holiday in fall.
So using that word, you can say, 추석은 한국의 가장 큰 명절 중 하나입니다.
(Chuseogeun hangugui gajang keun myeongjeol jung hanaimnida.) “Chuseok is one of the biggest Korean holidays.”
Okay, that's all 10 Must Know Autumn Vocabulary. I hope you use some of them in autumn. Make sure to subscribe, and I'll see you next time.
다음 시간에 뵙겠습니다 (Daeum sigane boepgetsseumnida)
안녕히 계세요 (annyeonghi gyeseyo).

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