Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Brandon: In each lesson of this 25 part series, you'll master a common question for Korean learners, and then learn how to answer it like a native speaker. You'll learn how these key phrases work by breaking them down into each component. Then through repetition and new vocabulary, you'll expand your understanding of the question, its answers, and any variations.

Lesson focus

Brandon: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question “What's this?” In Korean this is
Kyejin: 이 것은 무엇입니까?
(i geoseun mueosimnikka?)
Brandon: The first word in the question is
Kyejin: 이
Brandon: meaning “this” in English.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 이
Brandon: Listen again and repeat.
Kyejin: 이
{Pause}
Brandon: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Kyejin: 것
Brandon: meaning “thing”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 것
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 것
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 이 것
{pause}
Brandon: And next
Kyejin: 은
(eun)
Brandon: the topic marking particle.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 은
(eun)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 은
(eun)
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the the first 3 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 이 것은
(i geoseun)
{pause}
Brandon: And next
Kyejin: 무엇
(mueot)
Brandon: meaning “what.”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 무엇
(mueot)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 무엇
(mueot)
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the the first 4 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 이 것은 무엇
(i geoseun mueot)
{pause}
Brandon: And next
Kyejin: 입니
(imni)
Brandon: This is the verb-stem of the verb
Kyejin: 입니다.
Brandon: meaning something like “is.”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 입니-
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 입니-
Brandon: Listen to the the first 5 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 이 것은 무엇입니-
{pause}
Brandon: And after that
Kyejin: 까
(kka)
Brandon: the question marking particle.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 까
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 까
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Kyejin: 이 것은 무엇입니까?
(i geoseun mueosimnikka?)
{pause}
Brandon: You will hear this common question again and again throughout your studies. Master the following pattern and responses to the question “What's this?”
Kyejin: 그 것은 카메라입니다.
(geu geoseun kameraimnida.)
Brandon: "It's a camera.” Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Kyejin: (Slow) 그 것은 카메라입니다.
(geu geoseun kameraimnida.)
{pause}
Brandon: Let's break it down from the beginning. The first word:
Kyejin: 그
(gue)
Brandon: means something like “the”, or “it” in English.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 그
Brandon: Now repeat
Kyejin: 그
{Pause}
Brandon: And after that
Kyejin: 것
Brandon: means “thing.”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 것
Brandon: Now repeat
Kyejin: 것
{Pause}
Brandon: And after that
Kyejin: 은
(eun)
Brandon: the topic marking particle
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 은
(eun)
Brandon: Now repeat
Kyejin: 은
(eun)
{Pause}
Brandon: And after that
Kyejin: 카메라
(kamera)
Brandon: meaning “camera.”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 카메라
(kamera)
Brandon: Now repeat
Kyejin: 카메라
(kamera)
{Pause}
Brandon: And after that
Kyejin: 입니다
(imnida)
Brandon: meaning something like “is.”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 입니다
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 입니다
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the speaker say, “It's a camera”, and then repeat.
Kyejin: 그 것은 카메라입니다.
(gue geoseun kameraimnida.)
{pause}
Brandon: To expand on the pattern, replace “camera” with “computer”.
Kyejin: 컴퓨터
(keompyuteo)
Brandon: computer
Kyejin: (slow) 컴퓨터 (keompyuteo)
(regular) 컴퓨터 (keompyuteo)
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “computer”
Kyejin: 그 것은 컴퓨터입니다.
(gue geoseun keompyuteoimnida.)
Brandon: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “camera” with “computer”. Say “It's a computer.”
{pause}
Kyejin: 그 것은 컴퓨터입니다.
(gue geoseun keompyuteoimnida.)
Brandon: To use a different phrase, replace “computer” with “candy”.
Kyejin: 사탕
(satang)
Brandon: candy
Kyejin: (slow) 사탕 (satang)
(regular) 사탕 (satang)
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “candy”
Kyejin: 그 것은 사탕입니다.
(gue geoseun satangimnida.)
Brandon: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “computer” with “candy.” Say “It's a candy.”
{pause}
Kyejin: 그 것은 사탕입니다.
(gue geoseun satangimnida.)
Brandon: To make another phrase, replace “candy” with “green tea.”
Kyejin: 녹차
(nokcha)
Brandon: green tea
Kyejin: (slow) 녹차 (nokcha)
(regular) 녹차 (nokcha)
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “green tea”
Kyejin: 그 것은 녹차입니다.
(gue geoseun nokchaimnida.)
Brandon: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “candy” with “green tea.” Say “It's green tea.”
{pause}
Kyejin: 그 것은 녹차입니다.
(gue geoseun nokchaimnida.)
QUIZ
Brandon: Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you are visiting South Korea and someone asks you what something is. It is a camera. Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 이 것은 무엇입니까?
(i geoseun mueosimnikka?)
(five seconds) 그 것은 카메라입니다.
Brandon: Now imagine that it’s a computer. Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 이 것은 무엇입니까?(igeo seun mueosimnikka?)
(five seconds) 그 것은 컴퓨터입니다.
Brandon: now, Imagine that it’s candy. Answer the speaker's question.
Kyejin: 이 것은 무엇입니까? (igeo seun mueosimnikka?)
(five seconds) 그 것은 사탕입니다.
Brandon: Imagine that it's green tea. Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 이 것은 무엇입니까? (igeo seun mueosimnikka?)
(five seconds) 그 것은 녹차입니다.
Brandon: You want to ask someone what something is. Ask the question
(5 seconds)
Kyejin: 이 것은 무엇입니까? (igeo seun mueosimnikka?)
{pause}

Outro

Brandon: This is the end of Lesson 22

17 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Find an object next to you and try answering the question: What's this? In Korean!

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KoreanClass101.com
Wednesday at 8:44 am
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Hi 아린,


Thanks for sharing with us!


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com


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아린
Sunday at 12:58 pm
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그것은 베개입니다

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KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 10:38 am
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Hi Nicole,


Thanks for posting, good effort! Just remember, there is no space between 그 and 것.


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Nicole
Sunday at 1:40 am
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그 것은 공책입니다.

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KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 9:28 pm
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Hi Kenya,


Are you trying to say, 'This is a cup of water'?

If so:


이건 물 한잔 입니다.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Kenya
Sunday at 9:28 am
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이것은 컵을 한 잔 입니다.

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KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 9:48 pm
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Hi Nisha,


We were glad to help you.:smile:


Elena

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Nisha
Tuesday at 5:21 pm
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Oh, I see. Thanks a lot :smile:

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KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 12:17 pm
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Hi Nisha,


The object marking particle 을/를 is attached to a noun to show the object of the sentence. Since 그것 is a topic, the topic marking particle 은/는 is attached. 그 것 = 종이 "그 것은 종이입니다."


But if you were to say "I cut two sheets of paper." you would use the object marking particle 을/를 and say "저는 종이를 두 장 잘랐습니다."


감사합니다.

클레어

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Nisha
Saturday at 11:45 pm
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안녕하세요 !


그 것은 종이입니다 (That is paper). :sweat_smile:

Why don't we use the topic marking particle in the answer? As in 카메라를 (Camera) or 종이를 (Paper)?


감사합니다 !