Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Brandon: In each lesson of this 25 part series, you'll master a common question for Korean learners, and then learn how to answer it like a native speaker. You'll learn how these key phrases work by breaking them down into each component. Then through repetition and new vocabulary, you'll expand your understanding of the question, its answers, and any variations.

Lesson focus

Brandon: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question “Are you hungry?” In Korean this is
Kyejin: 배가 고픕니까?
Brandon: The first word in the question is
Kyejin: 배
(bae)
Brandon: meaning “stomach” in English.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 배
(bae)
Brandon: Listen again and repeat.
Kyejin: 배
(bae)
{Pause}
Brandon: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Kyejin: 가
(ga)
Brandon: The topic-marking particle
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 가 (ga)
(regular) 가 (ga)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 가
(ga)
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 배가
(baega)
{pause}
Brandon: And after that
Kyejin: 고픕니
(gopeumni)
Brandon: the verb-stem of the verb
Kyejin: 고픕니다
Brandon: meaning ‘hungry'
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 고픕니
(gopeumni)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 고픕니
(gopeumni)
{Pause}
Brandon: And next
Kyejin: 까
Brandon: question marking particle
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 까
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 까
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Kyejin: 배가 고픕니까?
(baega gopeumnikka?)
{pause}
Brandon: (You will hear this common question again and again throughout your studies.) Master the following pattern and responses to the question “Are you hungry?”
Kyejin: 네. 배가 조금 고픕니다.
(ne. baega jogeum gopeumnida.)
Brandon: "Yes, I'm a little hungry.” Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Kyejin: (Slow) 네. 배가 조금 고픕니다.
(ne. baega jogeum gopeumnida.)
{pause}
Brandon: Let's break it down from the beginning. The first word:
Kyejin: 네
Brandon: means “yes.”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 네
Brandon: Now repeat
Kyejin: 네
{Pause}
Brandon: And next
Kyejin: 조금
(jogeum)
Brandon: meaning “a little bit.”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 조금
(jogeum)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 조금
(jogeum)
{Pause}
Brandon: Next is
Kyejin: 고픕니다.
(gppeumnida.)
Brandon: meaning ‘hungry.’
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 고픕니다.
(gppeumnida.)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 고픕니다.
(gppeumnida.)
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the speaker say, “Yes, I'm a little hungry”, and then repeat.
Kyejin: 네. 배가 조금 고픕니다.
(ne. baega jogeum gopeumnida.)
{pause}
Brandon: To expand on the pattern, replace “a little” with “very”.
Kyejin: 정말
(jeongmal)
Brandon: meaning “very”.
Kyejin: (slow) 정말 (jeongmal)
(regular) 정말 (jeongmal)
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “very”.
Kyejin: 네. 배가 정말 고픕니다.
(ne. baega jeongmal gopeumnida.)
Brandon: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “a little” with “very”. Say “Yes, I'm very hungry”.
{pause}
Kyejin: 네. 배가 정말 고픕니다.
(ne. baega jeongmal gopeumnida.)
Brandon: To say ‘I’m very hungry.’, you can also use this adverb.
Kyejin: 많이
(mani)
Brandon: meaning “many” or “much.”
Kyejin: (slow) 많이 (mani)
(regular) 많이 (mani)
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again. Say “Yes, I'm very hungry.”
Kyejin: 네. 배가 많이 고픕니다.
(ne. baega mani gopeumnida.)
Brandon: To use a different phrase, replace “very” with “not”.
Kyejin: 안
Brandon: not. This adverb is working as ‘not’ in English, as in ‘do not eat.’
Kyejin: (slow) 안 (mani)
(regular) 안 (mani)
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “not”
Kyejin: 아니요. 배가 안 고픕니다.
Brandon: As it’s a negative sentence, make sure you say
Kyejin: 아니요.
Brandon: meaning ‘No’ before you answer the question. Listen to the phrase again, this time, say ‘No, I’m not hungry.’
Kyejin: 아니요. 배가 안 고픕니다.
Brandon: To say "No. I’m full", in a simple way, just say:
Kyejin: 아니요. 배 부릅니다.
Brandon: Which is like saying “No, I’m full” in English. Let's hear it slowly.
Kyejin: (Slowly) 아니요. 배 부릅니다.
Brandon: And one more time at normal speed:
Kyejin: 아니요. 배 부릅니다.
QUIZ
Brandon: Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you are visiting South Korea and someone asks you if you're hungry. You want to answer “Yes, I'm a little hungry”. Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 배가 고픕니까?
(baega gopeumnikka?)
(five seconds) 네. 배가 조금 고픕니다.
(ne. baega jogeum gopeumnida.)
Brandon: Now you want to say “Yes, I'm very hungry.” Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 배가 고픕니까?
(baega gopeumnikka?)
(five seconds) 네. 배가 정말 고픕니다.
Brandon: You want to say “Yes, I'm very hungry.” using the other adverb meaning ‘many’ and ‘much.’. Answer the speaker's question.
Kyejin: 배가 고픕니까?
(baega gopeumnikka?)
(five seconds) 네. 배가 많이 고픕니다.
(ne. baega mani gopeumnida.)
Brandon: You want to say “No, I'm not hungry.” Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 배가 고픕니까?
(baega gopeumnikka?)
(five seconds)아니요. 배가 안 고픕니다.
Brandon: Now, you want to ask someone if they are hungry. Ask the question.
(5 seconds)
Kyejin: 배가 고픕니까?
(baega gopeumnikka?)
{pause}
Brandon: Now it's time to answer the question with actual information about yourself.
Kyejin: 배가 고픕니까?
(baega gopeumnikka?)
{pause}

Outro

Brandon: This is the end of Lesson 21

7 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Listeners, are you hungry? *Answer in Korean!

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KoreanClass101.com
Wednesday at 8:43 am
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Hi 아린,


Thanks for posting! Please let us know if you have any inquiries.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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아린
Sunday at 12:46 pm
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네, 배가 조금 고픕니다

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KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 12:01 pm
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Hi Nisha,


Right. "먹고 싶어?" is the informal way to ask "Do you want to eat?"

Great observation! :thumbsup:

Right now, I can think of the word "다리" which can mean "bridge" or "leg" depending on the context.

"초" has many meanings "second/candle/beginning/vinegar" as well.


Regards,

Claire

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Nisha
Sunday at 4:16 pm
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I also observed (at least in the lessons I've come across so far) that the word 배 means quite a lot of things. 배 means 'pear', 'boat', and 'stomach/belly'. Are there more Korean words that have different meanings like this one, or is 배 an exception?


감사합니다 !

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Nisha
Saturday at 11:40 pm
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This question was far more different than what I expected. I thought the word 먹다 would be used. There are variations to this question, right? How do you say "Do you want to eat?" for instance?

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Nisha
Saturday at 4:45 pm
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Hello!


아니요. 배가 부릅니다. (No, I am full). :smile: