Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Brandon: In each lesson of this 25 part series, you'll master a common question for Korean learners, and then learn how to answer it like a native speaker. You'll learn how these key phrases work by breaking them down into each component. Then through repetition and new vocabulary, you'll expand your understanding of the question, its answers, and any variations.

Lesson focus

Brandon: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question “What are you doing?” In Korean this is
Kyejin: 무엇을 하고 있습니까?
(mueoseul hago isseumnikka?)
Brandon: The first word in the question is
Kyejin: 무엇
(mueot)
Brandon: meaning “what” in English.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 무엇
(mueot)
Brandon: Listen again and repeat.
Kyejin: 무엇
(mueot)
{pause}
Brandon: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Kyejin: 을
(eul)
Brandon: the object marking particle
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 을
(eul)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 을
(eul)
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 무엇을
{pause}
Brandon: And next
Kyejin: 하
(ha)
Brandon: the verb-stem of the verb...
Kyejin: '하다'
Brandon: meaning “to do”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 하
(ha)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 하
(ha)
{Pause}
Brandon: And next
Kyejin: 고 있습니-
(go isseumnida)
Brandon: which means something like “doing something.”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 고 있습니-
(go isseumni-)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 고 있습니-
(go isseumnida)
Brandon: Listen to the the first 4 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 무엇을 하고 있습니-
(hago isseumnida)
{pause}
Brandon: And next
Kyejin: 까
(kka)
Brandon: the question marking particle
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 까
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 까
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Kyejin: 무엇을 하고 있습니까?
(mueoseul hago isseumnikka?)
{pause}
Brandon: You will hear this common question again and again throughout your studies. Master the following pattern and responses to the question “What are you doing?”
Kyejin: 생각하고 있습니다.
(saenggakhago isseumnida.)
Brandon: means "I'm thinking”. Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Kyejin: (Slow) 생각하고 있습니다.
{pause}
Brandon: Let's break it down from the beginning. The first word:
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 생각하
(saenggakha)
Brandon: means ‘to think.’ This is the verb-stem of the verb
Kyejin: 생각하다
Brandon: Now repeat
Kyejin: 생각하-
(saenggakha)
{pause}
Brandon: And next...
Kyejin: (Slow) 고 있습니다.
(go isseumnida.)
{pause}
Brandon: which means “doing something.” as in “I’m doing...” and “You’re doing..”
Kyejin: 고 있습니다.
(go isseumnida.)
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the speaker say, “I'm thinking”, and then repeat.
Kyejin: 생각하고 있습니다.
(saenggakhago isseumnida.)
{pause}
Brandon: To use a different phrase, replace “thinking” with “doing homework.”
Kyejin: 숙제하-
(sukjjehago isseumnida.)
Brandon: meaning “to do homework”.’ This is the verb-stem of the verb
Kyejin: 숙제하다.
Brandon: once more
Kyejin: (slow) 숙제하-
(regular) 숙제하-
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “doing homework.”
Kyejin: 숙제하고 있습니다.
Brandon: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “thinking” with “doing homework.” Say “I'm doing homework.”
{pause}
Kyejin: 숙제하고 있습니다.
Brandon: To use a different phrase, replace “doing homework”” with “studying.”
Kyejin: 공부하-
Brandon: meaning “to study”.’ This is the verb-stem of the verb
Kyejin: 공부하다.
Kyejin: (slow) 공부하-
(regular) 공부하-
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “studying”
Kyejin: 공부하고 있습니다.
Brandon: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “doing homework” with “studying.” Say “I'm studying.”
{pause}
Kyejin: 공부하고 있습니다.
Brandon: To make another phrase, replace “studying” with “cooking.”
Kyejin: 요리하-
(yoriha)
Brandon: meaning “to cook”.’ This is the verb-stem of the verb
Kyejin: 요리하다.
Brandon: once more
Kyejin: (slow) 요리하-
(regular) 요리하-
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “cooking”
Kyejin: 요리하고 있습니다.
(yorihago isseumnida.)
Brandon: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “studying” with “cooking.” Say “I'm cooking”.
{pause}
Kyejin: 요리하고 있습니다.
(yorihago isseumnida.)
QUIZ
Brandon: Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you are visiting South Korea and someone asks you what you're doing. You are thinking. Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 무엇을 하고 있습니까?
(mueoseul hago isseumnikka?)
(five seconds) 생각하고 있습니다.
(saenggakhago isseumnida.)
Brandon: Now imagine you are doing homework. Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 무엇을 하고 있습니까?
(mueoseul hago isseumnikka?)
(five seconds) 숙제하고 있습니다.
(sukjjehago isseumnida.)
Brandon: Imagine you are studying. Answer the speaker's question.
Kyejin: 무엇을 하고 있습니까?
(mueoseul hago isseumnikka?)
(five seconds) 공부하고 있습니다.
(gongbuhago isseumnida.)
Brandon: Imagine you're cooking. Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 무엇을 하고 있습니까?
(mueoseul hago isseumnikka?)
(five seconds) 요리하고 있습니다.
(yorihago isseumnida.)
Brandon: You want to ask someone what they are doing. Ask the question
(5 seconds)
Kyejin: 무엇을 하고 있습니까?
(mueoseul hago isseumnikka?)
{pause}

Outro

Brandon: This is the end of Lesson 18

16 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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What are you doing? Try answering in Korean!

KoreanClass101.com
Wednesday at 8:31 am
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Hi 아린,


Thank you for sharing with us!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

아린
Sunday at 12:02 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

한국어 공부하고 있습니다

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Tuesday at 8:41 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Petra,


Thanks for your comment!

Yes, you wrote a perfect sentence! Good job!

공부하고 있군요! 힘내세요! 👍👍


Best,

Rebecca

Team KoreanClass101.com

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Tuesday at 8:40 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Cynthia,

Thank you for writing us a comment!

Here are my answers to your questions. 😄


1. What are some other ways to say it formally and informally?

독서하고 있습니다. (I'm reading) >>Very good! It's a formal one.

책을 읽고 있습니다. >> Another formal one.

독서중이야. >>informal

책 읽고 있어. >> informal

책 보고 있어. >>informal

...and there are more on the list, haha. :)


2. If I were to talk about my hobbies, would this be correct?

제 취미 독서는 요리는 음악을듣 중 셋입니다. (Three of my hobbies are reading, cooking, and listening to music.) Awesome try! 👍👍👍

>>제 취미는 세 가지인데, 독서, 요리, 그리고 음악감상입니다.

>>독서, 요리, 그리고 음악감상은 제 세 가지 취미입니다.


3. When listing items, what would be the counter word to separate the items (는 and/or 은)?

>>Hmm, I think you may use [과/와] or [랑/이랑].


Hope you found my answer helpful, and please keep up the good work!!😄


Best,

Rebecca

Team KoreanClass101.com

Petra
Sunday at 3:29 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

안녕하새요!


공부하고 있습니다.


Did I do it right?

Cynthia
Sunday at 10:36 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

안녕하세요 선생님,


What are some other ways to say it formally and informally?

독서하고 있습니다. (I'm reading)


If I were to talk about my hobbies, would this be correct?

제 취미 독서는 요리는 음악을듣 중 셋입니다. (Three of my hobbies are reading, cooking, and listening to music.)


When listing items, what would be the counter word to separate the items (는 and/or 은)?


대단히 감사합니다!

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Monday at 9:53 pm
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Hi Tom,


Thanks for posting. 정말 맛있겠어요! :smile:

Enjoy your ice cream!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Tom
Sunday at 2:14 am
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아이스크림을 먹고 있습니다 :sunglasses:

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Friday at 11:40 am
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Hi Nisha,


Yes, "만들다" means "to make." :thumbsup:


Regards,

Claire

Team KoreanClass101.com

Nisha
Saturday at 4:42 pm
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Does 만들다 mean "to make"?