Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Brandon: In each lesson of this 25 part series, you'll master a common question for Korean learners, and then learn how to answer it like a native speaker. You'll learn how these key phrases work by breaking them down into each component. Then through repetition and new vocabulary, you'll expand your understanding of the question, its answers, and any variations.

Lesson focus

Brandon: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question “Do you have any brothers and sisters?” In Korean this is
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가 있습니까?
Brandon: The first word in the question is
Kyejin: 형제나 자매
Brandon: meaning ‘siblings’ in English. Literally, this means 'brothers or sisters.'
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 형제나 자매
Brandon: Listen again and repeat.
Kyejin: 형제나 자매
{Pause}
Brandon: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Kyejin: 가
Brandon: the subject marking particle.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 가
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 가
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가
{pause}
Brandon: And after that
Kyejin: 있습니
Brandon: This is the verb-stem of the verb
Kyejin: 있습니다.
Brandon: meaning “there is”, “there are”, “exist”, or “to have”.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 있습니
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 있습니
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the the first 3 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가 있습니
{pause}
Brandon: And next
Kyejin: 까
Brandon: this is the question marker.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 까
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 까
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가 있습니까.
{pause}
Brandon: (You will hear this common question again and again throughout your studies.) Master the following pattern and responses to the question Do you have any brothers and sisters??
Kyejin: 여동생이 있습니다.
Brandon: "I have a younger sister.” Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Kyejin: (Slow) 여동생이 있습니다.
{pause}
Brandon: Let's break it down from the beginning. The first word:
Kyejin: 여동생
Brandon: means “younger sister.”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 여동생
Brandon: Now repeat
Kyejin: 여동생
{Pause}
Brandon: And next
Kyejin: 이
Brandon: the subject marking particle.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 이
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 이
{Pause}
Brandon: And after that
Kyejin: 있습니다.
Brandon: meaning “there is”, “there are”, “to exist”, or “to have”.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 있습니다.
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 있습니다.
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the speaker say, “I have a younger sister.”, and then repeat.
Kyejin: 여동생이 있습니다.
{pause}
Brandon: To expand on the pattern, replace “younger sister” with “older brother”.
Kyejin: 형
Brandon: older brother
Kyejin: (slow) 형
(regular) 형
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “older brother”
Kyejin: 형이 있습니다.
Brandon: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “younger sister” with “older brother”. Say “I have an older brother”.
{pause}
Kyejin: 형이 있습니다.
Brandon: Note that the word
Kyejin: 형
Brandon: can be used only by a male speaker. If you're a female speaker, you can use the word.
Kyejin: 오빠
Brandon: to mean 'older brother'. Listen to the phrase again, this time with 'older brother' for a female speaker.
Kyejin: 오빠가 있습니다.
(slow) 오빠가 있습니다.
Brandon: To expand on the pattern, replace “older brother” with “older sister”.
Kyejin: 누나
Brandon: older sister
Kyejin: (slow) 누나
(regular) 누나
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “older sister”
Kyejin: 누나가 있습니다.
Brandon: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “older brother” with “older sister”. Say “I have an older sister.”
{pause}
Kyejin: 누나가 있습니다.
Brandon: Note that the word
Kyejin: 누나
Brandon: can only be used by a male speaker. If you're a female speaker, you can use the word.
Kyejin: 언니
Brandon: meaning 'older sister'. Listen to the phrase again, this time with 'older sister' for a female speaker.
Kyejin: 언니가 있습니다.
(slow) 언니가 있습니다.
Brandon: To use a different phrase, replace “older sister” with “younger brother”.
Kyejin: 남동생
Brandon: younger brother
Kyejin: (slow) 남동생
(regular) 남동생
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “younger brother”
Kyejin: 남동생이 있습니다.
Brandon: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “older sister” with “younger brother”. Say “I have a younger brother.”
{pause}
Kyejin: 남동생이 있습니다.
QUIZ
Brandon: Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you are visiting South Korea and someone asks you if you have any brothers or sisters. You want to say you have (a) younger sister. Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가 있습니까?
(five seconds) 여동생이 있습니다.
Brandon: Now imagine you have an older brother. Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가 있습니까?
(five seconds) 형이 있습니다.
Brandon: Imagine you have an older sister. Answer the speaker's question.
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가 있습니까?
(five seconds) 누나가 있습니다.
Brandon: Imagine you have a younger brother. Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가 있습니까?
(five seconds) 남동생이 있습니다.
Brandon: You want to ask someone if they have any brothers or sisters. Ask the question
(5 seconds)
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가 있습니까?
{pause}
Brandon: Now it's time to answer the question with actual information about yourself.
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가 있습니까?
{pause}

Outro

Brandon: This is the end of Lesson 13

77 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Do you have any brothers or sisters *try answering in Korean?

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Thursday at 12:48 am
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Hi Andrea,


Thank you for sharing with us. Great job, keep it up!


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Andrea
Monday at 6:14 am
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오빠가 있습니다. 😄

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Tuesday at 6:11 am
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Hi Kyla,


Thank you for commenting. You did pretty great! Let's take a look at what you wrote:


안녕하서요! 오빠랑 언니가 있습니다.

-->안녕하세요! 오빠랑 언니가 있습니다.


Please let us know if you have any other questions.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Kyla
Saturday at 12:09 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

안녕하서요!

오빠랑 언니가 있습니다.

Is that right? I meant to say: I have an older brother and an older sister. (Female speaker)



Kyla
Saturday at 12:05 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

안녕하서요!


I have an 언니 and an 오빠, how would I write that?


감사합니다!

- 카일라

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Saturday at 4:12 am
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Hi Antoinette,


Thanks for posting. If you do not have siblings, you simply say:

저는 외동__(insert daughter/son here)입니다.


Hi Kaiyara,


Thank you for sharing with us. Great job!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com


Kaiyara
Wednesday at 12:17 am
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언니가 있습니다.

Antoinette
Tuesday at 4:15 pm
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Hello!

How would one respond to this if they do not have any siblings at all?

KoreanClass101.com
Thursday at 12:07 am
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Hi Elyise,


Thank you for posting. You would say:


저는 의붓오빠/의붓언니/의붓(남/여)동생이 있어요. (if you are female)

저는 의붓형/의붓누나/의붓(남/여)동생이 있어요. (if you are male)

Hope this was of help.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Elyise
Sunday at 10:17 pm
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Hi!


Thank you for the great lessons, helps me a lot with my learning! ^.^


Let me ask you a question, how can I say that I have step/half sisters or -brothers?