Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Brandon: In each lesson of this 25 part series, you'll master a common question for Korean learners, and then learn how to answer it like a native speaker. You'll learn how these key phrases work by breaking them down into each component. Then through repetition and new vocabulary, you'll expand your understanding of the question, its answers, and any variations.

Lesson focus

Brandon: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question “Do you have any brothers and sisters?” In Korean this is
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가 있습니까?
Brandon: The first word in the question is
Kyejin: 형제나 자매
Brandon: meaning ‘siblings’ in English. Literally, this means 'brothers or sisters.'
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 형제나 자매
Brandon: Listen again and repeat.
Kyejin: 형제나 자매
{Pause}
Brandon: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Kyejin: 가
Brandon: the subject marking particle.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 가
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 가
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가
{pause}
Brandon: And after that
Kyejin: 있습니
Brandon: This is the verb-stem of the verb
Kyejin: 있습니다.
Brandon: meaning “there is”, “there are”, “exist”, or “to have”.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 있습니
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 있습니
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the the first 3 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가 있습니
{pause}
Brandon: And next
Kyejin: 까
Brandon: this is the question marker.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 까
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 까
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가 있습니까.
{pause}
Brandon: (You will hear this common question again and again throughout your studies.) Master the following pattern and responses to the question Do you have any brothers and sisters??
Kyejin: 여동생이 있습니다.
Brandon: "I have a younger sister.” Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Kyejin: (Slow) 여동생이 있습니다.
{pause}
Brandon: Let's break it down from the beginning. The first word:
Kyejin: 여동생
Brandon: means “younger sister.”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 여동생
Brandon: Now repeat
Kyejin: 여동생
{Pause}
Brandon: And next
Kyejin: 이
Brandon: the subject marking particle.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 이
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 이
{Pause}
Brandon: And after that
Kyejin: 있습니다.
Brandon: meaning “there is”, “there are”, “to exist”, or “to have”.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 있습니다.
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 있습니다.
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the speaker say, “I have a younger sister.”, and then repeat.
Kyejin: 여동생이 있습니다.
{pause}
Brandon: To expand on the pattern, replace “younger sister” with “older brother”.
Kyejin: 형
Brandon: older brother
Kyejin: (slow) 형
(regular) 형
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “older brother”
Kyejin: 형이 있습니다.
Brandon: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “younger sister” with “older brother”. Say “I have an older brother”.
{pause}
Kyejin: 형이 있습니다.
Brandon: Note that the word
Kyejin: 형
Brandon: can be used only by a male speaker. If you're a female speaker, you can use the word.
Kyejin: 오빠
Brandon: to mean 'older brother'. Listen to the phrase again, this time with 'older brother' for a female speaker.
Kyejin: 오빠가 있습니다.
(slow) 오빠가 있습니다.
Brandon: To expand on the pattern, replace “older brother” with “older sister”.
Kyejin: 누나
Brandon: older sister
Kyejin: (slow) 누나
(regular) 누나
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “older sister”
Kyejin: 누나가 있습니다.
Brandon: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “older brother” with “older sister”. Say “I have an older sister.”
{pause}
Kyejin: 누나가 있습니다.
Brandon: Note that the word
Kyejin: 누나
Brandon: can only be used by a male speaker. If you're a female speaker, you can use the word.
Kyejin: 언니
Brandon: meaning 'older sister'. Listen to the phrase again, this time with 'older sister' for a female speaker.
Kyejin: 언니가 있습니다.
(slow) 언니가 있습니다.
Brandon: To use a different phrase, replace “older sister” with “younger brother”.
Kyejin: 남동생
Brandon: younger brother
Kyejin: (slow) 남동생
(regular) 남동생
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “younger brother”
Kyejin: 남동생이 있습니다.
Brandon: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “older sister” with “younger brother”. Say “I have a younger brother.”
{pause}
Kyejin: 남동생이 있습니다.
QUIZ
Brandon: Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you are visiting South Korea and someone asks you if you have any brothers or sisters. You want to say you have (a) younger sister. Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가 있습니까?
(five seconds) 여동생이 있습니다.
Brandon: Now imagine you have an older brother. Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가 있습니까?
(five seconds) 형이 있습니다.
Brandon: Imagine you have an older sister. Answer the speaker's question.
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가 있습니까?
(five seconds) 누나가 있습니다.
Brandon: Imagine you have a younger brother. Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가 있습니까?
(five seconds) 남동생이 있습니다.
Brandon: You want to ask someone if they have any brothers or sisters. Ask the question
(5 seconds)
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가 있습니까?
{pause}
Brandon: Now it's time to answer the question with actual information about yourself.
Kyejin: 형제나 자매가 있습니까?
{pause}

Outro

Brandon: This is the end of Lesson 13

69 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Do you have any brothers or sisters *try answering in Korean?

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KoreanClass101.com
Thursday at 12:07 am
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Hi Elyise,


Thank you for posting. You would say:


저는 의붓오빠/의붓언니/의붓(남/여)동생이 있어요. (if you are female)

저는 의붓형/의붓누나/의붓(남/여)동생이 있어요. (if you are male)

Hope this was of help.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Elyise
Sunday at 10:17 pm
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Hi!


Thank you for the great lessons, helps me a lot with my learning! ^.^


Let me ask you a question, how can I say that I have step/half sisters or -brothers?

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KoreanClass101.com
Thursday at 7:02 am
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Hi Leelee,


Thank you for posting. "I have an older sister and a younger brother" depends on whether you are female or male. If you are female:


언니랑 남동생이 있어요.


If you are male:


누나랑 남동생이 있어요.


We actually have a lesson series that helps you with the particles used in the sentences, please try giving this lesson series a try:


https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/particles-1-the-topic-marking-particles-eun-and-neun/


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com


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Leelee
Wednesday at 1:58 am
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Hey! How do I say "I have an older sister and a younger brother" and can you also explain the grammar for the sentence?, by the way, thank you for this lesson, I really appreciate the work you put into these lessons!

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KoreanClass101.com
Wednesday at 11:04 am
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Hi 아린,


Thanks for sharing with us! 😄


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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아린
Tuesday at 10:47 am
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언니랑 오빠 있어요

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KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 9:13 am
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Hi Leen,


Thanks for posting. You would need to state the number of older siblings you have, as well as let us know whether you are male or female but one way to say it would be:


오빠랑 언니, 여동생이 있어요. (speaker is female)

형이랑 누나, 여동생이 있어요. (speaker is male)


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Leen
Monday at 10:00 am
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How to say

I have older brother sisters and younger sister. Thanks

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KoreanClass101.com
Wednesday at 10:29 pm
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Hi Eling,


Thanks for posting. Both sentences are correct! And to answer your question, "과" and "랑" literally have the same meaning, but the former is more formal (you will see it in written format, documents, etc), whereas the latter is colloquial (you will likely only hear it in speech or in 'conversational' sentences in written form).


Hope this was of help!

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com


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Eling
Tuesday at 9:09 pm
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안녕하세요.


I would like to say "I have an older sister and a younger brother", do I say "언니 한 명과 남동생 한 명이 있습니다" or "언니랑 남동생이 있습니다"? And, what is the difference between "과" and "랑"?


감사합니다.