Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Brandon: In each lesson of this 25 part series, you'll master a common question for Korean learners, and then learn how to answer it like a native speaker. You'll learn how these key phrases work by breaking them down into each component. Then through repetition and new vocabulary, you'll expand your understanding of the question, its answers, and any variations.

Lesson focus

Brandon: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question “How is it?” for food. In Korean this is
Kyejin: 음식은 어떻습니까?
Brandon: The first word in the question is
Kyejin: 음식
Brandon: meaning “food” in English.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 음식
Brandon: Listen again and repeat.
Kyejin: 음식
{Pause}
Brandon: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the lesson. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Kyejin: 은
Brandon: the subject marking particle, meaning 'is' or 'to be.'
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 은
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 은
(desu)
Brandon: Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 음식은
{pause}
Brandon: And next.
Kyejin: 어떻습니까.
Brandon: meaning 'how is' as in a question.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 어떻습니까.
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 어떻습니까.
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Kyejin: 음식은 어떻습니까.
{pause}
Brandon: You will hear this common question again and again throughout your studies. Master the following pattern and responses to the question “How is it?” for foods.
Kyejin: 음식이 정말 맛있어요.
Brandon: "It's very delicious.” Literally, it means ‘This food is very delicious.’ Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Kyejin: (Slow) 음식이 정말 맛있어요.
{pause}
Brandon: Let's break it down from the beginning. The first word:
Kyejin: 음식
Brandon: meaning “food.”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 음식
Brandon: Now repeat
Kyejin: 음식
{Pause}
Brandon: And after that we have
Kyejin: 이
Brandon: topic-marking particle.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 이
Brandon: Now repeat
Kyejin: 이
{Pause}
Brandon: And after that we have
Kyejin: 정말
Brandon: meaning “very.”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 정말
Brandon: Now repeat
Kyejin: 정말
{Pause}
Brandon: And after that we have
Kyejin: 맛있어요.
Brandon: meaning ‘delicious’, or ‘It’s delicious.’
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 맛있어요.
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 맛있어요.
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the speaker say, “It's very delicious,” and then repeat.
Kyejin: 음식이 정말 맛있어요.
{pause}
Brandon: To expand on the pattern, replace ‘very delicious’ with ‘spicy.’
Kyejin: 음식이 매워요.
Brandon: It’s spicy. or literally ‘the food is spicy.’
Kyejin: (slow) 음식이 매워요.. (regular) 음식이 매워요.
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with ‘It’s spicy’
Kyejin: 음식이 매워요.
Brandon: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace ‘It’s delicious’. with ‘It's spicy.’
{pause}
Kyejin: 음식이 매워요.
Brandon: To use a different phrase, replace ‘spicy’ with ‘salty’.
Kyejin: 음식이 짜요.
Brandon: It’s salty. or literally ‘the food is salty.’
Kyejin: (slow) 음식이 짜요.
(regular) 음식이 짜요.
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with ‘It’s salty.’
Kyejin: 음식이 짜요.
Brandon: To expand on the pattern, replace “salty” with “bitter”.
Kyejin: 음식이 써요.
Brandon: It’s bitter. or literally ‘the food is bitter.’
Kyejin: (slow) 음식이 써요.
(regular) 음식이 써요.
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with ‘It’s bitter’
Kyejin: 음식이 써요.
Brandon: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace ‘salty’ with ‘bitter.’ Say ‘It's bitter’
{pause}
Kyejin: 음식이 써요.
QUIZ
Brandon: Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you are visiting South Korea and someone asks you your opinion on the food you're eating. You want to say ‘it's delicious’. Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 음식은 어떻습니까.
(five seconds) 음식이 정말 맛있어요.
Brandon: Now, you want to say it's spicy. Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 음식은 어떻습니까.
(five seconds) 음식이매워요.
Brandon: you want to say it's salty. Answer the speaker's question.
Kyejin: 음식은 어떻습니까.
(five seconds) 음식이짜요.
Brandon: You want to say it's bitter. Respond to the speaker’s question.
Kyejin: 음식은 어떻습니까.
(five seconds) 음식이써요.
Brandon: Now you want to know what that person thinks of the meal. Ask the question
(5 seconds)
Kyejin: 음식은 어떻습니까.
{pause}

Outro

Brandon: This is the end of Lesson 10

18 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
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KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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How is the Korean Food? Try to answer in Korean!

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KoreanClass101.com
Friday at 10:17 am
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Hi 아린,


Thanks for sharing with us, keep it up! 😄


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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아린
Wednesday at 9:25 am
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떡볶이가 매워요

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KoreanClass101.com
Wednesday at 1:22 am
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Hi Cynthia,


Thanks for posting!😄

Q1. 음식이 정말 맛있 과 매워 좋아합니다. Is this right?

A. Did you mean "I like delicious and spicy food?" Then it may be written as [맛있고 매운 음식을 좋아합니다.]


Q2.Would the informal be 음식이 정말 맛있 과 매워 좋아요?

If a sentence ends in [-요], then it's a formal one.

You may put the question this way: [맛있고 매운 음식 좋아해요?](formal) [맛있고 매운 음식 좋아해?](informal)


Q3. What is the difference between 그리고, 랑, 와, and 과? How would you know when to use each one, or would you just use them all interchangeably?

>>That's a good question! I think you would be able to find the answer from this lesson!

https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/beginner-s2-12-who-was-with-you-in-koreaand-what-were-you-doing/


Q4. Also, when eating Kimchi would I say 음식이 신요 or 김치를 신요?

>> If you're trying to say that "Kimchi is sour", then it is put as [김치가 시어요/셔요.]


Hope you found all the answers, and please let me know if further questions arise!


Best,

Rebecca

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Cynthia
Monday at 2:14 am
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음식이 정말 맛있 과 매워 좋아합니다. Is this right?


Would the informal be 음식이 정말 맛있 과 매워 좋아요?


What is the difference between 그리고, 랑, 와, and 과? How would you know when to use each one, or would you just use them all interchangeably?


Also, when eating Kimchi would I say 음식이 신요 or 김치를 신요?


고맙습니다 선생님!

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KoreanClass101.com
Wednesday at 6:56 am
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Hi Johanna,


Thanks for letting us know. We have a few lessons that may help you with reading and pronouncing Hangul:


https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/video-1-how-to-read-and-write-hangul/

https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/hangul-videos-1-vowels-1/

https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/ultimate-korean-pronunciation-guide-1-introduction-to-perfect-korean-pronunciation/


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Johanna
Saturday at 9:54 am
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Sorry * pronounce* the words slow so i can understand better!!!!

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Johanna
Saturday at 9:40 am
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updated more like show us how to write Korean and try not to peruse the words fast!!!!

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Johanna
Saturday at 9:36 am
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Where are the alphabet the vowels!!!!! I NEED THEM SO I CAN LEARN FASTER!!! sorry but i'm confuse..

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KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 6:54 pm
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Hi Nisha,


하다 verbs are the ones that end with 하다 such as 공부하다(study) and 일하다(work).


Conjugation Rules:

If the last syllable of the stem contains the vowels ㅗ or ㅏ, then 아 is added. If the last syllable of the stem contains any vowel other than 오, 아, and is not a 하다 verb then it becomes an 어. Note that verb stems with 이 turn into a 여, it is due to a contraction of 이 + 어 = 여. If it is a stem with no batchim like 가다, then an extra 아 isn’t added.


ㅏ with no batchim -> Nothing is added. Just take the stem and add 요 at the end as in 가다->가요.

ㅗ with no batchim -> ㅗ+ㅏ become ㅘ as in 오다 -> 와요.


Hope all is clear now. :wink:


Regards,

Claire

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Nisha
Tuesday at 10:47 pm
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Oh, I see.


Okay, then, taking the example I gave: the last syllable of a verb stem contains the vowels ㅗ or ㅏ, then 아 is added. But if that SAME word happens to have no batchim, then the 아 isn’t added. So what is added instead of 아? Also, can you please give me some examples of 하다 verbs?


Thank you! 감사합니다 !