Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Seol: 안녕하세요. 윤설입니다.
Minkyong: 안녕하세요. 민경입니다.
Keith: Hey Keith here in Newbie Season 3, Lesson #4. Get More Out of Korea. Hello and welcome to the Newbie series, Season 3 at KoreanClass101.com where we study modern Korean in a fun, educational format.
Seol: So brush up on the Korean that you started learning long ago or start learning today.
Keith: Yeah. Thanks for being here with us for this lesson. All right. Seol, what are we taking a look at in this lesson?
Seol: In this lesson, you will learn how to say that something is easy 쉬워 or difficult 어려워.
Keith: And this conversation is between
Seol: It is between a Korean girl who is learning English and an American boy who is learning Korean.
Keith: And they are saying that each other’s language is more difficult than their own.
Seol: Yeah.
Keith: So the speakers are friends. Therefore the speakers will be speaking in informal Korean.
Seol: 반말.
Keith: Now before we listen to the conversation
Seol: We want to ask…
Keith: Do you read the lesson notes while you listen?
Seol: We received an email about this study tip.
Keith: So we are wondering if you’ve tried it and if so,
Seol: What do you think of it?
Keith: You can leave us feedback in the comments section of this lesson. Okay. Let’s take a listen.
DIALOGUE
(1)재은: A... B... C... D... F... 영어 너무 어려워.
(1)jaeeun: ei... bi... ssi... di... epeu... yeongeo neomu eoryeowo.
(2)존: 영어? 쉬워! 한국어가 더 어려워.
(2)jon: yeongeo? swiwo! hangugeo-ga deo eoryeowo.
(3)재은: 아니야.한국어 쉬워. 영어가 더 어려워.
(3)jaeeun: aniya. hangugeo swiwo. yeongeo-ga deo eoryeowo.
(4)존: 아니야. 한국어가 더 어려워.
(4)jon: aniya. hangugeo-ga deo eoryeowo.
(5)재은: 한국어 정말 쉬워. 영어 정말 어려워.
(5)jaeeun: hangugeo jeongmal swiwo. yeongeo jeongmal eoryeowo.
(6)존: 거짓말! 한국어 정말 너무 어려워.
(6)jon: geojitmal! hangugeo jeongmal neomu eoryeowo.
(1)재은: A... B... C... D... F... 영어 너무 어려워.
(1)jaeeun: ei... bi... ssi... di... epeu... yeongeo neomu eoryeowo.
Jaeeun: A...B...C...D...F...English is too difficult.
(2)존: 영어? 쉬워! 한국어가 더 어려워.
(2)jon: yeongeo? swiwo! hangugeo-ga deo eoryeowo.
John: English? It's easy! Korean is more difficult.
(3)재은: 아니야.한국어 쉬워. 영어가 더 어려워.
(3)jaeeun: aniya. hangugeo swiwo. yeongeo-ga deo eoryeowo.
Jaeeun: No, Korean is easy. English is more difficult.
(4)존: 아니야. 한국어가 더 어려워.
(4)jon: aniya. hangugeo-ga deo eoryeowo.
John: No, Korean is more difficult.
(5)재은: 한국어 정말 쉬워. 영어 정말 어려워.
(5)jaeeun: hangugeo jeongmal swiwo. yeongeo jeongmal eoryeowo.
Jaeeun: Korean is really easy. English is really difficult.
(6)존: 거짓말! 한국어 정말 너무 어려워.
(6)jon: geojitmal! hangugeo jeongmal neomu eoryeowo.
John: That's a lie! Korean is really too difficult.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Keith: So who do you agree with? Do you think Korean is harder, do you think English is harder?
Seol: I believe Korean is much easier than English.
Keith: Well that’s because you are a native Korean speaker but I think every foreign language is difficult for everyone but I got to be pretty honest. I think English is pretty difficult too.
Seol: Yeah it is.
Minkyong: Yeah.
Keith: But you two are excellent at English.
Seol: But here what I am saying is that, Korean is not so difficult.
Keith: Yeah Korean is not so bad once you get the hang of it. It’s a different language of course but once you get the patterns right and the sentence structure okay, it’s actually very easy I think.
Minkyong: Yeah it’s like you can leave off the subject and you can say one word and that’s a sentence.
Keith: Yeah for example, how do you say, that’s hard?
Minkyong: 어려워.
Keith: There you go, that’s just one word and there you go, a sentence. All right, so why don’t we take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson?
VOCAB LIST
Seol: Okay.
Keith: First word we have is
Seol: 영어
Keith: English
Seol: 영어 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 영어 [natural native speed]
Keith: Next we have
Minkyong: 너무
Keith: Too, too much, extremely.
Minkyong: 너무 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 너무 [natural native speed]
Keith: Next we have
Seol: 한국어
Keith: Korean
Seol: 한국어 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 한국어 [natural native speed]
Keith: Next we have
Minkyong: 정말
Keith: Really, for real.
Minkyong: 정말 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 정말 [natural native speed]
Keith: Next
Seol: 거짓말
Keith: Lie
Seol: 거짓말 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 거짓말 [natural native speed]
Keith: Next we have
Minkyong: 더
Keith: More
Minkyong: 더 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 더 [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Keith: All right. So we are going to take a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. So what’s the first word we are going to look at?
Minkyong: 영어 and 한국어.
Keith: Well that’s two words over there and that’s English and Korean.
Seol: Yeah, two very important languages in KoreanClass101.com
Keith: English and Korean and if you look closely that 어 at the end means language. It doesn’t work with all languages in the world but it works with a lot of them. Country name, the name of the country plus 어 and that becomes the name of the language. So can we have an example?
Seol: 중국어
Keith: What’s the country name?
Seol: 중국
Keith: China and once we add that on, it becomes Chinese.
Seol: 중국어
Keith: And how about one more example?
Minkyong: 스페인어
Keith: Spanish. What’s the country name?
Minkyong: 스페인
Keith: Spain and what do we add on?
Minkyong: 어
Keith: That’s Spanish.
Minkyong: 스페인어
Keith: And of course, that’s not limited to Spain, is it? All right, what’s our next word?
Seol: 너무
Keith: Too, too much, extremely. You can add 너무 in front of words that you want to emphasize. Can you give us an example?
Minkyong: 너무 맛있어요.
Keith: It’s too delicious but in this case, that means it’s very delicious. We are emphasizing delicious. Okay how did it come out in this dialogue?
Seol: John said 한국어 정말 너무 어려워.
Keith: Korean is really too difficult.
Seol: And that’s not so true, right?
Keith: Well he is not telling a lie either. It’s kind of difficult sometimes. So what’s that next word? The word is lie.
Minkyong: 거짓말
Keith: And what’s the opposite of 거짓말?
Seol: 정말
Keith: Really, for real. It’s almost the same as 진짜 which we went over in our last lesson. It also depends on the intonation. If you say it in a rising intonation.
Seol: 정말?
Keith: It means, really but if you just say it plainly, it just means really very. For example, in this dialogue, how did it come out?
Minkyong: 영어 정말 어려워.
LESSON FOCUS
Keith: English is really difficult. Okay let’s move on to this lesson’s focus. Okay what are we focusing on in this lesson?
Minkyong: 어려워.
Keith: It’s difficult and
Minkyong: 쉬워.
Keith: It’s easy. Okay let’s start with 어려워. 어려워 is the verb that means to be difficult in the present tense. What is it in its dictionary form?
Seol: 어렵다.
Keith: And how do we be polite about it?
Seol: 어려워요.
Keith: That’s right. Just add on 요 at the end. Okay how did it come out in this dialogue?
Minkyong: 재은 said 영어 너무 어려워.
Keith: English is too difficult.
Minkyong: And John said 한국어 정말 너무 어려워.
Keith: Korean is really too difficult. Could you give us some sample sentences?
Seol: 안 어려워요.
Keith: It’s not difficult. Then you can add 안 to express, it’s not difficult or you could just use the word, it’s easy.
Minkyong: 쉬워.
Keith: And that’s our next focus. 쉬워 is the verb that means to be easy in the present tense and the dictionary form of 쉬워 is
Minkyong: 쉽다.
Keith: It’s a little bit of a change but what about the polite form?
Minkyong: 쉬워요.
Keith: Okay and how did it come out in this dialogue?
Seol: John said 영어 쉬워.
Keith: English, it’s easy.
Seol: And 재은 said, 한국어 정말 쉬워.
Keith: Korean is really easy. Okay let’s have a quick example.
Minkyong: 너무 쉬워요.
Keith: It’s too easy.
Seol: 한국어 너무 쉬워요.
Keith: Korean is too easy. You think so?
Seol: Yeah.
Keith: Well again native Korean speaker is speaking of it. How about we ask some of our listeners if that’s true or not. What do you think if Korean is difficult, is it easy? Let us know, post a comment and that just about does it for this lesson. Before we go, we want to tell you about a way to drastically improve your pronunciation.
Seol: The voice recording tool.
Keith: Yeah the voice recording tool in the premium learning center.
Minkyong: Record your voice with a click of a button.
Keith: And then play it back just as easily.
OUTRO
Seol: So you record your voice and then listen to it.
Keith: Compare it to Seol, Minkyong, any native Korean speaker.
Minkyong: And adjust your pronunciation.
Keith: And this will help you improve your pronunciation fast. All right, well that’s going to do it. See you everyone next time.
Seol: 안녕.
Minkyong: 안녕히 계세요.

Grammar

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47 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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영어가 더 어려워요? 한국어가 더 어려워요? (Is English is more difficult? Is Korean more difficult?)

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KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 10:46 pm
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Hi als,


Sorry to hear that you are having trouble with the pronunciation. ?

Please don't give up, the more you 'listen', the better you'll get at 'hearing' the pronunciation.?


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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als
Monday at 12:24 am
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Pronunciation is hard for me. I heard they speak 영어 너머려 instate of 영어 너무 어려워.???

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KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 9:47 am
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Hi Evangeline,


Thank you for sharing your input with us! Korean also has a lot of slang, and various dialects (depending on the region), however, most people speak standard Korean, so it will not be too difficult to learn. :smile:

Please let us know if you have any questions!


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Evangeline
Monday at 3:57 am
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I think that, because of all the slang, english would be more difficult to learn. I am a native english speaker and I imagine it would be a hard language to learn. Also, english has so many different accents. Some of them don't even sound like english! So far i think Korean isn't that hard. I'm still a beginner. I find the numbers and grammar hardest to learn.

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KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 1:49 am
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Hello Ian,


Thank you very much for posting! :smile:

We wish that you will get used to it very quickly. :thumbsup:

Please don’t hesitate to ask us if you have any questions.


Thank you,


Albert

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Ian
Monday at 4:03 am
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I think counting and stuff with numbers is more difficult in Korean because there are two systems. At least in English there is just one set of numbers for the most part. Korean numbers is currently what I struggle with. :smile:

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KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 9:04 am
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Hi Ian,


Korean can be difficult if you try to learn all the different provincial dialects. However, like you said, everyone understands standard Korean so knowing it is definitely helpful.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Ian
Friday at 7:54 am
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Well, I suppose English can vary slightly more in terms of regional and geographical dialect. Standard (Seoul) Korean could perhaps get you a bit further than say one form of spoken English would. :smile:

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KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 8:50 pm
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Hi Yen Lik,


Thanks for your comment.

Yes, knowing Chinese is a huge advantage!

But it can be confusing too. :sweat_smile:


Good luck with your learning!


감사합니다.

Claire

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Yen Lik
Sunday at 10:56 pm
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Hi KoreanClass101.com,


I am a Malaysian Chinese, and I speak Malay (National language of Malaysia), English, Chinese and some Chinese dialects. My mother tongue is Chinese, so for me I think learning Korean is not that extremely difficult since quite a lot of Korean words are originated from Chinese. However, it is more difficult when it comes to grammar part. >