Dialogue

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Minkyong: 안녕하세요. KoreanClass101의 민경입니다.
Keith: Hey and I am Keith. Welcome to Newbie Series, Season 3, Lesson 20. Which Day of the Week Did You Say in Korean? Hello and welcome to the Newbie series, Season 3 at KoreanClass101.com where we study modern Korean in a fun, educational format.
Minkyong: So brush up on the Korean that you started learning long ago or start learning today.
Keith: Thanks for being here with us for this lesson. All right, so in this lesson, you will learn how to say the days of the week in Korean.
Minkyong: 월요일, 화요일, 수요일...
Keith: And so on. So where does this conversation take place?
Minkyong: The conversation is between two friends and one of them is planning to go to Japan and the other is asking when.
Keith: So the speakers are speaking informal Korean.
Minkyong: 반말.
Keith: Now before we listen
Minkyong: We want to ask
Keith: Do you read the lesson notes while you listen?
Minkyong: We received an email about the study tip.
Keith: So we are wondering if you’ve tried it and if so.
Minkyong: What do you think of it?
Keith: You can leave us feedback in the comments section of the lesson. Okay well, are you ready to take a flight to Japan?
Minkyong: 네, 들어 봅시다.
DIALOGUE
태현: 언제 일본 가?
taehyeon: eonje ilbon ga?
앨리스: 화요일에 가.
aelliseu: hwayoil-e ga.
태현: 화요일? 오늘 화요일이야.
taehyeon: hwayoil? oneul hwayoil-iya.
앨리스: 아... 수요일에 가.
aelliseu: a... suyoil-e ga.
태현: 수요일? 아.. 내일 가?
taehyeon: suyoil? a... naeil ga?
앨리스: 어? 내일이 수요일? 미안. 금요일에 가.
aelliseu: eo? naeil-i suyoil? mian. geumyoil-e ga.
태현: 정말이야?
taehyeon: jeongmal-iya?
앨리스: 정말 금요일이야.
aelliseu: jeongmal geumyoil-iya.
태현: 언제 일본 가?
taehyeon: eonje ilbon ga?
Taehyeon: When are you going to Japan?
앨리스: 화요일에 가.
aelliseu: hwayoil-e ga.
Aelliseu: I'm going this Tuesday.
태현: 화요일? 오늘 화요일이야.
taehyeon: hwayoil? oneul hwayoil-iya.
Taehyeon: Tuesday? Today is Tuesday.
앨리스: 아... 수요일에 가.
aelliseu: a... suyoil-e ga.
Aelliseu: Oh...I'm going this Wednesday.
태현: 수요일? 아.. 내일 가?
taehyeon: suyoil? a... naeil ga?
Taehyeon: Wednesday? Oh...are you going tomorrow?
앨리스: 어? 내일이 수요일? 미안. 금요일에 가.
aelliseu: eo? naeil-i suyoil? mian. geumyoil-e ga.
Aelliseu: Huh? It’s Wednesday tomorrow? Sorry, I'm going on Friday.
태현: 정말이야?
taehyeon: jeongmal-iya?
Taehyeon: Are you sure?
앨리스: 정말 금요일이야.
aelliseu: jeongmal geumyoil-iya.
Aelliseu: I'm really going on Friday.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Keith: Hmm 앨리스 is not so organized.
Minkyong: Right. If I were going abroad, I will be counting days and hours and make sure to know exactly when I am going.
Keith: Yeah. Maybe she was too excited and forgot everything. She is going over a lot of names of the days of the week and that’s the focus of our lesson today but before we take a look at the days of the week, Minkyong?
Minkyong: Yes.
Keith: What are some of the top travel places for Koreans?
Minkyong: Japan is pretty popular.
Keith: Yeah they are pretty close. It’s about a 2 hour flight. What else do we have?
Minkyong: How about China like Hong Kong?
Keith: Yeah. A lot of Koreans go to China as well because it’s so close but before we move on to the vocabulary really quickly, I am an American citizen. So if I wanted to travel to China, I need a visa, I need a tourist visa to go there and I have to get it separately. What about Koreans, do they need travel visas to go anywhere?
Minkyong: We don’t need a visa to go to Japan but we need a visa for China.
Keith: Oh so you are the same as me.
Minkyong: Umm.
Keith: All right, well let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
Minkyong: Okay.
VOCAB LIST
Keith: The first word we are going to take a look at is
Minkyong: 언제
Keith: When.
Minkyong: 언제 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 언제 [natural native speed]
Keith: Next we have
Minkyong: 일본
Keith: Japan.
Minkyong: 일본 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 일본 [natural native speed]
Keith: Next.
Minkyong: 가
Keith: I go, you go, they go, we go.
Minkyong: 가 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 가 [natural native speed]
Keith: Next
Minkyong: 오늘
Keith: Today.
Minkyong: 오늘 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 오늘 [natural native speed]
Keith: After that
Minkyong: 내일
Keith: Tomorrow
Minkyong: 내일 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 내일 [natural native speed]
Keith: Next
Minkyong: 미안
Keith: Sorry
Minkyong: 미안 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 미안 [natural native speed]
Keith: And finally
Minkyong: 정말
Keith: Really
Minkyong: 정말 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 정말 [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Keith: All right. So let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word we are going to take a look at is
Minkyong: 언제.
Keith: When and how did it come out in this dialogue?
Minkyong: 언제 일본 가?
Keith: When are you going to Japan? And let’s have another example.
Minkyong: 이거 언제 끝나?
Keith: When is this going to be over? When is this going to finish? Minkyong, you don’t like recording?
Minkyong: I didn’t say that.
Keith: Well just really quickly, we would like to go over some of the other question words that you might come across in Korean. So how do we say, what?
Minkyong: 뭐
Keith: Why
Minkyong: 왜
Keith: Who
Minkyong: 누구
Keith: Where
Minkyong: 어디
Keith: And once again, what’s when?
Minkyong: 언제
Keith: Okay. So let’s take a look at our next word.
Minkyong: 오늘
Keith: Today. How about a sample sentence?
Minkyong: 오늘 무슨 요일이야?
Keith: Today, what day is it or what day is it today. So how did the word 오늘 come out in this dialogue?
Minkyong: 태현 said to 앨리스, 오늘 화요일이야.
Keith: Today is Tuesday. Well, really quickly, let’s go over some related words to today. What’s yesterday?
Minkyong: 어제.
Keith: And tomorrow
Minkyong: 내일.
Keith: Hopefully that will be useful for some of our listeners. All right, let’s take a look at our last word.
Minkyong: 미안.
Keith: Sorry and if you wanted to be a little more polite
Minkyong: 미안해요.
Keith: Yeah. This one is a little tricky. What do we have as the informal version?
Minkyong: 미안.
Keith: But you can also say
Minkyong: 미안해.
Keith: And when we have that 해 at the end and we want to be a little more polite, you can just add on
Minkyong: 요.
Keith: So we have
Minkyong: 미안해요.
Keith: So for our listeners who might be thinking this one, you can just add on 요 at the end of 미안, 미안요 it doesn’t really work that way.
Minkyong: No. It sounds weird 미안요. So we have to say 미안해요.
Keith: Right. Instead of 미안요 you add on 미안해요 All right well, let’s take a look at the focus for this lesson. All right so Minkyong, what are we taking a look at in this lesson?
LESSON FOCUS
Minkyong: Days of the week.
Keith: And days of the week in Korean are expressed by adding the word 요일 to the end of the letter that represents each day. Basically what that means is, there is a pattern and each day has a name that’s based on Chinese characters that represents different things in nature. So for some of our listeners that may know some Chinese or may know some Japanese, this might be a very easy lesson for them because all they got to know is the days of the week, that first syllable and then just add on
Minkyong: 요일.
Keith: At the end of them and there you go. You got the days of the week. So let’s take a quick example. What’s Sunday?
Minkyong: 일요일.
Keith: Can we break that down, what’s that first syllable?
Minkyong: 일
Keith: And that represents day or Sun and then we just add on
Minkyong: 요일. 일요일.
Keith: All right and how about Monday?
Minkyong: 월요일.
Keith: And that first syllable is
Minkyong: 월
Keith: And that represents moon but you can just add on what after it to get Monday.
Minkyong: 월요일.
Keith: Okay how about Tuesday?
Minkyong: 화요일.
Keith: And that first syllable is
Minkyong: 화
Keith: And that means fire. What can we add on after that?
Minkyong: 요일
Keith: And together we have
Minkyong: 화요일
Keith: Tuesday. All right Wednesday?
Minkyong: 수요일.
Keith: That first syllable is
Minkyong: 수
Keith: And that represents water. What do we add on after that?
Minkyong: 요일.
Keith: So we have
Minkyong: 수요일.
Keith: Wednesday. Next?
Minkyong: 목요일.
Keith: And that’s Thursday and that first syllable is
Minkyong: 목
Keith: And that represents tree and after that
Minkyong: 요일.
Keith: So together we have
Minkyong: 목요일.
Keith: Thursday. After that, what do we have for Friday?
Minkyong: 금요일.
Keith: First syllable is
Minkyong: 금
Keith: That means gold and after that
Minkyong: 요일
Keith: So together
Minkyong: 금요일.
Keith: Friday. Next is Saturday.
Minkyong: 토요일.
Keith: And that first syllable is
Minkyong: 토
Keith: And that represents earth. After that we add on once again
Minkyong: 요일.
Keith: So together
Minkyong: 토요일.
Keith: Saturday and as you can see, there is a pretty easy pattern to this. All you’ve got to do is remember the days of the week. So there is seven days of the week and there is seven syllables that you just have to remember and right after that, you just add on
Minkyong: 요일.
Keith: To the end and actually remembering the first syllables of these days can be very helpful because a lot of times in Korean when referring to several days of the week in one sentence or in one statement, only the first letters are used. So for example, I go to school on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday. How can we say Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday?
Minkyong: 월화수.
Keith: And those are just the first syllables of Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday. How about Monday, Wednesday, Friday?
Minkyong: 월수금.
Keith: And once again, those are the first syllables. So once you remember 7 syllables, you just have to add on 요일 to get the day and also knowing the first syllables will be really helpful because a lot of times, several days of the week are referred to as just the first syllables.
Minkyong: Yeah it’s really easy. You only have to remember first syllable of the days of the week.
OUTRO
Keith: All right, well that’s going to do it for this lesson. Premium members, use the review track to perfect your pronunciation.
Minkyong: Available in the premium section of the website.
Keith: The learning center
Minkyong: And through iTunes via the premium feed.
Keith: The review track gives you vocabulary and phrases followed by a short pause so you can repeat the words aloud.
Minkyong: The best way to get good fast.
Keith: All right, well everyone, hope you have a wonderful day.
Minkyong: 좋은 하루 되세요.

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23 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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When is your favorite day of the week? 월요일? 화요일? 수요일? 목요일? 금요일? 토요일? 일요일?

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KoreanClass101.com
Saturday at 11:34 am
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Hello Ornella!


Happy to meet you here, and thanks for your comment!

Great job! :)

[해] is a pure Korean word, and it's the daily conversation word for [태양]. :)

Hope it helped!


Best,

Rebecca

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Ornella
Sunday at 5:29 pm
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Hello!


Thank you for the lesson! Between other things I learn a third way to say sun today! I know this is not really related to the lesson but can you please tell me which word is the more used for sun? "일", "해" or "태양"?

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KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 11:09 pm
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Hello andi,


Thank you for the positive feedback, it means a lot to us! ❤️️ It is interesting that Sunday and 일요일 both have 'sun' in it...right? ?


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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andi
Friday at 10:13 pm
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안녕하세요

thats really great. with the explanation of the meaning of the first syllables (the elements) it's much easier to remember.

before I remebered only 일요일 due to the "sun" I think now it will work to remember the others easily. Thanks for edding the chinese characters as well. That's a big help for me.

This is one of my favourite lessons. :)

btw...workwise 월요일 is my favourite day cause it's very busy and time passes fast. wordwise 일요일 is my favourite day due to the "sun" in its word :)

감사합니

안디

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KoreanClass101.com
Wednesday at 10:45 am
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Hi Juri,


Thank you for posting and for studying hard! Yes you can just replace the country:


저는 사우디아랍이아에 살아요 (I live in Saudi Arabia)--> Just a quick correction: 사우디 아라비아(Saudi Arabia)

저는 미국에 살아요 (I live in America)

저는 프랑스에 살아요 (I live in France)

저는 중국에 살아요 (I live in China)

저는 태국에 살아요 (I live in Thailand)

저는 필리핀에 살아요 (I live in Philippines)


Great effort!


And regarding your second question, in colloquial Korean people tend to omit '에'. So '언제 일본 가?' is actually '언제 일본에 가?' with the '에' omitted.

To take a look at what you wrote:


언제 병원 가요 ?

언제 수영장 가요?

언제 식당 가요?


Great work! Keep up the good work and please let us know if you have any other inquiries.

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Juri
Monday at 11:39 am
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I have another question please :sweat_smile:

Umm, it was written "언제 일본 가" Why we don't say "언제 일본에 가?"

I made few sentences too :)

언제 병원 가요 ?

언제 수영장 가요?

언제 식당 가요 ?


감사합니다 !

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Juri
Monday at 11:24 am
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안녕하세요 !

I studied the PDF , and I saw this sentence (저는 일본에 살아요) I live in Japan and then I replaced many countries insteed of Japan , 그럼 이거는 잘해요 ? I hope I did well !


저는 사우디아랍이아에 살아요 (I live in Saudi Arabia)

저는 미국에 살아요 (I live in America)

저는 프랑스에 살아요 (I live in France)

저는 중국에 살아요 (I live in China)

저는 태국에 살아요 (I live in Thailand)

저는 필리핀에 살아요 (I live in Philippines)


감사합니다 !

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Koreanclass101.com
Tuesday at 10:34 pm
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Hey David again,


If you would like to say the days instead of dates,


it would be 오늘 무슨 요일이에요?


요일 means days, 며칠/몇일 would be what date! ;)



Thank you,


Madison

Team Koreanclass101.com

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Koreanclass101.com
Tuesday at 10:33 pm
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Hey David,



Sure! It would be,


오늘은 몇일이에요?



Thank you,


Madison

Team Koreanclass101.com

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David
Saturday at 5:43 pm
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Hi!!!!


How can i ask "what is date today?" and "i go to school on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday" in Korean?


Thanks!!!!