Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. 저는 에이미입니다. Hi everyone, my name is Amy! Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글 시리즈에 오신 것을 환영합니다. And welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com! - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
If you’ve ever wanted to sing Korean songs, write a letter in Korean, be able to get around in Korea, or just jump-start your Korean learning, you’re in the right place. Even if you’re an absolute beginner to Korean, by the time you’re done with this series you’ll be able to read and write Hangul like a pro -- and you’ll get a feel for Korean culture and learn some vocabulary at the same time!
We’ll start by covering the ten vowels and fourteen consonants of written Korean. As you learn these components, you’ll also get plenty of practice writing and reading them with example words. Then we’ll talk about double consonants and vowels, the Batchim, and the pronunciation rules that will help you speak like a native. By the end of this series, you’ll be able to understand the language on a whole new level and have completed an important milestone in mastering Korean.
Hana Hana means “Step by Step” in Korean, and that’s just how we’re going to tackle the Hangul. Just watch these videos, review what you’ve learned using the resources on KoreanClass101.com, and you’re on your way to mastering Hangul.
In this lesson, you’ll learn about the Korean alphabet, and you’ll learn a few characters. So let’s get started!
Let’s start with some very good news: Hangul is easy. For one thing, it has much less characters than, say, Japanese or Chinese. There are only...
...twenty-four.
We use these 24 characters in different combinations to form syllables.
Each block of characters equals one syllable.
Here’s an important rule you need to know about these blocks: Each block needs at least one consonant and one vowel.
You’ll see what we mean when we start to look at some characters.
In Hangul, there are ten vowels and fourteen consonants. Today you’ll learn two of the vowels and one consonant.
Are you ready? Your first vowel is ㅣ.
This is pretty easy, right? Just one stroke, and it even looks like its sound in English: a capital i.
Practice writing this character as you say the pronunciation out loud.
(alternating male and female pronunciation of 이)
As you say this simple sound, it might surprise you to know that you’re actually saying a Korean word! This word means “teeth.” 이.
So how would you write this word? Like this?
Nope! Remember the rule we mentioned earlier?
Every block needs at least one consonant and one vowel.
But in the case of 이, there is no consonant. So instead, we put a placeholder.
This circle, called an 이응 (i-eung)
acts as a placeholder for the consonant. So whenever you have a vowel on it’s own, this placeholder comes before it. Draw the ㅣ vowel to the right of the placeholder.
So when you want to write the word 이, or the syllable ㅣ in the middle of another word, this is how you would write it.
Pretty easy so far, right?
Now, if you take the last character and add a short stroke to the right side...it becomes your second vowel: ㅏ.
(alternating male and female pronunciation of 아)
As you practice the pronunciation, try to associate the sound with the character. Writing it while saying it really helps.
Pop quiz! With what you know so far, try to figure out how to write this Korean word: 아이. Once more: 아이.
This is the character you just learned followed by the first character you learned today. Remember what we learned about the placeholders. You need to put the placeholder circles next to each vowel sound when they stand on their own.
And that’s how you write 아이, which is the Korean word for “child.” 아이.
Are you starting to get the hang of it? You’ve just finished your first Hangul lesson, and you’ve learned three of the 24 basic characters. In the next lesson, you’ll learn three more. Keep taking it Hana Hana, step by step, and keep practicing with KoreanClass101.com! You’ll be surprised how fast you master Korean writing.
See you in the next lesson! 여러분 다음에 만나요

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KoreanClass101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Let's practice writing Hangul on your computer too : )

Change your keyboard setting in Korean, and hit the English keys written next to the Korean characters. (Don't press shift key when you type)

ㅏ (type K)

ㅣ (type L)

ㅇ (type D)

아이 (press DKDL)

KoreanClass101.com
Friday at 3:33 am
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Hi David!


Thank you for your comment.

Your name in Hangul would be [데이비드(deh-yi-bee-deu)].

Regarding 'V' sound, please see this lesson: 'F and V in Korean'.

(https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/absolute-beginner-questions-answered-by-jae-11-how-do-i-say-f-and-v-in-korean/

Hope you liked your Hangul name.

See you around. Thanks!


Best,

Jiye

Team KoreanClass101.com

david
Tuesday at 4:13 am
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How to write David in Hangul plzz tell me?


KoreanClass101.com
Sunday at 5:24 pm
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Hi Amy,


Great to hear you're enjoying our lessons!


Feel free to let us know if you have any questions.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team KoreanClass101.com

Amy
Saturday at 12:53 pm
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Thank you so much for these lessons Amy they helped me so much

KoreanClass101.com
Friday at 11:40 am
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Hi Glaiza,


Thanks for posting, please let us know if you have any questions regarding your studies.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Glaiza Sheryl Espina
Tuesday at 11:17 pm
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아이 hehe first word I know.


Thanks! I want to learn more!

By, Glaiza.


KoreanClass101.com
Thursday at 11:03 am
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Hi Katie Drayton,


I'm so sorry for the belated response. In case you still need it, the names would be:

jin(진), raeann(레이앤), nova(노바), Katie(케이티), Eva(에바 if pronounced as eh-va), tianna(티아나), ruby(루비), grace(그레이스) and Emma(엠마).


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Katie Drayton
Thursday at 1:51 pm
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Hi there it's my birthday tomorrow and I wanted to write my friends names in Korean for them for the party could I get some help? There names are jin, raeann, nova, Katie, Eva, tianna, ruby, grace and Emma. I would really appreciate the help if your willing!

KoreanClass101.com
Friday at 6:58 am
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Hi Jonathan,


Thanks for posting. The consonant ㅇ (ieung) is a nasal consonant. Just remember, when it is used right before a vowel, it acts as a placeholder(you would only pronounced the vowel sound). When used as a batchim (words that end with a consonant), it takes on the 'ng' sound.

Example:


아이 (ai)-->just the vowel sounds

사랑 (sarang)-->takes on the 'ng' sound


Hope this was of help.

Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com


Jonathan
Saturday at 12:20 pm
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Does ㅇ have a particular sound to it ?