Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. 저는 에이미입니다. Hi everyone, my name is Amy! Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글 시리즈에 오신 것을 환영합니다. And welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com! - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
If you’ve ever wanted to sing Korean songs, write a letter in Korean, be able to get around in Korea, or just jump-start your Korean learning, you’re in the right place. Even if you’re an absolute beginner to Korean, by the time you’re done with this series you’ll be able to read and write Hangul like a pro -- and you’ll get a feel for Korean culture and learn some vocabulary at the same time!
We’ll start by covering the ten vowels and fourteen consonants of written Korean. As you learn these components, you’ll also get plenty of practice writing and reading them with example words. Then we’ll talk about double consonants and vowels, the Batchim, and the pronunciation rules that will help you speak like a native. By the end of this series, you’ll be able to understand the language on a whole new level and have completed an important milestone in mastering Korean.
Hana Hana means “Step by Step” in Korean, and that’s just how we’re going to tackle the Hangul. Just watch these videos, review what you’ve learned using the resources on KoreanClass101.com, and you’re on your way to mastering Hangul.
In this lesson, you’ll learn about the Korean alphabet, and you’ll learn a few characters. So let’s get started!
Let’s start with some very good news: Hangul is easy. For one thing, it has much less characters than, say, Japanese or Chinese. There are only...
...twenty-four.
We use these 24 characters in different combinations to form syllables.
Each block of characters equals one syllable.
Here’s an important rule you need to know about these blocks: Each block needs at least one consonant and one vowel.
You’ll see what we mean when we start to look at some characters.
In Hangul, there are ten vowels and fourteen consonants. Today you’ll learn two of the vowels and one consonant.
Are you ready? Your first vowel is ㅣ.
This is pretty easy, right? Just one stroke, and it even looks like its sound in English: a capital i.
Practice writing this character as you say the pronunciation out loud.
(alternating male and female pronunciation of 이)
As you say this simple sound, it might surprise you to know that you’re actually saying a Korean word! This word means “teeth.” 이.
So how would you write this word? Like this?
Nope! Remember the rule we mentioned earlier?
Every block needs at least one consonant and one vowel.
But in the case of 이, there is no consonant. So instead, we put a placeholder.
This circle, called an 이응 (i-eung)
acts as a placeholder for the consonant. So whenever you have a vowel on it’s own, this placeholder comes before it. Draw the ㅣ vowel to the right of the placeholder.
So when you want to write the word 이, or the syllable ㅣ in the middle of another word, this is how you would write it.
Pretty easy so far, right?
Now, if you take the last character and add a short stroke to the right side...it becomes your second vowel: ㅏ.
(alternating male and female pronunciation of 아)
As you practice the pronunciation, try to associate the sound with the character. Writing it while saying it really helps.
Pop quiz! With what you know so far, try to figure out how to write this Korean word: 아이. Once more: 아이.
This is the character you just learned followed by the first character you learned today. Remember what we learned about the placeholders. You need to put the placeholder circles next to each vowel sound when they stand on their own.
And that’s how you write 아이, which is the Korean word for “child.” 아이.
Are you starting to get the hang of it? You’ve just finished your first Hangul lesson, and you’ve learned three of the 24 basic characters. In the next lesson, you’ll learn three more. Keep taking it Hana Hana, step by step, and keep practicing with KoreanClass101.com! You’ll be surprised how fast you master Korean writing.
See you in the next lesson! 여러분 다음에 만나요

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KoreanClass101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Let’s practice writing Hangul on your computer too : )

Change your keyboard setting in Korean, and hit the English keys written next to the Korean characters. (Don’t press shift key when you type)

ㅏ (type K)

ㅣ (type L)

ㅇ (type D)

아이 (press DKDL)

Wednesday at 10:11 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Eleanor,

I’m afraid there isn’t any other way than changing the keyboard settings, when typing different languages in the same paragraph.
There must be some shortcuts to switch from a language to another one, but they are related to your operative system. I recommend you look for those!

If you have more questions, feel free to let us know.
Ofelia
Team KoreanClass101.com

Friday at 10:32 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Jung Ah Jung,

Thanks for commenting. You’re taking your first steps by listening to the lessons, so don’t worry, just take it step by step. If you’d like to learn how to read and write Hangul first, we have a lesson series that will help:

https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/video-1-how-to-read-and-write-hangul/

The ‘Introduction to Korean’ series also provides the basics of writing/grammar etc.:

https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/introduction-to-korean-1-introduction-to-korean/

You’ll also definitely need to learn about particles:

https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/particles-1-the-topic-marking-particles-eun-and-neun/

Write down new words on flashcards and look at them as much as possible too. It will help with increasing your vocabulary.

Hope this was of some help. Please let us know if you have any questions during your Korean studies, we’re here for you!

Sincerely,
Lyn
Team KoreanClass101.com

Jung Ah Jung
Thursday at 4:16 am
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I joined KoreanClass101.com almost 4 years ago and have done nothing at all.
Finally I am starting, but I am the type that cannot move on until I feel I know something completely.
It will probably take a while to even learn Hangul.

It’s sad that I have watched about 20 K-dramas and understand nothing.

Eleanor
Sunday at 2:44 am
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Hello!
This course is really well put together and I’m amazed by how easy you make it! 😄
Already I’m finding connections using what I learnt in Hana Hana Hangeul when looking at Korean words.

I was wondering if you could help me to use the Korean alphabet on my Microsoft PC.
I would really like to be able to type Hanguel and English in the same paragraph without having to constantly change my keyboard settings. I have seen people comment using multiple languages and I wondered how I could do the same.

Do you know if it’s possible on a Microsoft PC?
I know its not a language question but any help would be much appreciated.
Many thanks and have a great evening!

Saturday at 6:19 pm
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Hi Red,

Thanks for the positive feedback! We’re glad you like the series!

Fighting!😄

Sincerely,

Cristiane
Team KoreanClass101.com

Red
Saturday at 6:00 pm
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This series is definitely gonna help me. Amazing! 😄

Saturday at 2:35 am
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Hi javier,

Great to have you here!

We’re glad that you’re enjoying our Hana Hana Hangul Video series!

Keep up studying well and soon you’ll be able to understand a lot of games in Korean😄

We hope you have lots of fun!

If you have any questions, please contact us.

Sincerely,

Cristiane
Team KoreanClass101.com

javier
Saturday at 1:55 am
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Wow I’m actually excited to keep learning! Main reason I want to learn Korean is because a lot of games, at least most popular games, they usually come out in korea first and become a big hit! which makes me really excited!

anyways, this lesson seemed pretty easy and very very informative! thanks!

Wednesday at 7:01 pm
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Hi Haylee,

Thank you for posting!
Yes, ㅇ is the only placeholder (but when it is written in the batchim position, it makes the ng sound.)

감사합니다.
Claire
Team KoreanClass101.com

Haylee
Tuesday at 6:04 pm
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Hello I was wondering if ㅇ(ieung) was the only placeholder or is there other placeholders as well?