Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gina:Hi everyone, I’m Gina.
Jaehwi:And I’m Jaehwi!
Gina:And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Korean Vocabulary, Lesson 20! In this lesson you'll learn 5 essential words related to Health and Emergencies. These are five Natural disasters in South Korea. Hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at KoreanClass101.com
FIVE KEY VOCABULARY ITEMS
Gina:Jaehwi, what’s our first word?
Jaehwi:태풍
Gina:typhoon
Jaehwi:(slow) 태풍 (regular) 태풍
Gina:Listeners, please repeat:
Jaehwi:태풍
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:In the summer, storms and typhoons hit the Korean peninsula, which destroys many farms and homes every year.
Gina:Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Jaehwi:(normal) 한국은 7월과 9월 사이에 태풍으로 여러 피해를 입습니다.
Gina:South Korea is afflicted by typhoon damage from July until September.
Jaehwi:(slow) 한국은 7월과 9월 사이에 태풍으로 여러 피해를 입습니다.
Gina:Okay, what’s the next word?
Jaehwi:홍수
Gina:flood
Jaehwi:(slow) 홍수 (regular) 홍수
Gina:Listeners, please repeat:
Jaehwi:홍수
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:When the long rainy season begins in the summer, some parts of South Korea are susceptible to flooding, which can cause the price of fruits and vegetables to soar extremely high.
Gina:Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Jaehwi:(normal) 한국 정부는 홍수를 예방하기 위해 많은 댐과 하수도 시설을 건설했습니다.
Gina:The Korean government built dams and sewerage systems in order to prevent floods.
Jaehwi:(slow) 한국 정부는 홍수를 예방하기 위해 많은 댐과 하수도 시설을 건설했습니다.
Gina:Okay, what’s the next word?
Jaehwi:가뭄
Gina:drought
Jaehwi:(slow) 가뭄 (regular) 가뭄
Gina:Listeners, please repeat:
Jaehwi:가뭄
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:South Korea suffers from droughts in mid-September through to October as dry and clear days continue. During this time, forest fires often break out and sometimes the destruction is devastating. Aside from this, droughts also negatively impact farming and the price of agricultural products.
Gina:Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Jaehwi:(normal) 한국의 연평균 강수량은 세계 평균 강수량보다 높지만 놀랍게도 한국은 가뭄이 잦은 국가들 중 하나입니다.
Gina:Surprisingly, South Korea often suffers from droughts, even though the average annual precipitation is higher than that of the world average.
Jaehwi:(slow) 한국의 연평균 강수량은 세계 평균 강수량보다 높지만 놀랍게도 한국은 가뭄이 잦은 국가들 중 하나입니다.
Gina:Okay, what’s the next word?
Jaehwi:산사태
Gina:landslide
Jaehwi:(slow) 산사태 (regular) 산사태
Gina:Listeners, please repeat:
Jaehwi:산사태
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:Heavy rain during South Korea's rainy season often causes landslides which block roads and can cause fatalities.
Gina:Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Jaehwi:(normal) 한국의 집중 호우 기간에는 산사태가 가옥과 농경지를 순식간에 휩쓸기도 합니다.
Gina:During heavy rain periods in South Korea, houses and agricultural land can be wiped out by a landslide in an instant.
Jaehwi:(slow) 한국의 집중 호우 기간에는 산사태가 가옥과 농경지를 순식간에 휩쓸기도 합니다.
Gina:Okay, what’s the last word?
Jaehwi:폭설
Gina:heavy snow
Jaehwi:(slow) 폭설 (regular) 폭설
Gina:Listeners, please repeat:
Jaehwi:폭설
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:Heavy snow often falls in the winter in South Korea, which can block roads and cause traffic jams. During this time, vehicles are often equipped with chains as the roads become very slippery.
Gina:Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Jaehwi:(normal) 폭설 기간에는 평소보다 많은 사람들이 대중 교통을 이용합니다.
Gina:When heavy snow falls, more people use public transportation.
Jaehwi:(slow) 폭설 기간에는 평소보다 많은 사람들이 대중 교통을 이용합니다.
QUIZ
Gina:Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Jaehwi will give you the Korean – please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Jaehwi:태풍
[pause]Gina:typhoon
Jaehwi:홍수
[pause]Gina:flood
Jaehwi:가뭄
[pause]Gina:drought
Jaehwi:산사태
[pause]Gina:landslide
Jaehwi:폭설
[pause]Gina:heavy snow

Outro

Gina:There you have it – five Natural disasters in South Korea! We have more vocab lists available at KoreanClass101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Jaehwi:안녕히 계세요.

6 Comments

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KoreanClass101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Have you ever experienced any form of natural disaster? You can share your experience with us.

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Friday at 11:16 am
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Hi Ian,


September is also a good month to travel---it gets a bit chilly in November!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Ian
Tuesday at 10:10 pm
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April, May, October and November seem like good months to travel to Korea. ?

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Tuesday at 6:41 pm
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Hi Tom,


Thank you for posting. You must be a KPop fan if you know Infinite.

And regarding what you said, you are right, although the lesson transcript and lesson notes, as well as Gina's translation in English, all state that typhoon season is between July and September, Jaehwi said that it is between July and August in Korean. Sorry for the difference in the audio and the text, Jaehwi should be saying '7월에서 9월 사이에'. As we cannot fix the audio at this point, we will make sure that there are no similar mistakes in our future lessons.


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Tom
Monday at 6:22 am
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On the lesson audio Jaehwi (not sure of the spelling, sorry) said 한국은 7월과 8월 사이에 태풍으로 여러 피

해를 입습니다, but on the lesson notes it is written as 9월 instead of 8월 :open_mouth: I'm guessing this was just a typo

Tom
Monday at 6:19 am
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I already knew what 태풍 meant because of Infinite's song :sunglasses:

In Ireland we don't really get any natural disasters, except maybe a few 홍수 throughout the year in the countryside :thumbsup: