Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gina:Hi everyone, I’m Gina.
Eunhee:And I’m Eunhee!
Gina:And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Korean Vocabulary, Lesson 13! In this lesson you'll learn 5 essential words related to Geography and Nature. These are five common Plants in Korea. Hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at KoreanClass101.com
FIVE KEY VOCABULARY ITEMS
Gina:Eunhee, what’s our first word?
Eunhee:소나무
Gina:pine tree
Eunhee:(slow) 소나무 (regular) 소나무
Gina:Listeners, please repeat:
Eunhee:소나무
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:A pine tree represents the integrity of the scholars of the Joseon Dynasty period, who lived honorable lives. Its needles are also used as health supplements or added as ingredients to food and beverage.
Gina:Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Eunhee:(normal) 한국 사람들은 추석에 반달 모양의 떡인 송편을 소나무 잎과 함께 쪄서 먹습니다.
Gina:On Thanksgiving Day, people in Korea eat ‘Songpyeon’, a half-moon-shaped rice cake which is steamed with pine needles.
Eunhee:(slow) 한국 사람들은 추석에 반달 모양의 떡인 송편을 소나무 잎과 함께 쪄서 먹습니다.
Gina:Okay, what’s the next word?
Eunhee:아카시아나무
Gina:acacia tree
Eunhee:(slow) 아카시아나무 (regular) 아카시아나무
Gina:Listeners, please repeat:
Eunhee:아카시아나무
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:It is common to see acacia trees by the roadside in Korea, so they are very familiar to Korean people. Their roots are so strong that they can survive in hostile conditions, and the flowers have a pleasant and aromatic fragrance.
Gina:Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Eunhee:(normal) 아카시아 꽃이 피기 시작하는 5월 초에 칠곡군에서는 매년 아카시아 벌꽃 축제가 열립니다.
Gina:The acacia honey festival is held annually in Chilgok-gun in Korea, when acacia flowers start to bloom at the beginning of May.
Eunhee:(slow) 아카시아 꽃이 피기 시작하는 5월 초에 칠곡군에서는 매년 아카시아 벌꽃 축제가 열립니다.
Gina:Okay, what’s the next word?
Eunhee:무궁화
Gina:Rose of sharon
Eunhee:(slow) 무궁화 (regular) 무궁화
Gina:Listeners, please repeat:
Eunhee:무궁화
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:The rose of Sharon is the national flower of South Korea. Some say that this flower represents the Korean people in that it is similar to the Koreans’ characteristic of not succumbing to oppression.
Gina:Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Eunhee:(normal) 무궁화는 한국을 상징하는 꽃으로 애국가 1절에도 등장합니다.
Gina:The rose of Sharon is the symbol of Korea, so it even appears in the lyrics of the first verse of the national anthem.
Eunhee:(slow) 무궁화는 한국을 상징하는 꽃으로 애국가 1절에도 등장합니다.
Gina:Okay, what’s the next word?
Eunhee:은행나무
Gina:ginkgo, maidenhair tree
Eunhee:(slow) 은행나무 (regular) 은행나무
Gina:Listeners, please repeat:
Eunhee:은행나무
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:The maidenhair tree is well known for its long life. When the color of its leaves changes in early fall, Korean people go hiking to see the beautiful scenery. When eaten, Ginkgo nuts can greatly benefit health because they are good for blood circulation.
Gina:Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Eunhee:(normal) 경기도 양평의 용문사에는 천 년 된 은행나무가 있습니다.
Gina:There is a thousand year-old maidenhair tree at the temple ‘Yongmunsa’ in Gyeong-gi province.
Eunhee:(slow) 경기도 양평의 용문사에는 천 년 된 은행나무가 있습니다.
Gina:Okay, what’s the last word?
Eunhee:장미
Gina:rose
Eunhee:(slow) 장미 (regular) 장미
Gina:Listeners, please repeat:
Eunhee:장미
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:The rose is one of the most loved flowers in South Korea, and is always the best choice for a gift for your significant other. May 14th is known as Rose Day.
Gina:Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Eunhee:(normal) 한국에서는 스무송이의 장미, 향수, 키스를 성년의 날 최고의 선물이라고 말합니다.
Gina:It is said that on coming-of-age day in Korea, the three best presents for those who have become adults are twenty roses, perfume, and a kiss.
Eunhee:(slow) 한국에서는 스무송이의 장미, 향수, 키스를 성년의 날 최고의 선물이라고 말합니다.
QUIZ
Gina:Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Eunhee will give you the Korean – please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Eunhee:소나무
[pause]Gina:pine tree
Eunhee:아카시아나무
[pause]Gina:acacia tree
Eunhee:무궁화
[pause]Gina:rose of sharon
Eunhee:은행나무
[pause]Gina:ginkgo, maidenhair tree
Eunhee:장미
[pause]Gina:rose

Outro

Gina:There you have it – five common plants in South Korea! We have more vocab lists available at KoreanClass101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Eunhee:안녕히 계세요.

3 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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In your country, do you use specific flowers in ceremonies or special events that have a special meaning? Tell us about it below!

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Friday at 4:58 pm
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Hi Tom,


Thanks for posting. In Korea, '소나무', or pine tree, symbolizes longevity and righteousness, and the KPop group said they decided on the name because they hoped to be a group of longevity and to make 'the right/good' music, just like a pine tree.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Tom
Friday at 2:47 am
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우와, I never knew the KPop group Sonamoo was named after the Korean word for pine tree :sweat_smile: