Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gina:Hi everyone, I’m Gina.
Eunhee:And I’m Eunhee!
Gina:And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Korean Vocabulary, Lesson 11! In this lesson you'll learn 5 essential words related to Society and Culture. These are five well-known Korean Historical figures. Hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at KoreanClass101.com
FIVE KEY VOCABULARY ITEMS
Gina:Eunhee, what’s our first word?
Eunhee:세종대왕
Gina:The Great King Sejong
Eunhee:(slow) 세종대왕 (regular) 세종대왕
Gina:Listeners, please repeat:
Eunhee:세종대왕
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:The Great King Sejong is the most respected king in Korean history. He invented Hangul, the Korean alphabet, for the people of the lower classes who weren't able to get enough education to learn Chinese characters, which were commonly used for writing in those days.
Gina:Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Eunhee:(normal) 서울 광화문 광장에는 거대한 세종대왕 동상이 있습니다.
Gina:There is a huge bronze statue of The Great King Sejong in Gwanghwamun square in Seoul.
Eunhee:(slow) 서울 광화문 광장에는 거대한 세종대왕 동상이 있습니다.
Gina:Okay, what’s the next word?
Eunhee:이순신 장군
Gina:General Yi, Sunshin
Eunhee:(slow) 이순신 장군 (regular) 이순신 장군
Gina:Listeners, please repeat:
Eunhee:이순신 장군
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:General Yi Sunshin is considered to be one of the bravest and greatest generals in Korean history. He exerted great efforts to protect the Korean peninsula from the Japanese armed forces in 1592 by using clever tactics, designing the unbeatable battleship the Turtle Ship, and bringing the war to a victorious end.
Gina:Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Eunhee:(normal) 한국의 100원짜리 동전 뒷면에서 이순신 장군의 모습을 볼 수 있습니다.
Gina:There is a picture of General Yi Sunshin on the back of the 100 Korean won coin.
Eunhee:(slow) 한국의 100원짜리 동전 뒷면에서 이순신 장군의 모습을 볼 수 있습니다.
Gina:Okay, what’s the next word?
Eunhee:안중근 의사
Gina:Patriot Ahn Jung-geun
Eunhee:(slow) 안중근 의사 (regular) 안중근 의사
Gina:Listeners, please repeat:
Eunhee:안중근 의사
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:Patriot Ahn Jung-geun was an independence activist in the Period of Japanese Occupancy. He assassinated Ito Hirobumi, the chief instigator in the occupation of Korea, in Harbin, China. He was captured by the Japanese and then executed as a prisoner.
Gina:Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Eunhee:(normal) 안중근 의사는 하루라도 책을 읽지 않으면 입 속에 가시가 돋는다는 명언을 남겼습니다.
Gina:Patriot Ahn Jung-geun famously said, “Unless one reads everyday, thorns grow in one’s mouth.”
Eunhee:(slow) 안중근 의사는 하루라도 책을 읽지 않으면 입 속에 가시가 돋는다는 명언을 남겼습니다.
Gina:Okay, what’s the next word?
Eunhee:유관순 열사
Gina:Patriot Ryu, Gwan-sun
Eunhee:(slow) 유관순 열사 (regular) 유관순 열사
Gina:Listeners, please repeat:
Eunhee:유관순 열사
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:Patriot Ryu Gwan-sun was an independence activist in the Period of Japanese Occupancy. At the age of 18, she was arrested for the independence movement against Japanese imperialism and died in prison.
Gina:Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Eunhee:(normal) 조국을 위하다 숨진 유관순 열사를 기리기 위해 천안시는 그녀의 이름을 따서 실내 경기장의 이름을 지었습니다.
Gina:To pay respects to the soul of Ryu Gwan-sun, who died protecting Korea, Cheonan City named an indoor stadium after her.
Eunhee:(slow) 조국을 위하다 숨진 유관순 열사를 기리기 위해 천안시는 그녀의 이름을 따서 실내 경기장의 이름을 지었습니다.
Gina:Okay, what’s the last word?
Eunhee:김대중
Gina:Kim, Dae-jung
Eunhee:(slow) 김대중 (regular) 김대중
Gina:Listeners, please repeat:
Eunhee:김대중
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:Kim Dae-jung was the eighth president of South Korea and the first Korean to receive the Nobel Prize. He received the Nobel Peace Prize for his special efforts towards democracy and for better North-South Korean relations in the year 2000.
Gina:Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Eunhee:(normal) 김대중 전 대통령은 북한의 식량 부족 문제를 해결하기 위해 쌀과 비료를 지원하는 햇볕정책을 도입하였습니다.
Gina:Former president Kim Dae-jung launched the Sunshine Policy, which offered aid in rice and fertilizer to North Korea to ease severe food shortages.
Eunhee:(slow) 김대중 전 대통령은 북한의 식량 부족 문제를 해결하기 위해 쌀과 비료를 지원하는 햇볕정책을 도입하였습니다.
QUIZ
Gina:Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Eunhee will give you the Korean – please repeat it out loud! Are you ready?
Eunhee:세종대왕
[pause]Gina:The Great King Sejong
Eunhee:이순신 장군
[pause]Gina:General Yi, Sunshin
Eunhee:안중근 의사
[pause]Gina:Patriot Ahn Jung-geun
Eunhee:유관순 열사
[pause]Gina:Patriot Ryu, Gwan-sun
Eunhee:김대중
[pause]Gina:Kim, Dae-jung

Outro

Gina:There you have it – five Historical figures in Korea! We have more vocab lists available at KoreanClass101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Eunhee:안녕히 계세요.

5 Comments

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KoreanClass101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Do you know any other famous Korean historical figures?

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Tuesday at 1:11 am
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Hello Ian,


Thank you for your message.


We’ll consider your feedback for our future development.


There are also some advanced audio blog lessons that approach a bit of Korea's historical figures for you to check out:

https://www.koreanclass101.com/category/advanced-audio-blog-5/ (for example: lessons 6,7, 9, etc.)


If you have any questions, please let us know.


Cristiane

Team KoreanClass101.com

Ian
Monday at 11:32 pm
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I would like a series on the history of Korea. The parts involving Japan are of particular interest. ?

KoreanClass101
Friday at 3:31 pm
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Hey Ellen,



의사 basically means the medical doctors while,

열사 stands as activists as you would may have heard from 안중근 열사?


But he could be a bit confusing at the same time because he was 의사 too!haha




Thank you


Madison

Team KoreanClass101.com

EllenM
Wednesday at 10:19 pm
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의사

열사

Can you explain me the difference, since the English translation is the same?

Thank you