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Lesson Transcript


Keith: Keith here! Welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 3 - We Don't Have Anything Warm for the Korean Winter. Hello, and welcome to the Absolute Beginner series at KoreanClass101.com, where we study modern Korean in a fun, educational format!
Misun: So, brush up on the Korean that you started learning long ago, or start learning today.
Keith: Thanks for being here with us for this lesson. Misun, what are we looking at in this lesson?
Misun: In this lesson, we are looking at shopping for clothes.
Keith: Okay. And this conversation takes place where?
Misun: At a department store.
Keith: Okay. And the conversation is between…
Misun: A customer and a worker.
Keith: And the speakers are strangers, therefore the speakers will be speaking formal Korean.
Misun: ì¡´ë
Keith: Well, let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

손님 목도리 있어요?
직원 없어요.
손님 장갑 있어요?
직원 없어요.
손님 겨울 모자 있어요?
직원 손님... 여기 하와이입니다.
Keith: One more time, slowly.
손님 목도리 있어요?
직원 없어요.
손님 장갑 있어요?
직원 없어요.
손님 겨울 모자 있어요?
직원 손님... 여기 하와이입니다.
Keith: One more time with the English.
손님 목도리 있어요?
Keith: Do you have scarves?
직원 없어요.
Keith: No, we don't.
손님 장갑 있어요?
Keith: Do you have gloves?
직원 없어요.
Keith: No, we don't.
손님 겨울 모자 있어요?
Keith: Do you have winter hats?
직원 손님... 여기 하와이입니다.
Keith: Miss, this is Hawaii.
Misun: Hawaii, wow. 너무 좋겠어요.
Keith: Yeah, I would love to be in Hawaii. But this person is asking for some winter clothes. Maybe she thinks this is Korea. Misun, what's winter in Korea like?
Misun: 너무 추워요! It’s really, really freezing out there in Korea.
Keith: It’s super cold.
Misun: I know. You know, when I was very young, I always shivered with cold all the time. I don’t know why. I’ve been layered and layered but it didn’t help.
Keith: Well, you know, I’m from New York, and New York can get pretty cold, too, but like Korea, no way, man. I don’t know what it is. I think it’s the mountains. There’s tons and tons of mountains in Korea, so air gets really pushed down, I guess, to…
Misun: Maybe.
Keith: …to the city sometimes, I guess.
Misun: Yeah, that explains it.
Keith: But also, I feel like when we’re in Korea, the wind is kind of like…
Misun: Stabbing.
Keith: Yeah, yeah, yeah. Really, very funny.
Misun: Right.
Keith: It is. The air…I mean, temperature-wise, it might not be that different from other places, but the air feels different there.
Misun: Right, right.
Keith: I don’t know what it is, though.
Misun: That’s true. And we also have lots of snow in winter.
Keith: Yeah. There’s definitely a lot of snow too. But what do you think about the cleaning system? I guess…does the Korean government do a good job of cleaning up the snow?
Misun: Well, not that I know out.
Keith: Yeah, that’s correct, too. So if it snows, there’s going to be a lot of snow on the street. I mean…
Misun: Right.
Keith: Not cleaned up that much.
Misun: Not really. Maybe some of the, like, mountain area that they should do it, but not in the urban environment.
Keith: Yeah.
Misun: Yeah.
Keith: I guess Korea is a great place to go if you’re a winter lover.
Misun: Sure. Sure. Lovely. Yeah.
Keith: All right. Well, talking about this is making me too cold, so let’s move onto the vocabulary.
Misun: Sure.
Keith: The first word we’re going to take a look at is…
Misun: 목도리 [natural native speed]
Keith: Scarf
Misun: 목도리 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 목도리 [natural native speed]
Keith: Next.
Misun: 장갑 [natural native speed].
Keith: Gloves.
Misun: 장갑 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 장갑 [natural native speed]
Keith: Next?
Misun: 겨울 [natural native speed]
Keith: Winter.
Misun: 겨울 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 겨울 [natural native speed].
Keith: Next?
Misun: 모자 [natural native speed].
Keith: Hat.
Misun: 모자 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 모자 [natural native speed].
Keith: After that…
Misun: 손님 [natural native speed]
Keith: Customer, guest.
Misun: 손님 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 손님 [natural native speed].
Keith: And finally…
Misun: 하와이 [natural native speed].
Keith: Hawaii.
Misun: 하와이 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 하와이 [natural native speed].
Keith: All right. Well, let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Misun: The first word/phrase we’ll look at is 목도리.
Keith: And that’s a scarf.
Misun: 목/도/리 - 목도리
Keith: Okay, and this is pretty straight forward. It’s a scarf.
Misun: Yes, but a lot of times, Korean people will also call it a muffler.
Keith: Right. What's the Korean pronunciation for that?
Misun: 머/플/러. 머플러.
Keith: Or you know what, you can actually just say 스카프!
Misun: 그러네요. That's right.
Keith: So what are the three ways we can say scarf in Korean?
Misun: 목도리, 스카프, and 머플러.
Keith: Misun, which one do you hear more?
Misun: I hear more often either 목도리 or 스카프.
Keith: Really? I actually hear 머플러 more often.
Misun: Really?
Keith: I think what is, it’s older Korean people would say머플러 and the Korean that I know is from my parent’s generation, I guess.
Misun: Right.
Keith: So…
Misun: Or maybe, like, female just goes with the scarf much often and 머플러 goes to with the man’s scarf.
Keith: Really?
Misun: Yeah.
Keith: I don’t know, but…
Misun: I don’t know. You know, it’s really no really distinguishable, but somehow I got that kind of definition.
Keith: Well, in any case, all three of those are pretty much the same thing in Korean.
Misun: Right.
Keith: They all means scarf. All right, what’s our next word?
Misun: Our next word is 손님.
Keith: Customer.
Misun: 손/님. 손님. It can also mean a guest as well.
Keith: Yeah. So if you're coming over my house for dinner, I would call you a 손님.
Misun: 네. Not directly to your guest!
Keith: Right, but when I'm referring to dinner at my house, I would say, “I'm having guests at my house.”
Misun: 오늘 손님이 와요.
Keith: Yeah. And I wouldn't directly call you 손님. Directly, I would call you 미선 씨, maybe even 미선 누나 ^^
Misun: Okay. Now all the listeners know I’m older than Keith. Great job, Keith.
Keith: Not that much older. But when I'm talking about you to other people, you would be a 손님.
Misun: But if you go to a store, and you're a customer, people would call you 손님 directly.
Keith: Right. Like in this conversation!
Misun: 네. The worker said 손님... 여기 하와이입니다.
Keith: “Customer, this is Hawaii.” Since they don't know what to call you, they'll directly call you 손님.
Misun: Okay. Well Keith, let's take a look at our grammar.
Keith: 좋아요.

Lesson focus

Misun: The focus of this lesson is 없다 (eopta)
Keith: Okay, so 없다 (eoptda) is the verb that expresses "to not exist."
Misun: Don't confuse this with the negative Korean copula 아니다 (anida),
Keith: Right. That word means "to not be."
Misun: 없다 is used to express absence, or lack of possession.
Keith: Misun, that’s too much grammar! Come one!
Misun: Okay. Oops, sorry.
Keith: Well in this lesson, 없다 (eoptda) is used to express the lack of possession, meaning, I don't have.
Misun: For example, 목도리 없어요.
Keith: I don't have a scarf.
Misun: If you noticed, the object comes first.
Keith: Yup. And then the verb 없다.
Misun: But of course, you don't need an object if you know what you guys are talking about.
Keith: Okay. For example?
Misun: If you're at a store, and you're asking for some gum.
Keith: Okay, and if you ask for gum, everyone knows you’re talking about. You’re talking about gum.
Misun: So instead of gum 검 없어요, you can drop gum 검 and just to say 없어요.
Keith: And that means we don’t have it. Okay. So let's go over 없다, which is the dictionary form.
Misun: 네. In conversational Korean, you should say 없어요
Keith: And if we were talking with our close friends, how do we say that casually?
Misun: Just drop 요 at the end. You can say 없어.
Keith: Okay. Can we have some examples?
Misun: Sure. 핸드폰 없어요.
Keith: I don't have a cell phone.
Misun: 돈이 없어요.
Keith: I don't have money.
Misun: So just remember. The object is in front
Keith: And the verb 없다 comes at the end.
Misun: Or you can just say 없어요 if everyone knows what you're talking about, all right?


Keith: All right. Well, that’s just about does it for today.
Misun: Ready to test what you just learned?
Keith: Make this lesson's vocabulary stick by using lesson specific flashcards in the learning center.
Misun: There is a reason everyone uses flashcards.
Keith: They work.
Misun: They really do help memorization.
Keith: You can get the flashcards for this lesson at…
Misun: KoreanClass101.com.
Keith: All right. We’ll hope to see everyone there. Bye-bye!
Misun: Okay. Bye, 안녕히 계세요.


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Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.

Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hello Everyone, Did you laugh at the last line?

Wednesday at 10:37 am
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Hi Sheyda,

Thanks for posting. Yes, you use particles. However, in colloquial Korean, most native Koreans will omit their particles, which is why you need to know exactly which particles were omitted (within the sentence).



Team KoreanClass101.com

Monday at 3:59 am
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Hi Korean class 101. Aren’t we supposed to add (를,을,이,가) at the end of each word that is the subject of a sentence?

Friday at 11:48 am
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Hi A'nya-Rose Hannah,

Thanks for posting. It can be difficult as the sentence structure is different. Think of it on the flip side, native Koreans learning English struggle through the same problem. However, it is important to learn the proper sentence structure if you want to make yourself understood--yes, even if you mix it up, native speakers will likely understand what you are saying, but in proper sentences/documents/language tests you will need to know the proper sentence structure. So hang in there! You'll be able to get the hang of it. 😄



Team KoreanClass101.com

A'nya-Rose Hannah
Wednesday at 1:10 pm
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Honestly I think everyone knows this but i don't so i want to know if there is different way how to say or write sentences

Example, in the United States: I love you so much

Example, in Korea: I you love much so...

easier way to say it in the united states we say I love you so much but in korea are the words in "I love you so much" so like do they mix up the words.


Friday at 1:20 am
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Hi 세시랴

Thanks for posting. Yes, you can use the sentence. However, to stress that you do have a scarf, but not gloves, you could add the particle '는' after scarf.

-->저는 목도리는 있어요. 그런데 장갑이 없어요.

-->I do have a scarf. However, (what I do not have) are gloves.


Team KoreanClass101.com

Tuesday at 8:25 pm
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Hello there, Can I say, 저는 목도리 있어요,그런데 장갑 없어요.

Thursday at 5:52 am
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Hi Victoria,

Thanks for posting. Usually in colloquial Korean, you will find that many (most) native Korean speakers omit particles and simplify the sentences (assuming that the listener understand what they are saying), this is why knowing particles is important--because if you don't know which particle was omitted, it may cause confusion. 😄 We have a lesson series on particles if you would like to give it a try:




Team KoreanClass101.com

Friday at 2:46 am
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We're glad to have you here studying with us!

Please let us know if you have any questions.



Team KoreanClass101.com

Friday at 8:07 am
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Hahaha, that last sentence was funny indeed 😁

I understood the lesson about the verb "to not extist" (sorry, I still don't have a Korean keyboard), so apologies if my question comes off topic:

When you said in Korean "I don't have a cell phone" and "I don't have money", why did you dropped the subject marker in "cellphone"? Thank you very much!

Wednesday at 9:41 pm
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Hello !

Tnx for today's lesson

It's very helpful and so easy to understand

I will review and study again in today's lesson

Thank you so much ...