Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Hi, everyone! I’m Jaehwi, welcome back to Korean Weekly Words. In this video we'll be talking about 10 words for connecting thoughts. Let's begin.
1. 그러고는 (geureogoneun) "Then"
For example you can say that, 어제 그 사람 만났어. 그러고는 헤어졌어.(Eoje geu saram mannasseo. Geureogoneun heeojyeosseo.) “I met the person, then we broke up.”
It can be used mostly for the conversation, like, spoken Korean, if it is for written Korean all we can say 그리고 나서(geurigo naseo) or 그러고 (geureogo) to mean “then”.
2. 하지만 (hajiman) "However"
This word can be used for formal situation or for written Korean, for example,
이 문제는 어렵습니다. 하지만 해결할 수 있습니다.(I munjeneun eoryeopsseumnida. Hajiman haegyeolhal su itsseumnida.) “This issue is difficult, however we can fix it.”
So if you want to say “however” with your friends, you can use 근데(geunde) or 그렇지만(geureochiman) to mean “however”.
이거 어려워 보여. 근데 할 수 있어. (Igeo eoryeowo boyeo. Geunde hal su isseo.) “This seems difficult, however we can fix it." For casual situation.
3. 따라서 (ttaraseo) "Therefore"
For example, 내일은 더울 겁니다. 따라서 물을 많이 드십시오. (Naeireun deoul geomnida. Ttaraseo mureul mani deusipsio.) “Tomorrow will be hot. Therefore, make sure to drink a lot of water.”
But when you talk with your friends or a more general cases, you can use 그러니까 (geureonikka) to mean ”therefore”.
4. 또한 (ttohan) "Also"
So for example, when you have a business meeting, you can suggest your idea by saying
이 계획도 생각할 수 있고 또한 이 계획도 생각할 수 있습니다. (I gyehoekdo saenggakal su itkko ttohan i gyehoekdo saenggakal su itsseumnida.) "We can consider this plan or that plan."
5. 반면 (banmyeon) "On the other hand"
So this word 반면 (banmyeon) literally means “the other side”, so you can use it to mean on the other hand. For example, 저는 스포츠를 좋아합니다. 반면 제 여자 친구는 스포츠를 좋아하지 않습니다. (Jeoneun seupocheureul joahamnida. Banmyeon je yeoja chinguneun seupocheureul joahaji ansseumnida.) "I like sports. On the other hand, my girlfriend does not like sports."
6. 마찬가지로 (machangajiro) "Likewise"
So when someone asks you 너도 이거 좋아해? (Neodo igeo joahae?) “Do you also like it?”
You can just say that 마찬가지로 (machangajiro) "Likewise"
But if you want to make it sound natural in Korean, you can just make it a little bit longer by saying 나도 마찬가지로 좋아해. (Nado machangajiro joahae.) "I like it as well."
7. 게다가 (gedaga) "Additionally"
So you can use in a sentence something like 그 사람은 성격도 좋고 게다가 얼굴도 예뻐요. (Geu sarameun seonggyeokdo joko gedaga eolguldo yeppeoyo.) "She has a good character. Moreover, she is pretty."
8. 대신 (daesin) "Instead"
대신 (daesin) means ”instead”, you can say, as in, 대신 해 줄 수 있으세요? (Daesin hae jul su isseuseyo?) "Could you do that for me?” or “Could you do that instead?"
9. 마지막으로 (majimageuro) "Finally"
When you finish something you can just start your paragraph by saying 마지막으로 (majimageuro) to mean “finally”. So, for example, 마지막으로 저는 이렇게 생각합니다. (Majimageuro jeoneun ireoke saenggakamnida. ) "Finally, this is what I think."
10. 근데 (geunde) "Well"
When you want to change the subject when you talk with your friends, you can simply just say 근데 (geunde), let’s say, you talked about your trip to Japan, and then you suddenly want to ask a friend like what she’s doing this weekend, then you can just say that 근데 이번 주말에 뭐 해? (Geunde ibeon jumare mwo hae? ) "Well, what are you doing this weekend?"
Ok, that's all 10 words for connecting thoughts. If you want to find out more expressions, make sure to visit KoreanClass101.com. I’ll see you next time. 다음 시간에 뵙겠습니다 (Daeum sigane boepgetsseumnida) 안녕히 계세요 (annyeonghi gyeseyo).

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